How to format your references using the Intermetallics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intermetallics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Meyer, George C. Williams (1926-2010), Nature. 467 (2010) 790.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Bettencourt, G. West, A unified theory of urban living, Nature. 467 (2010) 912–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.A. Finn, T.W. Sisson, M. Deszcz-Pan, Aerogeophysical measurements of collapse-prone hydrothermally altered zones at Mount Rainier volcano, Nature. 409 (2001) 600–603.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Neugebohren, D. Borodin, H.W. Hahn, J. Altschäffel, A. Kandratsenka, D.J. Auerbach, C.T. Campbell, D. Schwarzer, D.J. Harding, A.M. Wodtke, T.N. Kitsopoulos, Velocity-resolved kinetics of site-specific carbon monoxide oxidation on platinum surfaces, Nature. 558 (2018) 280–283.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Eligehausen, R. Mallée, J.F. Silva, Anchorage in Concrete Construction, Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
S. Sabater, D. Barceló, eds., Water Scarcity in the Mediterranean: Perspectives Under Global Change, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Amato, A. Mazzeo, A. Penta, A. Picariello, Knowledge Representation and Management for E-Government Documents, in: A. Mazzeo, R. Bellini, G. Motta (Eds.), E-Government Ict Professionalism and Competences Service Science, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2008: pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intermetallics.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Spacing Of Letters, Not Shape Of Letters, Slightly Increases Reading Speed Of Those With Dyslexia, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard, Model Year 2002, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Douglas, Thermogravimetric and Raman Investigations on the Mechanism of Decomposition of Lead Compounds on Tungsten Surfaces, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R.W. Kelly, Quotation of the Day, New York Times. (2009) A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntermetallics
AbbreviationIntermetallics (Barking)
ISSN (print)0966-9795
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

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