How to format your references using the Molbank citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molbank. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. Action urged to combat killer algae. Nature 2001, 412, 260.
A journal article with 2 authors
Treves, A.; Bruskotter, J. Ecology. Tolerance for predatory wildlife. Science 2014, 344, 476–477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Molnar, P.; Houseman, G.A.; England, P.C. Earth science: palaeo-altimetry of Tibet. Nature 2006, 444, E4; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rubin, C.; Turner, A.S.; Bain, S.; Mallinckrodt, C.; McLeod, K. Anabolism. Low mechanical signals strengthen long bones. Nature 2001, 412, 603–604.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cuddy-Keane, M.; Hammond, A.; Peat, A. Modernism: Keywords; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118325940.
An edited book
Schmidt, B. Ion Beams in Materials Processing and Analysis; Wetzig, K., Ed.; Springer: Vienna, 2013; ISBN 9783211993552.
A chapter in an edited book
Costabile, L.T.; Vendrametto, O.; de Oliveira Neto, G.C.; Neto, M.M.; Shibuya, M.K. Social Network Analysis on Grain Production in the Brazilian Scenario. In Advances in Production Management Systems: Innovative Production Management Towards Sustainable Growth: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2015, Tokyo, Japan, September 7-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part I; Umeda, S., Nakano, M., Mizuyama, H., Hibino, N., Kiritsis, D., von Cieminski, G., Eds.; IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 36–44 ISBN 9783319227559.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molbank.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Wolves Were Domesticated Twice To Become Man’s Best Friend (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation Infrastructure: Advantages and Disadvantages of Wrap-Up Insurance for Large Construction Projects; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marcheschi, R.L. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding individuals with epilepsy by marriage and family therapists and social workers. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. Strange Weather. New York Times 2017, C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolbank
ISSN (online)1422-8599
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Other styles