How to format your references using the Journal of Electronic Testing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electronic Testing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Barbier EB (2014) Economics: Account for depreciation of natural capital. Nature 515:32–33
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Seitz AR, Watanabe T (2003) Psychophysics: Is subliminal learning really passive? Nature 422:36
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Olff H, Ritchie ME, Prins HHT (2002) Global environmental controls of diversity in large herbivores. Nature 415:901–904
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zhang Y, Fu F, Wu T, et al (2013) A tale of two contribution mechanisms for nonlinear public goods. Sci Rep 3:2021

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wong KD (2011) Fundamentals of Wireless Communication Engineering Technologies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Niewöhner J, Bruns A, Hostert P, et al (2016) Land Use Competition: Ecological, Economic and Social Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cohen R, Wang T (2014) GUI Design for Android Apps, Part 4: Graphic Interface and Touchscreen Input. In: Wang T (ed) GUI Design for Android Apps. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 105–133

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electronic Testing.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2016) There’s A Gene That Reverses Cellular Aging, And Now We Know How. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1995) Student Loan Defaults: Department of Education Limitations in Sanctioning Problem Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ahmadi SA (2009) Synergistic interplay between math search and handwritten mathematical notation recognition. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2003) In Unlikely Urban Shadows, A Shopping Haven Takes Root. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electronic Testing
AbbreviationJ. Electron. Test.
ISSN (print)0923-8174
ISSN (online)1573-0727
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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