How to format your references using the Facies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Facies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Funk CD (2001) Prostaglandins and leukotrienes: advances in eicosanoid biology. Science 294:1871–1875
A journal article with 2 authors
Alsdorf DE, Lettenmaier DP (2003) Geophysics. Tracking fresh water from space. Science 301:1491–1494
A journal article with 3 authors
Yonezawa H, Aoki T, Furusawa A (2004) Demonstration of a quantum teleportation network for continuous variables. Nature 431:430–433
A journal article with 5 or more authors
He Y, Jones CR, Fujiki N, et al (2009) The transcriptional repressor DEC2 regulates sleep length in mammals. Science 325:866–870

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernando A, Worrall ST, Ekmekcioǧlu E (2013) 3DTV. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Richardson HW, Pan Q, Park J, Moore JE II (eds) (2015) Regional Economic Impacts of Terrorist Attacks, Natural Disasters and Metropolitan Policies. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Greensite F (2005) Heart Surface Electrocardiographic Inverse Solutions. In: He B (ed) Modeling and Imaging of Bioelectrical Activity: Principles and Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 119–160

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Facies.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Orangutan “Kiss Squeaks” Could Give Insight Into Evolution Of Human Language. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Science and Technology: Information on Federal Programs and Interagency Efforts That Support Small Businesses Engaged in Manufacturing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cordova M (2009) The impact of a teacher training program on student engagement. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Clash of the Titans. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Funk 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Funk 2001; Alsdorf and Lettenmaier 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alsdorf and Lettenmaier 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFacies
ISSN (print)0172-9179
ISSN (online)1612-4820

Other styles