How to format your references using the Advances in Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scheschkewitz, D.: Comment on “Single-crystal X-ray structure of 1,3-dimethylcyclobutadiene by confinement in a crystalline matrix,” Science, 330, 1047; author reply 1047, 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
To, T.-L. and Maheshri, N.: Noise can induce bimodality in positive transcriptional feedback loops without bistability, Science, 327, 1142–1145, 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Evans, W. J., Kozimor, S. A., and Ziller, J. W.: Molecular octa-uranium rings with alternating nitride and azide bridges, Science, 309, 1835–1838, 2005.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Li, X., Wu, Y., Steel, D., Gammon, D., Stievater, T. H., Katzer, D. S., Park, D., Piermarocchi, C., and Sham, L. J.: An all-optical quantum gate in a semiconductor quantum dot, Science, 301, 809–811, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Connors, L. A. and Alvarez, C.: How Markets Really Work, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Kilian, J. (Ed.): Theory of Cryptography: Second Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2005, Cambridge, MA, USA, February 10-12, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XII, 628 p pp., 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Ho, S.-B.: On Effective Causal Learning, in: Artificial General Intelligence: 7th International Conference, AGI 2014, Quebec City, QC, Canada, August 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, edited by: Goertzel, B., Orseau, L., and Snaider, J., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 43–52, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Geosciences.

Blog post
The Possible Cause Of Flashbacks Discovered:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lytle, S. C.: Giving voice to the past: New editions of select repertoire of the 26th Regiment Band, North Carolina troops, C.S.A, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K.: World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Journalists Sentenced, New York Times, 25th June, A6, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scheschkewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Scheschkewitz, 2010; To and Maheshri, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (To and Maheshri, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Geosciences
AbbreviationAdv. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1680-7340
ISSN (online)1680-7359

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