How to format your references using the Insurance Mathematics and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insurance Mathematics and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardie, D.G., 2007. Biochemistry. Balancing cellular energy. Science 315, 1671–1672.
A journal article with 2 authors
Czyzewski, B.K., Wang, D.-N., 2012. Identification and characterization of a bacterial hydrosulphide ion channel. Nature 483, 494–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shiu, R.-F., Chin, W.-C., Lee, C.-L., 2014. Carbonaceous particles reduce marine microgel formation. Sci. Rep. 4, 5856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, N.-J., Mirtsos, C., Suh, D., Lu, Y.-C., Lin, W.-J., McKerlie, C., Lee, T., Baribault, H., Tian, H., Yeh, W.-C., 2007. C5L2 is critical for the biological activities of the anaphylatoxins C5a and C3a. Nature 446, 203–207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Chouikha, M., 2016. Organizational Design for Knowledge Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gavrilova, M.L., Tan, C.J.K. (Eds.), 2014. Transactions on Computational Science XXII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakov, P., 2015. Web as a Corpus: Going Beyond the n-gram, in: Braslavski, P., Karpov, N., Worring, M., Volkovich, Y., Ignatov, D.I. (Eds.), Information Retrieval: 8th Russian Summer School, RuSSIR 2014, Nizhniy, Novgorod, Russia, August 18-22, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 185–228.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insurance Mathematics and Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Aliens Will Probably Be Machines, Not Little Green Men, Says SETI Expert [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Motor Vehicle Safety: NHTSA Should Resume Its Support of State Periodic Inspection Programs (No. RCED-90-175). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, C.D., 2010. Migration: Lighting to evoke human responses (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Callahan, K., 2011. Quotation Of The Day. New York Times A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardie, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Czyzewski and Wang, 2012; Hardie, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Czyzewski and Wang, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInsurance Mathematics and Economics
AbbreviationInsur. Math. Econ.
ISSN (print)0167-6687
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Statistics and Probability

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