How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karoly DJ. Atmospheric science. Ozone and climate change. Science. 2003 Oct 10;302(5643):236–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tyc T, Zhang X. Forum Optics: Perfect lenses in focus. Nature. 2011 Nov 30;480(7375):42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Uyanik M, Hayashi H, Ishihara K. High-turnover hypoiodite catalysis for asymmetric synthesis of tocopherols. Science. 2014 Jul 18;345(6194):291–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Drdla R, Gassner M, Gingl E, Sandkühler J. Induction of synaptic long-term potentiation after opioid withdrawal. Science. 2009 Jul 10;325(5937):207–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armaroli N, Balzani V. Energy for a Sustainable World. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Smith LM. Families, Education and Giftedness: Case Studies in the Construction of High Achievement. Campbell J, ed. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Perret A, Foray G, Roiban L, Masenelli-Varlot K, Maire E, Adrien J, et al. 3D Multiscale Characterization of Silica Aerogels Composites. In: Bernard D, Buffière J-Y, Pollock T, Poulsen HF, Rollett A, Uchic M, eds. Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 29–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. Viral DNA In Our Genomes Protects Early Embryos. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automatic Data Processing Policies, Procedures, and Practices at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Jun. Report No.: B-162407(6).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liang M. Information, communication and wayfinding: Technology shows us the world [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Mystery House. New York Times. 2012 Jul 15;ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
AbbreviationCan. J. Diet. Pract. Res.
ISSN (print)1486-3847
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles