How to format your references using the Insectes Sociaux citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insectes Sociaux. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klar AJS (2002) Fibonacci’s flowers. Nature 417:595
A journal article with 2 authors
Rahman MA, Halfar J (2014) First evidence of chitin in calcified coralline algae: new insights into the calcification process of Clathromorphum compactum. Sci Rep 4:6162
A journal article with 3 authors
Vidale JE, Dodge DA, Earle PS (2000) Slow differential rotation of the Earth’s inner core indicated by temporal changes in scattering. Nature 405:445–448
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Peng Q, Guo J, Fu H, et al (2014) Degradation behavior of Mg-based biomaterials containing different long-period stacking ordered phases. Sci Rep 4:3620

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Danby FW (2014) Acne. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ngonga Ngomo A-C, Křemen P (eds) (2016) Knowledge Engineering and Semantic Web: 7th International Conference, KESW 2016, Prague, Czech Republic, September 21-23, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Farré M, Barceló D (2009) Biosensors for Aquatic Toxicology Evaluation. In: Barceló D, Hansen P-D (eds) Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring of Aquatic Systems: Bioanalytical and Chemical Methods for Endocrine Disruptors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 115–160

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insectes Sociaux.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) The Myth Of The “Singing Snakes” Turns Out To Be A New Frog Species. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) The High-Speed Rail Investment Act of 2001 (S. 250). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darko-Mensah K (2019) Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Measure the Online Outsourcing Efficiency of Sub-Saharan African Countries. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Klein JZ, Pilon M (2013) Long Goodbye: Contracts That Keep On Giving. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klar 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Klar 2002; Rahman and Halfar 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rahman and Halfar 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInsectes Sociaux
AbbreviationInsectes Soc.
ISSN (print)0020-1812
ISSN (online)1420-9098
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles