How to format your references using the Facies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Facies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lok C (2001) Plans to reduce acceptable arsenic limit put on hold. Nature 410:503
A journal article with 2 authors
Millar CI, Stephenson NL (2015) Temperate forest health in an era of emerging megadisturbance. Science 349:823–826
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutzoni F, Pagel M, Reeb V (2001) Major fungal lineages are derived from lichen symbiotic ancestors. Nature 411:937–940
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chaudhury S, Smith A, Anderson BE, et al (2009) Quantum signatures of chaos in a kicked top. Nature 461:768–771

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu HH (2011) Oracle Database Performance and Scalability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Martínez-León MI, Martínez-Valverde A, Ceres-Ruiz L (eds) (2012) Imaging for Pediatricians: 100 Key Cases. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Mendonça JT, Terças H (2013) Waves and Oscillations in Clouds. In: Terças H (ed) Physics of Ultra-Cold Matter: Atomic Clouds, Bose-Einstein Condensates and Rydberg Plasmas. Springer, New York, NY, pp 89–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Facies.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) First Ever Footage Of Terrifying Deep-Sea Animal. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Telephone Communications: Controlling Cross-Subsidy Between Regulated and Competitive Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant JD (2014) The Investigation of Self-Determination in Students Participating in Higher Education with an Invisible Disability. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kennedy R, Davey M (2013) Detroit’s Creditors Eye Its Art Collection. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lok 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lok 2001; Millar and Stephenson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Millar and Stephenson 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Chaudhury et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFacies
ISSN (print)0172-9179
ISSN (online)1612-4820

Other styles