How to format your references using the Advances in Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spence, K.: Ancient Egyptian chronology and the astronomical orientation of pyramids, Nature, 408(6810), 320–324, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keesing, F. and Ostfeld, R. S.: Ecology. Is biodiversity good for your health?, Science, 349(6245), 235–236, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, H., Guan, H. and Chi, B.: Record of winter monsoon strength, Nature, 450(7168), E10-1; discussion E11, 2007.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Press, D., Ladd, T. D., Zhang, B. and Yamamoto, Y.: Complete quantum control of a single quantum dot spin using ultrafast optical pulses, Nature, 456(7219), 218–221, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, R. A., Carew, M. G. and Maksimenko, T.: Micro Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2010.
An edited book
Zatt, B.: 3D Video Coding for Embedded Devices: Energy Efficient Algorithms and Architectures, edited by M. Shafique, S. Bampi, and J. Henkel, Springer, New York, NY., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, L., Chen, J. and Jia, K.: New Impossible Differential Cryptanalysis of Reduced-Round Camellia, in Cryptology and Network Security: 10th International Conference, CANS 2011, Sanya, China, December 10-12, 2011. Proceedings, edited by D. Lin, G. Tsudik, and X. Wang, pp. 26–39, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: June Is National Oceans Month, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Review of Yolo County, California, Economic Opportunity Commission Concerning Matters Affecting Local Poverty Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada, T.: Corporate culture and organizational efficiency in the competitive international market, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ., 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman, J. and Pilon, M.: Saudi Arabia May Send Women to Olympics, New York Times, 21st March, B11, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spence, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Keesing and Ostfeld, 2015; Spence, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keesing and Ostfeld, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Press et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Geosciences
AbbreviationAdv. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1680-7340
ISSN (online)1680-7359

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