How to format your references using the Finance Research Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Finance Research Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prantzos, N., 2016. Cosmology: Rare isotopic insight into the Universe. Nature 529, 33–34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hsieh, H.H., Jewitt, D., 2006. A population of comets in the main asteroid belt. Science 312, 561–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, V.N., Kataoka, N., Dreyfuss, G., 2001. Role of the nonsense-mediated decay factor hUpf3 in the splicing-dependent exon-exon junction complex. Science 293, 1832–1836.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sullivan, C.S., Grundhoff, A.T., Tevethia, S., Pipas, J.M., Ganem, D., 2005. SV40-encoded microRNAs regulate viral gene expression and reduce susceptibility to cytotoxic T cells. Nature 435, 682–686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brauer, R.L., 2005. Safety and Health for Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Presta, L., 2015. Molybdenum Cofactors and Their role in the Evolution of Metabolic Pathways, SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Błocki, Z., 2014. A Lower Bound for the Bergman Kernel and the Bourgain-Milman Inequality, in: Klartag, B., Milman, E. (Eds.), Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis: Israel Seminar (GAFA) 2011-2013, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Finance Research Letters.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Thousands Of Galaxies On Death Row As They Are Stripped Of Their Gas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Railroad Safety--Responses to Posthearing Questions (No. GAO-07-610R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Golf, F., 2012. Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled B Y, 2004. Arts, Briefly; Rachmaninoff Score Unsold. New York Times E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prantzos, 2016).
This sentence cites two references (Hsieh and Jewitt, 2006; Prantzos, 2016).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hsieh and Jewitt, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Sullivan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFinance Research Letters
AbbreviationFin. Res. Lett.
ISSN (print)1544-6123

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