How to format your references using the Advances in Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levitan, I. B.: Cell biology. A well-stocked pool, Science, 304, 394–395, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reyes, C. L. and Chang, G.: Structure of the ABC transporter MsbA in complex with ADP.vanadate and lipopolysaccharide, Science, 308, 1028–1031, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keizer, K., Lindenberg, S., and Steg, L.: The spreading of disorder, Science, 322, 1681–1685, 2008.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Luo, M.-X., Chen, X.-B., Yang, Y.-X., and Wang, X.: Geometry of quantum computation with qudits, Sci. Rep., 4, 4044, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaughan, D., Robinson, N., Lucas, N., and Arulkumaran, S.: Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Carena, M. J. (Ed.): Cereals, Springer US, New York, NY, XIV, 426 p. 40 illus., 13 illus. in color pp., 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Carpenter, J. E., Bloem, S., and Marec, F.: Inherited Sterility in Insects, in: Sterile Insect Technique: Principles and Practice in Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management, edited by: Dyck, V. A., Hendrichs, J., and Robinson, A. S., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 115–146, 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Geosciences.

Blog post
Star Trek’s Photon Torpedoes Are Almost Possible:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Station: U.S. Life-Cycle Funding Requirements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
HaMai, T.: The “other” women: What about the experiences of women faculty of color in community colleges?, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S.: When the Revolution Came for Amy Cuddy, New York Times, 18th October, MM29, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levitan, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Levitan, 2004; Reyes and Chang, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reyes and Chang, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Geosciences
AbbreviationAdv. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1680-7340
ISSN (online)1680-7359

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