How to format your references using the Molbank citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molbank. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tian, P. Three Giants Tighten Their Grip. Nature 2015, 528, S176-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butler, A.; Sandy, M. Mechanistic Considerations of Halogenating Enzymes. Nature 2009, 460, 848–854.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hernlund, J.W.; Thomas, C.; Tackley, P.J. A Doubling of the Post-Perovskite Phase Boundary and Structure of the Earth’s Lowermost Mantle. Nature 2005, 434, 882–886.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reader, J.S.; Ordoukhanian, P.T.; Kim, J.-G.; de Crécy-Lagard, V.; Hwang, I.; Farrand, S.; Schimmel, P. Major Biocontrol of Plant Tumors Targets TRNA Synthetase. Science 2005, 309, 1533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Andrea, A.; Sjogren, J. Veterinary Technician’s Large Animal Daily Reference Guide; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781119421368.
An edited book
Pochet, Y. Production Planning by Mixed Integer Programming; Wolsey, L.A., Ed.; Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering; Springer: New York, NY, 2006; ISBN 9780387299594.
A chapter in an edited book
Biedroń, A. Memory Abilities in Gifted Foreign Language Learners. In New Perspectives on Individual Differences in Language Learning and Teaching; Pawlak, M., Ed.; Second Language Learning and Teaching; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 77–95 ISBN 9783642208492.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molbank.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Increasing Antibiotic Efficacy With Silver Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffith, A. The Curious Case of Implementation: Enactment of the California Community College Student Equity Initiative. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. Sandwiches From an Heirloom. New York Times 2007, 14NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolbank
ISSN (online)1422-8599
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Other styles