How to format your references using the Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, G. E., Jr (2001). Surface science. How minerals react with water. Science 294, 67–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
Braun-Munzinger, P., and Stachel, J. (2007). The quest for the quark-gluon plasma. Nature 448, 302–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
David, S. S., O’Shea, V. L., and Kundu, S. (2007). Base-excision repair of oxidative DNA damage. Nature 447, 941–950.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xia, Z.-P., Sun, L., Chen, X., Pineda, G., Jiang, X., Adhikari, A., et al. (2009). Direct activation of protein kinases by unanchored polyubiquitin chains. Nature 461, 114–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port, M., and Samuels, M. (2009). The Think Big Manifesto. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Herik, H. J. van D., Ciancarini, P., and Donkers, H. H. L. M. (jeroen) eds. (2007). Computers and Games: 5th International Conference, CG 2006, Turin, Italy, May 29-31, 2006. Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bakker, M. (2013). “Analytic Modeling of Transient Multilayer Flow,” in Advances in Hydrogeology, eds. P. K. Mishra and K. L. Kuhlman (New York, NY: Springer), 95–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). Why Is The Norovirus Such A Huge Problem For The NHS? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Homeland Security: Oversight of Neglected Human Resources Information Technology Investment Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham, S. R. (2015). Using Self-Monitoring and Goal Setting to Increase Swimming in Adults.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2017). Scenic Lakes and, Soon, a Town Center. New York Times, RE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Brown, 2001; Braun-Munzinger and Stachel, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Braun-Munzinger and Stachel, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Head and Neck Cancer
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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