How to format your references using the Advances in Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R.: Los Alamos labs are safe from fire, Nature, 405, 264, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher, H. S. and Hoekstra, H. E.: Competition drives cooperation among closely related sperm of deer mice, Nature, 463, 801–803, 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butterworth, B., Varma, S., and Laurillard, D.: Dyscalculia: from brain to education, Science, 332, 1049–1053, 2011.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Arvidson, R. E., Poulet, F., Bibring, J.-P., Wolff, M., Gendrin, A., Morris, R. V., Freeman, J. J., Langevin, Y., Mangold, N., and Bellucci, G.: Spectral reflectance and morphologic correlations in eastern Terra Meridiani, Mars, Science, 307, 1591–1594, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, C. A. and Collins, M.: The One-Page Project Manager for Execution, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Schuur, E. A. G., Druffel, E., and Trumbore, S. E. (Eds.): Radiocarbon and Climate Change: Mechanisms, Applications and Laboratory Techniques, Springer International Publishing, Cham, VII, 315 p. 136 illus., 127 illus. in color pp., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Litster, S. and Djilali, N.: Performance Analysis of Microstructured Fuel Cells for Portable Applications, in: Mini-Micro Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications, edited by: Kakaç, S., Pramuanjaroenkij, A., and Vasiliev, L., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 47–74, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Geosciences.

Blog post
Spider Versus Snake:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Health Information Technology: DOD Needs to Provide More Information on Risks to Improve Its Program Management, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chryssis, A. N.: Design and fabrication of high-performance interband cascade tunable external cavity lasers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyman, R.: Polish Parliament Acts to Upend Nation’s Courts, New York Times, 22nd July, A1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton, 2000; Fisher and Hoekstra, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fisher and Hoekstra, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Arvidson et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Geosciences
AbbreviationAdv. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1680-7340
ISSN (online)1680-7359

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