How to format your references using the Science Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Science Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis M. Urban planning: Monumental knock-offs. Nature 2013;494:427–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chirik PJ, Wieghardt K. Chemistry. Radical ligands confer nobility on base-metal catalysts. Science 2010;327:794–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson ZL, Cheong C-G, Lee S-Y. Crystal structure of a concentrative nucleoside transporter from Vibrio cholerae at 2.4 Å. Nature 2012;483:489–93.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gamezo VN, Khokhlov AM, Oran ES, Chtchelkanova AY, Rosenberg RO. Thermonuclear supernovae: simulations of the deflagration stage and their implications. Science 2003;299:77–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weiss A. Getting Started in Consulting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Li F. Euclidean Shortest Paths: Exact or Approximate Algorithms. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferraro R. Transformation of the Electromagnetic Field. In: Ferraro R, editor. Einstein’s Space-Time: An Introduction to Special and General Relativity, New York, NY: Springer; 2007, p. 117–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Science Bulletin.

Blog post
Hale T. This Robotic Arm Could Be Helping Out Amputees Very Soon. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Proposed Legislation to Fund and Establish a Nonprofit National Center for Long-Term Environmental Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ebrahimi A. A recreational and vocational program for foster youth who reside in group homes: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Robert A. Wilson, 94; Ran a Haven for Poets. New York Times 2016:D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScience Bulletin
AbbreviationSci. Bull. (Beijing)
ISSN (print)2095-9273

Other styles