How to format your references using the Insectes Sociaux citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insectes Sociaux. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldiss BW (2001) Desperately seeking aliens. Nature 409:1080–1082
A journal article with 2 authors
Elsner C, Abel B (2014) Ultrafast high-resolution mass spectrometric finger pore imaging in latent finger prints. Sci Rep 4:6905
A journal article with 3 authors
Son MY, Lee J-K, Kang YC (2014) Fabrication and electrochemical performance of 0.6Li2MnO3-0.4Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 microspheres by two-step spray-drying process. Sci Rep 4:5752
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Takayama T, Yaresko A, Matsumoto A, et al (2014) Spin-orbit coupling induced semi-metallic state in the 1/3 hole-doped hyper-kagome Na3Ir3O8. Sci Rep 4:6818

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eales L-J (2005) Immunology for Life Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Simeonov L, Chirila E (eds) (2006) Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Baldwin C (2007) Who needs Fact when you’ve got Narrative? The Case of P,C&S vs. United Kingdom. In: Werner W, Cao D (eds) Interpretation, Law and the Construction of Meaning: Collected Papers on Legal Interpretation in Theory, Adjudication and Political Practice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 85–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insectes Sociaux.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) After Rosetta, Japanese Mission Aims For An Asteroid In Search of Origins of Earth’s Water. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Space Operations: NASA’s Use of Information Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lapizco-Encinas GC (2009) Cooperative particle swarm optimization for combinatorial problems. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD (2017) Trump Imposes New Travel Ban on 7 Countries. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aldiss 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Aldiss 2001; Elsner and Abel 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elsner and Abel 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Takayama et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInsectes Sociaux
AbbreviationInsectes Soc.
ISSN (print)0020-1812
ISSN (online)1420-9098
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles