How to format your references using the Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sutcliffe, J. S. (2008). Genetics. Insights into the pathogenesis of autism. Science 321, 208–209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strässer, K., and Hurt, E. (2001). Splicing factor Sub2p is required for nuclear mRNA export through its interaction with Yra1p. Nature 413, 648–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bollasina, M. A., Ming, Y., and Ramaswamy, V. (2011). Anthropogenic aerosols and the weakening of the South Asian summer monsoon. Science 334, 502–505.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schellart, W. P., Freeman, J., Stegman, D. R., Moresi, L., and May, D. (2007). Evolution and diversity of subduction zones controlled by slab width. Nature 446, 308–311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, B. G. (2013). Wealth Exposed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jervis, M. A. ed. (2005). Insects As Natural Enemies: A Practical Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonçalves, S. I. (2009). “Multimodality in Brain Imaging: Methodologic Aspects and Applications,” in Advances in Computational Vision and Medical Image Processing: Methods and Applications, eds. J. M. R. S. Tavares and R. M. N. Jorge (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 93–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Why The Native American Pipeline Resistance In North Dakota Is About Climate Justice. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Tax System Modernization: Further Testing of IRS’ Automated Taxpayer Service Systems Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, J. D. (2015). A profile of the chief student affairs officers of the California State University system.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, J. (2016). Republicans’ Path Recalls a Democratic Disaster at the Garden, in 1924. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sutcliffe, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Strässer and Hurt, 2001; Sutcliffe, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strässer and Hurt, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Schellart et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Head and Neck Cancer
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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