How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
James KS. India’s demographic change: opportunities and challenges. Science. 2011 Jul 29;333(6042):576–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
Promislow DEL, Kaeberlein M. Development. Chemical warfare in the battle of the sexes. Science. 2014 Jan 31;343(6170):491–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwai M, Yokono M, Nakano A. Visualizing structural dynamics of thylakoid membranes. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 20;4:3768.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Matheus P, Burns J, Weinstock J, Hofreiter M. Pleistocene brown bears in the mid-continent of North America. Science. 2004 Nov 12;306(5699):1150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaut Roth C, Faulkner WH Jr. Review Questions for MRI. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2013.
An edited book
Marcus A, ed. Design, User Experience, and Usability. User Experience Design for Diverse Interaction Platforms and Environments: Third International Conference, DUXU 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivas V, Mitra P. Applications of Link Prediction. In: Mitra P, ed. Link Prediction in Social Networks: Role of Power Law Distribution. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 57–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. Playing Around Doesn’t Make Male Chimpanzees Bad Fathers. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High Speed Ground Transportation: Strategic Approach Needed for Introduction of HSGT. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Apr. Report No.: T-RCED-93-35.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meyertholen AN. Blurring the lines: The invention of abstract in German literature since 1800 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. Was That a Presidential Debate or a Pitch for an Edgy Trump Channel? New York Times. 2016 Oct 20;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
AbbreviationCan. J. Diet. Pract. Res.
ISSN (print)1486-3847
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles