How to format your references using the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gascoigne NRJ. Immunology: Tolerance lies in the timing. Nature. 2014;515(7528):502-503.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Koos E, Willenbacher N. Capillary forces in suspension rheology. Science. 2011;331(6019):897-900.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sang L, Coller HA, Roberts JM. Control of the reversibility of cellular quiescence by the transcriptional repressor HES1. Science. 2008;321(5892):1095-1100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hsu C-W, Zhao J, Huang R, et al. Quantitative high-throughput profiling of environmental chemicals and drugs that modulate farnesoid X receptor. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6437.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Müller B, Van de Voorde M. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Human Health. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Calmet J, Geiselmann W, Müller-Quade J, eds. Mathematical Methods in Computer Science: Essays in Memory of Thomas Beth. Vol 5393. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Guerraoui R, Ruppert E. Linearizability Is Not Always a Safety Property. In: Noubir G, Raynal M, eds. Networked Systems: Second International Conference, NETYS 2014, Marrakech, Morocco, May 15-17, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:57-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. One In Four People Have Sexual Fantasies About AI Voice Assistants Like Siri. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/one-in-four-people-have-sexual-fantasies-about-ai-voice-assistants-like-siri/. Published April 7, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Flaws in Controls Over the Supplemental Security Income Computerized System Cause Millions in Erroneous Payments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dias J. Factors associated with poor oral health among older adults. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Anderson J. The Documentary Left Looks to the Right. New York Times. March 17, 2017:AR15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
AbbreviationPlast. Reconstr. Surg.
ISSN (print)0032-1052
ISSN (online)1529-4242
ScopeSurgery

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