How to format your references using the Molbank citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molbank. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Becker, T. Geophysics. Fine-Scale Modeling of Global Plate Tectonics. Science 2010, 329, 1020–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nusbaum, M.P.; Beenhakker, M.P. A Small-Systems Approach to Motor Pattern Generation. Nature 2002, 417, 343–350.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, B.; Xu, S.; Wu, L. Intensified Arabian Sea Tropical Storms. Nature 2012, 489, E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rana, R.; Pandey, P.; Singh, R.P.; Rana, D.S. Positive Exchange-Bias and Giant Vertical Hysteretic Shift in La0.3Sr0.7FeO3/SrRuO3 Bilayers. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Packard, A. Digital Media Law; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010; ISBN 9781444318197.
An edited book
Advances in Software Engineering: International Conference, ASEA 2010, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, December 13-15, 2010. Proceedings; Kim, T.-H., Kim, H.-K., Khan, M.K., Kiumi, A., Fang, W.-C., Ślęzak, D., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 117; ISBN 9783642175770.
A chapter in an edited book
McGee, R.W. A Comparative Study of Indirect Taxes in Transition Economies and the European Union. In Taxation and Public Finance in Transition and Developing Economies; McGee, R.W., Ed.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2008; pp. 57–65 ISBN 9780387257112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molbank.

Blog post
Andrew, E. How Many Sharks Do Humans Kill Per Hour? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2011;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grether, S. All You Need Is Love? An Examination of Interracial Divorce. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, M.; Kovaleski, S.F. For Officers After a Shooting, Unseen ‘Grieving.’ New York Times 2017, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolbank
ISSN (online)1422-8599
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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