How to format your references using the Science Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlermiler Q. German research agency “doesn’t stifle creativity”, say 1,600 scientists. Nature 2000;404:915.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacLeod DA, Morse AP. Visualizing the uncertainty in the relationship between seasonal average climate and malaria risk. Sci Rep 2014;4:7264.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sidi S, Friedrich RW, Nicolson T. NompC TRP channel required for vertebrate sensory hair cell mechanotransduction. Science 2003;301:96–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lorenzoni M, Brandi F, Dante S, Giugni A, Torre B. Simple and effective graphene laser processing for neuron patterning application. Sci Rep 2013;3:1954.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu J, Dong X, Chen X, Tong X, Zhang X, Xu S. Fault Location and Service Restoration for Electrical Distribution Systems. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Ribes R. Learning Musculoskeletal Imaging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharma S, Gupta R, Dugar G, Srivastava AK. Impact of Application of Biofertilizers on Soil Structure and Resident Microbial Community Structure and Function. In: Maheshwari DK, editor. Bacteria in Agrobiology: Plant Probiotics, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew E. Just One Gene may Determine Brain Size in Fish. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The SEASAT-A Project: Where It Stands Today. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Qazzaz AL. A kinetic study of the radiolytic degradation of phthalates in aqueous solutions. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. Qaeda-Linked Militants Are Finding Elbow Room Among Syria’s Displaced. New York Times 2017:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience Bulletin
AbbreviationSci. Bull. (Beijing)
ISSN (print)2095-9273

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