How to format your references using the International Journal of Solids and Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Solids and Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markó, I.E., 2001. Natural product synthesis. The art of total synthesis. Science 294, 1842–1843.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barnes, W., Sambles, R., 2004. Physics. Only skin deep. Science 305, 785–786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong, X., Wang, Y., Xia, Y., 2014. Re-building Daniell cell with a Li-ion exchange film. Sci. Rep. 4, 6916.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stowers, L., Holy, T.E., Meister, M., Dulac, C., Koentges, G., 2002. Loss of sex discrimination and male-male aggression in mice deficient for TRP2. Science 295, 1493–1500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aichinger, M., Binder, A., 2013. A Workout in Computational Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mendonça, J.T., 2013. Physics of Ultra-Cold Matter: Atomic Clouds, Bose-Einstein Condensates and Rydberg Plasmas, Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Hsu, C.-H., Tsai, W.-C., 2015. A Design Strategy of Cultural and Creative Products on the Global Market, in: Rau, P.L.P. (Ed.), Cross-Cultural Design Methods, Practice and Impact: 7th International Conference, CCD 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 36–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Solids and Structures.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Health Check: Does My Brain Really Freeze When I Eat Ice Cream? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. National Airspace System: FAA’s Approach to Its New Communications System Appears Prudent, but Challenges Remain (No. GAO-02-710). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, A., 2017. Group Mentoring Program to Empower Transitional-Aged Youth: A Grant Proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2014. Comics Sales Rise, in Paper and Pixels. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Markó, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Barnes and Sambles, 2004; Markó, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barnes and Sambles, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Stowers et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
AbbreviationInt. J. Solids Struct.
ISSN (print)0020-7683
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Condensed Matter Physics

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