How to format your references using the Integral Transforms and Special Functions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integral Transforms and Special Functions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cale CM. Forensic DNA evidence is not infallible. Nature. 2015;526:611.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marone C, Richardson E. Geophysics. Do earthquakes rupture piece by piece or all together? Science. 2006;313:1748–1749.
A journal article with 3 authors
André P, Ward-Thompson D, Greaves J. Interferometric identification of a pre-brown dwarf. Science. 2012;337:69–72.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rosa PFS, Adriano C, Garitezi TM, et al. Site specific spin dynamics in BaFe2As2: tuning the ground state by orbital differentiation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen TH. Leaders and Innovators. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Menéndez AJ, Eriksen EO, editors. Arguing Fundamental Rights. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Frauwirth K. Glutamine Uptake and Immunomodulation: An Overview. In: Rajendram R, Preedy VR, Patel VB, editors. Glutamine in Clinical Nutrition. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integral Transforms and Special Functions.

Blog post
Andrew D. What Have Cats Ever Done For Us? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Energy and Science Reports and Testimony: 1992. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993. Report No.: RCED-93-131. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graves KA. An Exploration of Organizational Commitment among Generation X Leaders [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher S. Lowriding Culture Goes Global. New York Times. 2015 Dec 6;ST12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegral Transforms and Special Functions
AbbreviationIntegral Transforms Spec. Funct.
ISSN (print)1065-2469
ISSN (online)1476-8291
Applied Mathematics

Other styles