How to format your references using the Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ganem, D. (2001). Virology. The X files--one step closer to closure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5550), 2299–2300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Demaurex, N., & Distelhorst, C. (2003). Cell biology. Apoptosis--the calcium connection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tibi, R., Wiens, D. A., & Inoue, H. (2003). Remote triggering of deep earthquakes in the 2002 Tonga sequences. Nature, 424(6951), 921–925.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ruiz, G. M., Rawlings, T. K., Dobbs, F. C., Drake, L. A., Mullady, T., Huq, A., & Colwell, R. R. (2000). Global spread of microorganisms by ships. Nature, 408(6808), 49–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kato, T., Handwerker, C. A., & Bath, J. (2016). Mitigating Tin Whisker Risks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kosowski, A., & Yamashita, M. (Eds.). (2011). Structural Information and Communication Complexity: 18th International Colloquium, SIROCCO 2011, Gdańsk, Poland, June 26-29, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 6796). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tagariello, G., & Radossi, P. (2008). Orthopedic Surgery in HIV-Positive Hemophiliac Patients. In H. A. Caviglia & L. P. Solimeno (Eds.), Orthopedic Surgery in Patients with Hemophilia (pp. 23–32). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, May 23). A Parasitic Infection Called Crypto Is On The Rise In US Swimming Pools. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope: Knowledge-Based Acquisition Approach Key to Addressing Program Challenges (No. GAO-06-634). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, J. (2012). Contextual Differential Item Functioning: Examining the Validity of Teaching Self-Efficacy Instruments Using Hierarchical Generalized Linear Modeling (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., & Rashbaum, W. K. (2017, July 1). Entrepreneur Behind Fyre Festival Is Arrested on Charges of Federal Wire Fraud. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ganem 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Demaurex and Distelhorst 2003; Ganem 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Demaurex and Distelhorst 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruiz et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Psychological and Behavioral Science
AbbreviationIntegr. Psychol. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)1932-4502
ISSN (online)1936-3567
Applied Psychology
Social Psychology
Cultural Studies

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