How to format your references using the Integrative Medicine Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Medicine Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
von der Linde D. Materials science. A picosecond view of melting. Science. 2003;302(5649):1345-1346.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Giovannoni SJ, Vergin KL. Seasonality in ocean microbial communities. Science. 2012;335(6069):671-676.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Whitfield CW, Cziko A-M, Robinson GE. Gene expression profiles in the brain predict behavior in individual honey bees. Science. 2003;302(5643):296-299.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chen G-Y, Tang J, Zheng P, Liu Y. CD24 and Siglec-10 selectively repress tissue damage-induced immune responses. Science. 2009;323(5922):1722-1725.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Furmston M. Powell-Smith & Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. Blackwell Publishing; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Washio T, Zhou Z-H, Huang JZ, et al., eds. Emerging Technologies in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: PAKDD 2007 International Workshops Nanjing, China, May 22-25, 2007 Revised Selected Papers. Vol 4819. Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Anelli R. Recycling and Restoration: Adding New Meaning to Historical Buildings Through Minimal Interventions. In: Condello A, Lehmann S, eds. Sustainable Lina: Lina Bo Bardi’s Adaptive Reuse Projects. Springer International Publishing; 2016:97-160.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Medicine Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Solar Power Will Completely Phase Out Coal By 2050. IFLScience. Published February 2, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/solar-power-completely-phase-out-coal-2050/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Farm Program Modernization: Farm Service Agency Needs to Demonstrate the Capacity to Manage IT Initiatives. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Danso Odei PK. Effective Resolution of The Bibiani-Anhwianso-Bekwai District Healthcare Delivery System: An Outcome-Based Evaluative Case. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lee L. The Whole Earth Is at Stake, but It’s Just a Game. New York Times. September 3, 1995:223.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Medicine Research
AbbreviationIntegr. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-4220
Scope

Other styles