How to format your references using the Advances in Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughes, V.: The outlook for a cure, Nature, 466(7304), S11-3, 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheridan, G. K. and Dev, K. K.: Targeting S1P receptors in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice improves early deficits in locomotor activity and increases ultrasonic vocalisations, Sci. Rep., 4, 5051, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldman, S. R., Ebright, R. H. and Nickels, B. E.: Direct detection of abortive RNA transcripts in vivo, Science, 324(5929), 927–928, 2009.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Freeman, R., Block, F., Greenberg, D., Levi, M., Segal, A. M., Crow, M. and Teitelbaum, M. S.: Is the stimulus working for you?, Nature, 461(7266), 876–878, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrozzi, S.: Practical Instrumental Analysis, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany., 2012.
An edited book
Tang, W. H.: Condition Monitoring and Assessment of Power Transformers Using Computational Intelligence, edited by Q. H. Wu, Springer, London., 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhaus, K., Hupka, P. and Wiegand, N.: Order Financing and Financial Engineering, in Business Project Management and Marketing: Mastering Business Markets, edited by M. Kleinaltenkamp, W. Plinke, and I. Geiger, pp. 127–158, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Carbon Stored Deep In Antarctic Waters Ended The Last Ice Age, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Export Control: Army Guidance on Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Compliance with Export Control Laws and Regulations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sullivan, T. J.: Molecular Ecology, Disease Ecology, and Candidate Genes for Pathogen Resistance in the Blue Crab Callinectes sapidus, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G.: Sheldon Dorf, 76, Founder of Comic-Con, New York Times, 12th November, B18, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hughes, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hughes, 2010; Sheridan and Dev, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheridan and Dev, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Freeman et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Geosciences
AbbreviationAdv. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1680-7340
ISSN (online)1680-7359

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