How to format your references using the Insectes Sociaux citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insectes Sociaux. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nori F (2009) Physics. Quantum football. Science 325:689–690
A journal article with 2 authors
Kimmins S, Sassone-Corsi P (2005) Chromatin remodelling and epigenetic features of germ cells. Nature 434:583–589
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak MA, Plotkin JB, Jansen VA (2000) The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature 404:495–498
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sinervo B, Méndez-de-la-Cruz F, Miles DB, et al (2010) Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches. Science 328:894–899

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta J (2016) Deactivation of Heavy Oil Hydroprocessing Catalysts. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
An edited book
Hübler O, Frohn J (eds) (2006) Modern Econometric Analysis: Surveys on Recent Developments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bruno D, Greco F, Lonetti P (2010) Dynamic Crack Propagation in Composite Structures. In: Öchsner A, Silva LFM da, Altenbach H (eds) Materials with Complex Behaviour: Modelling, Simulation, Testing, and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insectes Sociaux.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) Peacock Spider Dances To YMCA. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) K-12 Education: Education Needs to Improve Oversight of Its 21st Century Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Urquidi AJ (2015) Condolences to all of you: Late eulogies of a half-complacent birthday boy. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler M, Plumer B, Qiu L (2017) A Long List of Economic Burdens, Bolstered by Dubious Data. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nori 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kimmins and Sassone-Corsi 2005; Nori 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kimmins and Sassone-Corsi 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sinervo et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInsectes Sociaux
AbbreviationInsectes Soc.
ISSN (print)0020-1812
ISSN (online)1420-9098
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles