How to format your references using the Advances in Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schilling, G.: ASTRONOMY: The Virtual Observatory Moves Closer to Reality, Science, 289, 238a–9a, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hightower, M. and Pierce, S. A.: The energy challenge, Nature, 452, 285–286, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stevens, R. C., Yokoyama, S., and Wilson, I. A.: Global efforts in structural genomics, Science, 294, 89–92, 2001.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Huang, Y., Duan, X., Wei, Q., and Lieber, C. M.: Directed assembly of one-dimensional nanostructures into functional networks, Science, 291, 630–633, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackford, R. and Schüklenk, U.: 50 Great Myths about Atheism, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Aybek, C. M., Huinink, J., and Muttarak, R. (Eds.): Spatial Mobility, Migration, and Living Arrangements, Springer International Publishing, Cham, VI, 246 p. 13 illus pp., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Wassenaar, T. M. and Newell, D. G.: The Genus Campylobacter, in: The Prokaryotes: Volume 7: Proteobacteria: Delta, Epsilon Subclass, edited by: Dworkin, M., Falkow, S., Rosenberg, E., Schleifer, K.-H., and Stackebrandt, E., Springer, New York, NY, 119–138, 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Geosciences.

Blog post
Antarctic’s Gigantic Ice Crack Is Fast Approaching Crunch Time:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in Vietnam, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Regmi, K.: Computer Vision and Image Processing Toolbox for MATLAB, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.: Political Memo; “New Democrats” Say Clinton Has Veered Left and Left Them, New York Times, 23rd May, 120, 1993.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schilling, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schilling, 2000; Hightower and Pierce, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hightower and Pierce, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Geosciences
AbbreviationAdv. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1680-7340
ISSN (online)1680-7359

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