How to format your references using the Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laursen L. A preventable cancer. Nature. 2014;516(7529):S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaut BS, Ross-Ibarra J. Selection on major components of angiosperm genomes. Science. 2008;320(5875):484-486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan Z, Cai M, Shen PK. Nanosized tungsten carbide synthesized by a novel route at low temperature for high performance electrocatalysis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1646.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Araujo PT, Frank O, Mafra DL, et al. Mass-related inversion symmetry breaking and phonon self-energy renormalization in isotopically labeled AB-stacked bilayer graphene. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinebretière R. X-Ray Diffraction by Polycrystalline Materials. ISTE; 2010.
An edited book
Galin LA. Contact Problems: The Legacy of L.A. Galin. Vol 155. (Gladwell GML, ed.). Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Altman N, Altman N. The Color of Whiteness and the Paradox of Diversity. In: Rosenberger JB, ed. Relational Social Work Practice with Diverse Populations: A Relational Approach. Springer; 2014:55-66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry.

Blog post
Andrew E. El Niño Is Here And That Means Droughts, But They Don’t Work How You Might Think. IFLScience. Published October 2, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Observations on Proposed Corporation. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilkes DM. Multiple Modes of Mdmx Regulation Affect P53 Activation. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Rebirth of a Bronx Housing Complex Aims to Cut Crime and Increase Homes. New York Times. October 28, 2016:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
AbbreviationRapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.
ISSN (print)0951-4198
ISSN (online)1097-0231
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

Other styles