How to format your references using the Molbank citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molbank. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beall, J. Predatory Publishers Are Corrupting Open Access. Nature 2012, 489, 179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Artal-Sanz, M.; Tavernarakis, N. Prohibitin Couples Diapause Signalling to Mitochondrial Metabolism during Ageing in C. Elegans. Nature 2009, 461, 793–797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perrachione, T.K.; Del Tufo, S.N.; Gabrieli, J.D.E. Human Voice Recognition Depends on Language Ability. Science 2011, 333, 595.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Patricelli, G.L.; Uy, J.A.C.; Walsh, G.; Borgia, G. Male Displays Adjusted to Female’s Response. Nature 2002, 415, 279–280.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, R.G. Environmental Calculations; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009; ISBN 9780470925386.
An edited book
Clean Energy Systems in the Subsurface: Production, Storage and Conversion: Proceedings of the 3rd Sino-German Conference “Underground Storage of CO2 and Energy”, Goslar, Germany, 21-23 May 2013; Hou, M.Z., Xie, H., Were, P., Eds.; Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; ISBN 9783642378485.
A chapter in an edited book
Affronti, A.; Orlando, A.; Cottone, M. Course of Crohn’s Disease. In Crohn’s Disease: Radiological Features and Clinical-Surgical Correlations; Lo Re, G., Midiri, M., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 31–42 ISBN 9783319230658.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molbank.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Experiments Show That Microbes Could Definitely Survive On Mars (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Controls Are Needed Over Indian Self-Determination Contracts, Grants, and Training and Technical Assistance Activities To Insure Required Services Are Provided to Indians; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hansell, L. Perceptions of Supervisor Ethical Behavior by Psychology Interns. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Woideck, G. Buddha Provides Tap Shoes. New York Times 2016, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolbank
ISSN (online)1422-8599
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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