How to format your references using the Facies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Facies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghosh A (2002) Neurobiology. Learning more about NMDA receptor regulation. Science 295:449–451
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexander M, Christia F (2011) Context modularity of human altruism. Science 334:1392–1394
A journal article with 3 authors
Logvenov G, Gozar A, Bozovic I (2009) High-temperature superconductivity in a single copper-oxygen plane. Science 326:699–702
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rembold M, Loosli F, Adams RJ, Wittbrodt J (2006) Individual cell migration serves as the driving force for optic vesicle evagination. Science 313:1130–1134

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy G, Levin B (2014) The Biostatistics of Aging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jurga S, Erdmann (Deceased) VA, Barciszewski J (eds) (2016) Modified Nucleic Acids in Biology and Medicine. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Jingura RM (2012) Socio-Economy, Agro-Ecological Zones, Agronomic Practices and Farming System of Jatropha curcas L. in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Carels N, Sujatha M, Bahadur B (eds) Jatropha, Challenges for a New Energy Crop: Volume 1: Farming, Economics and Biofuel. Springer, New York, NY, pp 53–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Facies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Remains Of Dying Planet Found Orbiting A White Dwarf Star For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) A Methodology for Reviewing Computer Software. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter KE (2009) The use of boron-doped diamond film electrodes for the oxidative degradation of perfluorooctane sulfonate and trichloroethylene. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) 2nd Etan Patz Jury Knew Members of First Jury Were Watching, Defense Says. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ghosh 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Ghosh 2002; Alexander and Christia 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alexander and Christia 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Rembold et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFacies
ISSN (print)0172-9179
ISSN (online)1612-4820

Other styles