How to format your references using the Insectes Sociaux citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insectes Sociaux. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman SA (2012) Physico-genetic determinants in the evolution of development. Science 338:217–219
A journal article with 2 authors
Conrad CP, Lithgow-Bertelloni C (2002) How mantle slabs drive plate tectonics. Science 298:207–209
A journal article with 3 authors
Levy ED, Landry CR, Michnick SW (2010) Cell signaling. Signaling through cooperation. Science 328:983–984
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cattin M-F, Bersier L-F, Banasek-Richter C, et al (2004) Phylogenetic constraints and adaptation explain food-web structure. Nature 427:835–839

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham L (2015) Internal Control Audit and Compliance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fichera A, Krane MK (eds) (2015) Crohn’s Disease: Basic Principles. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Castro PF, Kulicki P (2014) Deontic Logics Based on Boolean Algebra. In: Trypuz R (ed) Krister Segerberg on Logic of Actions. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 85–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insectes Sociaux.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Hit Back At Scottish Ban On Growing GM Crops. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to the Department of the Air Force’s Budget Request. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borogovac A (2010) Novel method for superior detection of functional changes in CBF using arterial spin labeling fMRI. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2016) Older Bonobos Could Sure Use Some Glasses. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Newman 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Conrad and Lithgow-Bertelloni 2002; Newman 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conrad and Lithgow-Bertelloni 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Cattin et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInsectes Sociaux
AbbreviationInsectes Soc.
ISSN (print)0020-1812
ISSN (online)1420-9098
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles