How to format your references using the Integral Transforms and Special Functions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integral Transforms and Special Functions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Humphries C. Adoptive cell therapy: Honing that killer instinct. Nature. 2013;504:S13-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hopkins R, Rausher MD. Pollinator-mediated selection on flower color allele drives reinforcement. Science. 2012;335:1090–1092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen J, Carlson BE, Del Genio AD. Evidence for strengthening of the tropical general circulation in the 1990s. Science. 2002;295:838–841.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sparks RSJ, Brown RJ, Field M, et al. Kimberlite ascent and eruption. Nature. 2007;450:E21; discussion E22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good PI. Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and R/S-Plus®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Andreescu T. 103 Trigonometry Problems: From the Training of the USA IMO Team. Feng Z, editor. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Sesham S, Sabat SL. Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Networks. In: Mishra AK, Johnson DL, editors. White Space Communication: Advances, Developments and Engineering Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 117–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integral Transforms and Special Functions.

Blog post
Andrew D. Awesome Timelapse Shows You The Life Cycle Of A Butterfly [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Basic Agreements With Educational Institutions or Nonprofit Organizations for Award of Research and Development Contracts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980. Report No.: B-200941. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez M. Successful emancipation of foster youth through the use of mentors: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L. The Whole Earth Is at Stake, but It’s Just a Game. New York Times. 1995 Sep 3;223.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegral Transforms and Special Functions
AbbreviationIntegral Transforms Spec. Funct.
ISSN (print)1065-2469
ISSN (online)1476-8291
Applied Mathematics

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