How to format your references using the Facies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Facies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G (2009) Arms pact could boost US-Russian science. Nature 460:316
A journal article with 2 authors
Jesson LK, Barrett SCH (2002) Solving the puzzle of mirror-image flowers. Nature 417:707
A journal article with 3 authors
Mo Y, Turner KT, Szlufarska I (2009) Friction laws at the nanoscale. Nature 457:1116–1119
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu L, Botos I, Wang Y, et al (2008) Structural basis of toll-like receptor 3 signaling with double-stranded RNA. Science 320:379–381

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Plantin J-C (2014) Participatory Mapping. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chick G (ed) (2013) Acute and Chronic Finger Injuries in Ball Sports. Springer, Paris
A chapter in an edited book
Cambazard H, Mehta D, O’Sullivan B, Simonis H (2013) Constraint Programming Based Large Neighbourhood Search for Energy Minimisation in Data Centres. In: Altmann J, Vanmechelen K, Rana OF (eds) Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services: 10th International Conference, GECON 2013, Zaragoza, Spain, September 18-20, 2013. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 44–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Facies.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Young Human Blood Rejuvenates Old Mice. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Guaranteed Student Loans: Profits of Secondary Market Lenders Vary Widely. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia R (2010) The California State University education doctorate: Public policy for the public good. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2009) Even Among Venerable Texts, A Torah Like No Other. New York Times CY5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Jesson and Barrett 2002; Brumfiel 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jesson and Barrett 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFacies
ISSN (print)0172-9179
ISSN (online)1612-4820

Other styles