How to format your references using the Integral Transforms and Special Functions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integral Transforms and Special Functions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgan JA. Ecology. Looking beneath the surface. Science. 2002;298:1903–1904.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang X, Zhao M. Strain-induced phase transition and electron spin-polarization in graphene spirals. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5699.
A journal article with 3 authors
James A, Pitchford JW, Plank MJ. James et al. reply. Nature. 2013;500:E2-3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghani AC, Ferguson NM, Donnelly CA, et al. Predicted vCJD mortality in Great Britain. Nature. 2000;406:583–584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferguson N, Schneier B, Kohno T. Cryptography Engineering. Indianapolis, Indiana: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Aerts C. Asteroseismology. Christensen-Dalsgaard J, Kurtz DW, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Britt SL, Halley RE, Durband DB. Training and Development of Financial Education Program Staff. In: Durband DB, Britt SL, editors. Student Financial Literacy: Campus-Based Program Development. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. p. 37–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integral Transforms and Special Functions.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Space Junk Will Crash Into Indian Ocean In November. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Title I: Education Needs to Monitor States’ Scoring of Assessments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002. Report No.: GAO-02-393. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGary J. Gender and the poverty-conflict trap [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M. Business Leaders Urge Trump to Keep Shield in Place. New York Times. 2017 Sep 5;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegral Transforms and Special Functions
AbbreviationIntegral Transforms Spec. Funct.
ISSN (print)1065-2469
ISSN (online)1476-8291
Applied Mathematics

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