How to format your references using the Integral Transforms and Special Functions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integral Transforms and Special Functions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgan JV. Comment on “Determining chondritic impactor size from the marine osmium isotope record.” Science. 2008;321:1158; author reply 1158.
A journal article with 2 authors
y Arcas BA, Fairhall A. Archaeology of type. Nature. 2001;411:997.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scales SJ, Finley MF, Scheller RH. Cell biology. Fusion without SNAREs? Science. 2001;294:1015–1016.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kong M, Fox CJ, Mu J, et al. The PP2A-associated protein alpha4 is an essential inhibitor of apoptosis. Science. 2004;306:695–698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao CL, Narayanamurthy V, Simha KRY. Applied Impact Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Fitter J. Neutron Scattering in Biology: Techniques and Applications. Gutberlet T, Katsaras J, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Fonseca B, Gonçalves R, Nunes RR, et al. BIZZY – A Social Game for Entrepreneurship Education. In: Zaphiris P, Ioannou A, editors. Learning and Collaboration Technologies. Technology-Rich Environments for Learning and Collaboration: First International Conference, LCT 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 33–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integral Transforms and Special Functions.

Blog post
Andrew D. I Spent The Past Seven Years Counting White Sharks – The Findings Are Troubling [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information and Technology Management: Achieving Sustained and Focused Governmentwide Leadership. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001. Report No.: GAO-01-583T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith BL. A Qualitative Study of Veteran Students’ Perspectives of Their Academic Experiences [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall A. Makeover Set for Police Building at Heart of a Sleeker Times Sq. New York Times. 2016 Feb 18;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegral Transforms and Special Functions
AbbreviationIntegral Transforms Spec. Funct.
ISSN (print)1065-2469
ISSN (online)1476-8291
Applied Mathematics

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