How to format your references using the Integrative Medicine Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Medicine Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin-Frankel J. The elusive heart fix. Science. 2014;345(6194):252-257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackenzie AP, Grigera SA. Physics. A quantum critical route to field-induced superconductivity. Science. 2005;309(5739):1330-1331.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shcherbina AY, Talley LD, Rudnick DL. Direct observations of North Pacific ventilation: brine rejection in the Okhotsk Sea. Science. 2003;302(5652):1952-1955.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Berriman AC, Hinde DJ, Dasgupta M, Morton CR, Butt RD, Newton JO. Unexpected inhibition of fusion in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Nature. 2001;413(6852):144-147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hadjsaïd N, Sabonnadière J-C. Power Systems and Restructuring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Luo MR, ed. Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hannachi L, Asfari O, Benblidia N, Bentayeb F, Kabachi N, Boussaid O. Community Extraction Based on Topic-Driven-Model for Clustering Users Tweets. In: Zhou S, Zhang S, Karypis G, eds. Advanced Data Mining and Applications: 8th International Conference, ADMA 2012, Nanjing, China, December 15-18, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:39-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Medicine Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. How the Natural World has Helped Influence Culture and Society. IFLScience. Published June 9, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Actions Initiated to Correct ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lynch SD. Distortion of low-frequency acoustic signals by interaction with the moving ocean surface. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Madoff Had Everything to Do With Reyes’s Leaving. New York Times. December 6, 2011:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Medicine Research
AbbreviationIntegr. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-4220

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