How to format your references using the International Journal of Solids and Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Solids and Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grosjean, M., 2001. Mid-Holocene climate in the south-central Andes: humid or dry? Science 292, 2391.
A journal article with 2 authors
Folkman, J., Kalluri, R., 2004. Cancer without disease. Nature 427, 787.
A journal article with 3 authors
Angelakis, D.G., Das, P., Noh, C., 2014. Probing the topological properties of the Jackiw-Rebbi model with light. Sci. Rep. 4, 6110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Saito, F., Hirayasu, K., Satoh, T., Wang, C.W., Lusingu, J., Arimori, T., Shida, K., Palacpac, N.M.Q., Itagaki, S., Iwanaga, S., Takashima, E., Tsuboi, T., Kohyama, M., Suenaga, T., Colonna, M., Takagi, J., Lavstsen, T., Horii, T., Arase, H., 2018. Corrigendum: Immune evasion of Plasmodium falciparum by RIFIN via inhibitory receptors. Nature 554, 554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furmston, M., 2012. Powell-Smith and Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Casasús, I., Rogošiç, J., Rosati, A., Štokoviç, I., Gabiña, D. (Eds.), 2012. Animal farming and environmental interactions in the Mediterranean region, EAAP – European Federation of Animal Sciences. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdel-Aal, H.A., Mansori, M.E., 2011. Reptilian Skin as a Biomimetic Analogue for the Design of Deterministic Tribosurfaces, in: Gruber, P., Bruckner, D., Hellmich, C., Schmiedmayer, H.-B., Stachelberger, H., Gebeshuber, I.C. (Eds.), Biomimetics -- Materials, Structures and Processes: Examples, Ideas and Case Studies, Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Solids and Structures.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Would You Drink Virtual Lemonade? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Telecommunications: Issues in Providing Cable and Satellite Television Services (No. GAO-03-130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kehoe, R.M., 2009. Parental long-term care choices from the perspectives of their sandwich-generation adult children (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Board Renewing Searches By Trained Dogs at School. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grosjean, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Folkman and Kalluri, 2004; Grosjean, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Folkman and Kalluri, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Saito et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
AbbreviationInt. J. Solids Struct.
ISSN (print)0020-7683
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Condensed Matter Physics

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