How to format your references using the Intermetallics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intermetallics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W.S. Barnett, Effectiveness of early educational intervention, Science. 333 (2011) 975–978.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Kim, D.M. Holtzman, Medicine. Prion-like behavior of amyloid-beta, Science. 330 (2010) 918–919.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.C. Rome, L. Flynn, T.D. Yoo, Biomechanics: rubber bands reduce the cost of carrying loads, Nature. 444 (2006) 1023–1024.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Studt, F. Abild-Pedersen, T. Bligaard, R.Z. Sørensen, C.H. Christensen, J.K. Nørskov, Identification of non-precious metal alloy catalysts for selective hydrogenation of acetylene, Science. 320 (2008) 1320–1322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.C. Thiselton, 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
P. Duarte, Lyapunov Exponents of Linear Cocycles: Continuity via Large Deviations, 1st ed. 2016, Atlantis Press, Paris, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Ochsner, S.E. Hug, H.-D. Daniel, Humanities Scholars’ Conceptions of Research Quality, in: M. Ochsner, S.E. Hug, H.-D. Daniel (Eds.), Research Assessment in the Humanities: Towards Criteria and Procedures, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 43–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intermetallics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Premature Birth Linked With Lower Wealth: How Education Could Help Bridge The Gap, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Lunch Program: Buy American Procedures at Schools With Cash or Credit in Lieu of Food, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.F. Pockross, Campbell, Turner and dog training in Adam Freeman Pockross’s “Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Marx, A Model Walks Into a Bar …, New York Times. (2015) ST21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntermetallics
AbbreviationIntermetallics (Barking)
ISSN (print)0966-9795
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

Other styles