How to format your references using the Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rogers JA (2012) Materials science. Nanometer-scale printing. Science 337:1459–1460
A journal article with 2 authors
Ofek G, Diskin R (2014) HIV. Expanding the breadth of an HIV-1 vaccine. Science 346:1290–1291
A journal article with 3 authors
Reynolds JN, Hyland BI, Wickens JR (2001) A cellular mechanism of reward-related learning. Nature 413:67–70
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yoo S-D, Cho Y-H, Tena G, et al (2008) Dual control of nuclear EIN3 by bifurcate MAPK cascades in C2H4 signalling. Nature 451:789–795

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xiu L (2012) Nanometer Frequency Synthesis Beyond the Phase-Locked Loop. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chilamkurti N, Zeadally S, Chaouchi H (2013) Next-Generation Wireless Technologies: 4G and Beyond. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Håkanson L, Bryhn AC (2008) Operational Bioindicators for Coastal Management. In: Bryhn AC (ed) Tools and Criteria for Sustainable Coastal Ecosystem Management: Examples from the Baltic Sea and Other Aquatic Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 125–158

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Scientists Create Light-Sensitive Retina in a Dish. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Statistical Agencies: Proposed Consolidation and Data Sharing Legislation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holbert M (2010) Knowledge is power (KIP): Kinship caregiver support group program curriculum. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith M, Pérez-Peña R, Bromwich JE (2016) Iowa Man Surrenders After Two Police Officers Are Ambushed Overnight. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation
AbbreviationIntegr. Mater. Manuf. Innov.
ISSN (print)2193-9764
ISSN (online)2193-9772

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