How to format your references using the Insurance Mathematics and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insurance Mathematics and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Downward, J., 2006. Signal transduction. Prelude to an anniversary for the RAS oncogene. Science 314, 433–434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Endy, D., Brent, R., 2001. Modelling cellular behaviour. Nature 409, 391–395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carporzen, L., Gilder, S.A., Hart, R.J., 2005. Palaeomagnetism of the Vredefort meteorite crater and implications for craters on Mars. Nature 435, 198–201.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kimple, R.J., Kimple, M.E., Betts, L., Sondek, J., Siderovski, D.P., 2002. Structural determinants for GoLoco-induced inhibition of nucleotide release by Galpha subunits. Nature 416, 878–881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ocic, O., 2004. Oil Refineries in the 21st Century. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Rajsingh, E.B., Bhojan, A., Peter, J.D. (Eds.), 2015. Informatics and Communication Technologies for Societal Development: Proceedings of ICICTS 2014. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Softic, S., Taraghi, B., Ebner, M., De Vocht, L., Mannens, E., Van de Walle, R., 2013. Monitoring Learning Activities in PLE Using Semantic Modelling of Learner Behaviour, in: Holzinger, A., Ziefle, M., Hitz, M., Debevc, M. (Eds.), Human Factors in Computing and Informatics: First International Conference, SouthCHI 2013, Maribor, Slovenia, July 1-3, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 74–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insurance Mathematics and Economics.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Scientists Take Sides Over Using Monkeys For Brain Research [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Motor Carrier Safety: New Applicant Reviews Should Expand to Identify Freight Carriers Evading Detection (No. GAO-12-364). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento-Wilson, M., 2012. The role of the speech-language pathologist and augmentative and alternative communication with acute care patients with severe communication impairments (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017. A Cry for Help as a Witness Recounts a Man’s Fall Onto the Subway Tracks. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Downward, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Downward, 2006; Endy and Brent, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Endy and Brent, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kimple et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInsurance Mathematics and Economics
AbbreviationInsur. Math. Econ.
ISSN (print)0167-6687
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Statistics and Probability

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