How to format your references using the Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson D (2000) Unesco backs “science for debt” plan. Nature 404:911
A journal article with 2 authors
Karlan D, Zinman J (2011) Microcredit in theory and practice: using randomized credit scoring for impact evaluation. Science 332:1278–1284
A journal article with 3 authors
Afek I, Ambar O, Silberberg Y (2010) High-NOON states by mixing quantum and classical light. Science 328:879–881
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vecchione M, Young RE, Guerra A, et al (2001) Worldwide observations of remarkable deep-sea squids. Science 294:2505

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vegh A (2010) Web Development with the Mac®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Delcour AH (2015) Electrophysiology of Unconventional Channels and Pores, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Şakul K (2011) General Observations on the Ottoman Military Industry, 1774–1839: Problems of Organization and Standardization. In: Günergun F, Raina D (eds) Science between Europe and Asia: Historical Studies on the Transmission, Adoption and Adaptation of Knowledge. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 41–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Underwater DNA Reveals that Wheat Arrived 2,000 Years Before Agriculture in Britain. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Telecommunications: Strong Support for Extending FCC’s Auction Authority Exists, but Little Agreement on Other Options to Improve Efficient Use of Spectrum. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winhusen ER (2001) Precambrian Seawater Temperature Analysis Using Oxygen Isotopes from Hamersley Carbonates, Western Australia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly J (1977) COSMETIC LIB FOR MEN. New York Times The New York Times Magazine234

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation
AbbreviationIntegr. Mater. Manuf. Innov.
ISSN (print)2193-9764
ISSN (online)2193-9772

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