How to format your references using the Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rando O. A biologist despairs over the difficulty of demonstrating heritability of chromatin states. Nature. 2008;454(7201):141.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hemmer P, Wrachtrup J. Physics. Where is my quantum computer? Science. 2009;324(5926):473-474.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
DasGupta S, Ferreira CH, Miesenböck G. FoxP influences the speed and accuracy of a perceptual decision in Drosophila. Science. 2014;344(6186):901-904.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Jinks RN, Markley TL, Taylor EE, et al. Adaptive visual metamorphosis in a deep-sea hydrothermal vent crab. Nature. 2002;420(6911):68-70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lee Abbott M, McKinney J. Understanding and Applying Research Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Schwenker F, Marinai S, eds. Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition: Second IAPR Workshop, ANNPR 2006, Ulm, Germany, August 31-September 2, 2006. Proceedings. Vol 4087. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hicks BL. Beyond This or That: Challenging the Limits of Binary Language in Elementary Education Through Poetry, Word Art, and Creative Bookmaking. In: Miller S, ed. Teaching, Affirming, and Recognizing Trans and Gender Creative Youth: A Queer Literacy Framework. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:81-106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Gravitational Waves Might Test For Extra Dimensions. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/gravitational-waves-might-test-for-extra-dimensions/. Published May 10, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Progress in Achieving IRS’ Business Vision. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lim L. Dual-class vs. single-class firms: Information environment. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Court Upholds Arizona Limits Imposed on Insanity Defense. New York Times. June 30, 2006:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
AbbreviationRapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.
ISSN (print)0951-4198
ISSN (online)1097-0231
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Spectroscopy

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