How to format your references using the Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenkins, A. (2004). Graduate journal: a tough challenge. Nature 427, 378.
A journal article with 2 authors
Neilsen, J., and Lee, J. C. (2009). Accretion disk winds as the jet suppression mechanism in the microquasar GRS 1915+105. Nature 458, 481–484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bushey, D., Tononi, G., and Cirelli, C. (2011). Sleep and synaptic homeostasis: structural evidence in Drosophila. Science 332, 1576–1581.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Venkatasubramanian, R., Siivola, E., Colpitts, T., and O’Quinn, B. (2001). Thin-film thermoelectric devices with high room-temperature figures of merit. Nature 413, 597–602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Church, R. L., and Murray, A. T. (2008). Business Site Selection, Location Analysis and GIS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hjemdahl, P., Steptoe, A., and Rosengren, A. eds. (2012). Stress and Cardiovascular Disease. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Villar Piqué, G., and Alarcón, E. (2011). “Buck Converter Design Space Exploration with Detailed Component Models,” in CMOS Integrated Switching Power Converters: A Structured Design Approach, ed. E. Alarcón (New York, NY: Springer), 121–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Head and Neck Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Our New Anti-Earthquake Technology Could Protect Cities From Destruction. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1968). Opportunity For Savings In Space Programs By Reevaluating Needs Before Buying Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatton, J. D. (2012). The Changing Dynamics of Health Care: Physician Perceptions of Technology in Medical Practices.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000). Kaukenas’s Magical Night Means Romp for Seton Hall. New York Times, 84.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jenkins, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jenkins, 2004; Neilsen and Lee, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Neilsen and Lee, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Venkatasubramanian et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Head and Neck Cancer
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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