How to format your references using the Integrative Medicine Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Medicine Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware P. Exploring the territory in tissue engineering. Nature. 2000;403(6768):464-465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roth S, Panfilio KA. Development. Making waves for segments. Science. 2012;336(6079):306-307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruby E, Henderson B, McFall-Ngai M. Microbiology. We get by with a little help from our (little) friends. Science. 2004;303(5662):1305-1307.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thomson NH, Santos S, Mitchenall LA, Stuchinskaya T, Taylor JA, Maxwell A. DNA G-segment bending is not the sole determinant of topology simplification by type II DNA topoisomerases. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sugirtharajah RS. Exploring Postcolonial Biblical Criticism. Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Caballero-Anthony M, Chang Y, Putra NA, eds. Rethinking Energy Security in Asia: A Non-Traditional View of Human Security. Vol 2. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Xue SW, Tang YY, Zhang LH. Network Organization of Information Process in Young Adults’ Brain. In: Sun F, Hu D, Liu H, eds. Foundations and Practical Applications of Cognitive Systems and Information Processing: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Cognitive Systems and Information Processing, Beijing, China, Dec 2012 (CSIP2012). Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer; 2014:35-43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Medicine Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Discover A Process That Regulates Forgetting. IFLScience. Published March 17, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Passenger Rail Security: Federal Strategy and Enhanced Coordination Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido BB. Homes as Grounding Counterspaces: Mexicana Undocumented Students Utilizing Mother-Daughter Pedagogies of Resistance to Succeed in Higher Education. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Final Debate Is Watched by 71 Million. New York Times. October 20, 2016:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Medicine Research
AbbreviationIntegr. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-4220

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