How to format your references using the Integrative Medicine Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Medicine Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Scadden DT. The stem-cell niche as an entity of action. Nature. 2006;441(7097):1075-1079.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Morris RG, Barthelemy M. Interdependent networks: the fragility of control. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2764.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Stinchcombe J, Bossi G, Griffiths GM. Linking albinism and immunity: the secrets of secretory lysosomes. Science. 2004;305(5680):55-59.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wang H, Kong L, Zhang J, et al. The pseudoginsenoside F11 ameliorates cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity without compromising its anti-tumor activity in vivo. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Abulencia JP, Theodore L. Open-Ended Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Mayers DL, ed. Antimicrobial Drug Resistance: Mechanisms of Drug Resistance. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Petrusel R. Aggregating Individual Models of Decision-Making Processes. In: Ralyté J, Franch X, Brinkkemper S, Wrycza S, eds. Advanced Information Systems Engineering: 24th International Conference, CAiSE 2012, Gdansk, Poland, June 25-29, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:47-63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Medicine Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What To Do When You’re Dead: Science Edition. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Small Business Innovation Research: Change in Program Eligibility Has Had Little Impact. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Madapatha SA. Energy efficient hierarchical wireless routing protocol (EEHW routing protocol). 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schwirtz M, Winerip M. Tunnels, Disguises and Sewers: A Prison’s Inmates Have Found Many Ways to Flee. New York Times. June 10, 2015:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Medicine Research
AbbreviationIntegr. Med. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-4220
Scope

Other styles