How to format your references using the Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gosden C (2010) Archaeology. When humans arrived in the New Guinea Highlands. Science 330:41–42
A journal article with 2 authors
Rushton MJD, Chroneos A (2014) Impact of uniaxial strain and doping on oxygen diffusion in CeO2. Sci Rep 4:6068
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuragi S, Tominaga-Yoshino K, Ogura A (2013) Involvement of TrkB- and p75(NTR)-signaling pathways in two contrasting forms of long-lasting synaptic plasticity. Sci Rep 3:3185
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hurley SM, Dermota TE, Hydutsky DP, Castleman AW Jr (2002) Dynamics of hydrogen bromide dissolution in the ground and excited states. Science 298:202–204

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zack GM (2012) Financial Statement Fraud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yang VW, Bialkowska AB (2015) Intestinal Tumorigenesis: Mechanisms of Development & Progression, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Dewi RG, Siagian U, Hendrawan I, et al (2016) Low-Carbon City Scenarios for DKI Jakarta Towards 2030. In: Jupesta J, Wakiyama T (eds) Low Carbon Urban Infrastructure Investment in Asian Cities. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 61–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Chile Creates 11 Million Acres Of New National Parks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Transportation Services: Better Dissemination and Oversight of DOT’s Guidance Could Lead to Improved Access for Limited English-Proficient Populations (Chinese Version). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darko-Mensah K (2019) Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Measure the Online Outsourcing Efficiency of Sub-Saharan African Countries. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2006) The Dog Wants to Go Out. Subversive Action Is Likely to Follow. New York Times 14LI12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation
AbbreviationIntegr. Mater. Manuf. Innov.
ISSN (print)2193-9764
ISSN (online)2193-9772

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