How to format your references using the Facies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Facies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neff BD (2003) Decisions about parental care in response to perceived paternity. Nature 422:716–719
A journal article with 2 authors
Jørgensen HF, Fisher AG (2010) Can controversies be put to REST? Nature 467:E3-4; discussion E5
A journal article with 3 authors
Burlaga LF, Ness NF, Stone EC (2013) Magnetic field observations as Voyager 1 entered the heliosheath depletion region. Science 341:147–150
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kovalenko A, Chable-Bessia C, Cantarella G, et al (2003) The tumour suppressor CYLD negatively regulates NF-kappaB signalling by deubiquitination. Nature 424:801–805

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter M (2013) 3G, 4G and Beyond-Bringing Networks, Devices and the Web Together. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Clarkson DB (2005) S+ Functional Data Analysis: User’s Manual for Windows®. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Veiga LG, Kurian M (2015) Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations: Questions of Accountability and Autonomy. In: Kurian M, Ardakanian R (eds) Governing the Nexus: Water, Soil and Waste Resources Considering Global Change. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Facies.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Pope Francis Says Destroying The Environment Should Be A Sin. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Computer-Based Patient Records: VA and DOD Made Progress, but Much Work Remains to Fully Share Medical Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rountree BL (2010) Theory and practice of dynamic voltage /frequency scaling in the high performance computing environment. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E, Southall A (2016) De Blasio Calls Police Shooting ‘Unacceptable.’ New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neff 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Neff 2003; Jørgensen and Fisher 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jørgensen and Fisher 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kovalenko et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFacies
ISSN (print)0172-9179
ISSN (online)1612-4820

Other styles