How to format your references using the Insurance Mathematics and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insurance Mathematics and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, R., 2006. Flowers and fungi use scents to mimic each other. Science 311, 806–807.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, X., Perc, M., 2014. Excessive abundance of common resources deters social responsibility. Sci. Rep. 4, 4161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rood, R.T., Bania, T.M., Balser, D.S., 2002. Cosmology. The saga of 3He. Science 295, 804–805.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Macpherson, L.J., Dubin, A.E., Evans, M.J., Marr, F., Schultz, P.G., Cravatt, B.F., Patapoutian, A., 2007. Noxious compounds activate TRPA1 ion channels through covalent modification of cysteines. Nature 445, 541–545.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang, J., 2007. Six-Membered Transition States in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Voros, N.S., Rosti, A., Hübner, M. (Eds.), 2009. Dynamic System Reconfiguration in Heterogeneous Platforms: The MORPHEUS Approach, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahm, J., Gonsalves, A., 2012. “To Understand the news you need Science!” Girls’ Positioning and Subjectivity in and Beyond a Newsletter Activity in an Afterschool Science Program, in: Varelas, M. (Ed.), Identity Construction and Science Education Research: Learning, Teaching, and Being in Multiple Contexts. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insurance Mathematics and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Too Much Too Soon? What Should We Be Teaching Four-Year-Olds [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Aviation Safety: FAA’s Assessment of Pre-flight Service Technology Options (No. AIMD-94-137BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J.M., 2011. A recruitment campaign for Latino non-kin foster parents: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Perc, 2014; Kaiser, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Perc, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Macpherson et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInsurance Mathematics and Economics
AbbreviationInsur. Math. Econ.
ISSN (print)0167-6687
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Statistics and Probability

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