How to format your references using the Journal of Electronic Testing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electronic Testing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson P (2000) Consequences. Perhaps the biotech sector should have employed more philosophers. Nature 405:281
A journal article with 2 authors
Farley KA, Mukhopadhyay S (2001) An extraterrestrial impact at the Permian-Triassic boundary? Science 293:2343
A journal article with 3 authors
Lorsch JR, Collins FS, Lippincott-Schwartz J (2014) Cell Biology. Fixing problems with cell lines. Science 346:1452–1453
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sherwood Lollar B, Westgate TD, Ward JA, et al (2002) Abiogenic formation of alkanes in the Earth’s crust as a minor source for global hydrocarbon reservoirs. Nature 416:522–524

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadati N, Dumont GA, Hamed KA, Gruver WA (2012) Hybrid Control and Motion Planning of Dynamical Legged Locomotion. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Andersen KN, Francesconi E, Grönlund Å, Engers TM van (2011) Electronic Government and the Information Systems Perspective: Second International Conference, EGOVIS 2011, Toulouse, France, August 29 – September 2, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Almeida JB, Frade MJ, Pinto JS, Melo de Sousa S (2011) Hoare Logic. In: Frade MJ, Pinto JS, Melo de Sousa S (eds) Rigorous Software Development: An Introduction to Program Verification. Springer, London, pp 129–157

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electronic Testing.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) World’s First Fluorescent Frog Discovered In The Amazon. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Title 6 T&A Data (NASA). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moro JM (2017) School Improvement Grants at Work: A Study of Urban, Public New England Schools. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J (2016) Car Accident Takes Away Independence and Financial Security. New York Times A28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electronic Testing
AbbreviationJ. Electron. Test.
ISSN (print)0923-8174
ISSN (online)1573-0727
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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