How to format your references using the Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amzica F (2010) Comment on “The human K-complex represents an isolated cortical down-state.” Science 330:35; author reply 35
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen G, Yanofsky C (2003) Tandem transcription and translation regulatory sensing of uncharged tryptophan tRNA. Science 301:211–213
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavrentovich OD, Lazo I, Pishnyak OP (2010) Nonlinear electrophoresis of dielectric and metal spheres in a nematic liquid crystal. Nature 467:947–950
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Huang L-C, Pan X, Yang H, et al (2013) Linking genotype to phenotype on beads: high throughput selection of peptides with biological function. Sci Rep 3:3030

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rabe JL, Martorana RJ (2014) Alts Democratized. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Parisi-Presicce F, Westfechtel B (2015) Graph Transformation: 8th International Conference, ICGT 2015, Held as Part of STAF 2015, L’Aquila, Italy, July 21-23, 2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Jost J (2016) Reception and Influence of Riemann’s Text. In: Jost J (ed) On the Hypotheses Which Lie at the Bases of Geometry. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 119–146

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Now Everyone Can Help Astronomers Hunt Down Supernovae. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Aviation Security: Status of Transportation Security Inspector Workforce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moble B (2010) Fundamental understanding of the cycloidal-rotor concept for micro air vehicle applications. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2010) David Sarkisyan, 62, Moscow Preservationist. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation
AbbreviationIntegr. Mater. Manuf. Innov.
ISSN (print)2193-9764
ISSN (online)2193-9772

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