How to format your references using the Journal of Electronic Testing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electronic Testing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Briciu A-E (2014) Wavelet analysis of lunar semidiurnal tidal influence on selected inland rivers across the globe. Sci Rep 4:4193
A journal article with 2 authors
Stein S, Liu M (2009) Long aftershock sequences within continents and implications for earthquake hazard assessment. Nature 462:87–89
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayr C, Hemann MT, Bartel DP (2007) Disrupting the pairing between let-7 and Hmga2 enhances oncogenic transformation. Science 315:1576–1579
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu C, Miloslavskaya I, Demontis S, et al (2004) Regulation of cellular response to oncogenic and oxidative stress by Seladin-1. Nature 432:640–645

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Narang RK (2013) Inside the Black Box. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Koziel S (2016) Simulation-Driven Design by Knowledge-Based Response Correction Techniques. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Finley SC (2016) “We Needed Both of Them”: The Continuing Relevance of Rev. Albert B. Cleage Jr.’s (Jaramogi Abebe Agyeman’s) Radical Interpretations of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X in Scholarship and Black Protest Thought. In: Clark JE (ed) Albert Cleage Jr. and the Black Madonna and Child. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 59–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electronic Testing.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Marine Species Are More Threatened Than We Thought – And We’ve Only Looked At 3%. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Federal Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Emergency Communications Need Clarification. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer CD (2013) School Referenda and Ohio Department of Education Typologies: An Investigation of the Outcomes of First Attempt School Operating Levies from 2002–2010. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2008) Cortlandt to Offer Plan To Lower Fuel Oil Costs. New York Times WE6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electronic Testing
AbbreviationJ. Electron. Test.
ISSN (print)0923-8174
ISSN (online)1573-0727
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles