How to format your references using the Facies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Facies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Köhling R (2002) Neuroscience. GABA becomes exciting. Science 298:1350–1351
A journal article with 2 authors
Rappuoli R, Aderem A (2011) A 2020 vision for vaccines against HIV, tuberculosis and malaria. Nature 473:463–469
A journal article with 3 authors
Torre R, Bartolini P, Righini R (2004) Structural relaxation in supercooled water by time-resolved spectroscopy. Nature 428:296–299
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Coluzzi M, Sabatini A, della Torre A, et al (2002) A polytene chromosome analysis of the Anopheles gambiae species complex. Science 298:1415–1418

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells JT (2017) Corporate Fraud Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mellodge P (2008) Model Abstraction in Dynamical Systems: Application to Mobile Robot Control. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Monory K, Lutz B (2009) Genetic Models of the Endocannabinoid System. In: Kendall D, Alexander S (eds) Behavioral Neurobiology of the Endocannabinoid System. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 111–139

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Facies.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) LADEE’s Mission to the Moon. In: IFLScience.’s-mission-moon/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Postsecondary Education: Many States Collect Graduates’ Employment Information, but Clearer Guidance on Student Privacy Requirements Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corona B (2012) Laws governing the treatment, involuntary detention and community integration of individuals with developmental disabilities: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Bruce Finds His Swing by Studying the Stats. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Köhling 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Köhling 2002; Rappuoli and Aderem 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rappuoli and Aderem 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Coluzzi et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFacies
ISSN (print)0172-9179
ISSN (online)1612-4820

Other styles