How to format your references using the Intermetallics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intermetallics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Beltrami, Paleoclimate. Earth’s long-term memory, Science. 297 (2002) 206–207.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.J. Drake, P. Testa, The “solar model problem” solved by the abundance of neon in nearby stars, Nature. 436 (2005) 525–528.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Dai, A. Chen, Z. Bai, Integrative investigation on breast cancer in ER, PR and HER2-defined subgroups using mRNA and miRNA expression profiling, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E.S. Emison, A.S. McCallion, C.S. Kashuk, R.T. Bush, E. Grice, S. Lin, M.E. Portnoy, D.J. Cutler, E.D. Green, A. Chakravarti, A common sex-dependent mutation in a RET enhancer underlies Hirschsprung disease risk, Nature. 434 (2005) 857–863.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Gauthier, N. Andreff, E. Dombre, Intracorporeal Robotics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, USA, 2014.
An edited book
M. Mahmoudi, ed., Challenging Cases in Pulmonology, Springer, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Falke, D. Kapur, Inductive Decidability Using Implicit Induction, in: M. Hermann, A. Voronkov (Eds.), Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 13th International Conference, LPAR 2006, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, November 13-17, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intermetallics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientists Take Steps Toward Gene-Editing Therapy In Adults, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Natural Gas Regulation: Pipeline Transportation Under FERC Order 436, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.E. Mitchell, Job satisfaction and burnout among foreign -trained nurses in Saudi Arabia: A mixed-method study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
C. Buckley, Grad Student With Eye On Career in Finance Is Mourned in China, New York Times. (2013) A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntermetallics
AbbreviationIntermetallics (Barking)
ISSN (print)0966-9795
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

Other styles