How to format your references using the Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawrence, P. A. (2008). Retiring retirement. Nature 453, 588–590.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaffe, M., and Allam, S. (2015). POLYMER CHEMISTRY. Safer fuels by integrating polymer theory into design. Science 350, 32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stine, A. R., Huybers, P., and Fung, I. Y. (2009). Changes in the phase of the annual cycle of surface temperature. Nature 457, 435–440.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sano, M., Kamino, A., Okamura, J., and Shinkai, S. (2001). Ring closure of carbon nanotubes. Science 293, 1299–1301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labadie, N., Prins, C., and Prodhon, C. (2016). Metaheuristics for Vehicle Routing Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pelc, A., and Schwarzmann, A. A. eds. (2015). Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 17th International Symposium, SSS 2015, Edmonton, AB, Canada, August 18-21, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivasulu, S., and Jain, A. (2008). “Rainfall-Runoff Modelling: Integrating Available Data and Modern Techniques,” in Practical Hydroinformatics: Computational Intelligence and Technological Developments in Water Applications Water Science and Technology Library., eds. R. J. Abrahart, L. M. See, and D. P. Solomatine (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 59–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Orange Juice Is The Biggest Con Of Your Life. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Business Modernization: NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program Does Not Fully Address Agency’s External Reporting Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, N. (2017). High Performance Cryptography for Electronic Product Code for Internet of Things Applications.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008). Start-Up Church Calls Diner Home. New York Times, WE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawrence, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lawrence, 2008; Jaffe and Allam, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jaffe and Allam, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sano et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Head and Neck Cancer
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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