How to format your references using the Molbank citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molbank. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gordon, R.G. Plate tectonics. The Antarctic connection. Nature 2000, 404, 139–140.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schiermeier, Q.; Tollefson, J. Climate change: a Nobel cause. Nature 2007, 449, 766–767.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alapan, Y.; Little, J.A.; Gurkan, U.A. Heterogeneous red blood cell adhesion and deformability in sickle cell disease. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7173.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Min, S.K.; Yoon, G.H.; Joo, J.H.; Sim, S.J.; Shin, H.S. Mechanosensitive physiology of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under direct membrane distortion. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4675.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer, G.; Vovk, V. Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game!; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471249696.
An edited book
Pal, B.D. GHG Emissions and Economic Growth: A Computable General Equilibrium Model Based Analysis for India; Ojha, V.P., Pohit, S., Roy, J., Eds.; India Studies in Business and Economics; Springer India: New Delhi, 2015; ISBN 9788132219422.
A chapter in an edited book
Holzer, G. Orthopedic Surgery. In Radiology of Osteoporosis; Grampp, S., Ed.; Medical Radiology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 69–76 ISBN 9783540258889.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molbank.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Modifying Mosquitoes To Stop Transmission Of Dengue Fever Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Land Management Systems: BLM’s Actions to Improve Information Technology Management; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monosky, K.A. Perceived effectiveness and utility of various EMS credentials. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Double Dose on Opening Day Warms the Soul. New York Times 2013, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolbank
ISSN (online)1422-8599
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Other styles