How to format your references using the Intermetallics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intermetallics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.L. Littman, Reinforcement learning improves behaviour from evaluative feedback, Nature. 521 (2015) 445–451.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Yan, R.W. Aldrich, LRRC26 auxiliary protein allows BK channel activation at resting voltage without calcium, Nature. 466 (2010) 513–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Ma, H. Sun, X. Sun, Survival improvement by decade of patients aged 0-14 years with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a SEER analysis, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4227.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.C. Liao, D.N. Beal, G.V. Lauder, M.S. Triantafyllou, Fish exploiting vortices decrease muscle activity, Science. 302 (2003) 1566–1569.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.V. Rangarao, R.K. Mallik, Digital Signal Processing, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
M. Hinze, Optimization with PDE Constraints, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Bouchekif, G. Damnati, D. Charlet, Complementarity of Lexical Cohesion and Speaker Role Information for Story Segmentation of French TV Broadcast News, in: A.-H. Dediu, C. Martín-Vide, R. Mitkov, B. Truthe (Eds.), Statistical Language and Speech Processing: First International Conference, SLSP 2013, Tarragona, Spain, July 29-31, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intermetallics.

Blog post
R. Andrews, These Sex Acts Are Being Banned From Pornography In The UK, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Better Management Controls and ADP Requirements Analysis Can Help NASA Lewis Research Center, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.E. Fay, California employer perspectives on older working adults specific to the Affordable Care Act health insurance mandate, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, Nielsen Tackles a Mystery: Netflix Ratings, New York Times. (2017) B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntermetallics
AbbreviationIntermetallics (Barking)
ISSN (print)0966-9795
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

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