How to format your references using the Biomarkers in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomarkers in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer E. Physics. Controlling friction atom by atom. Science. 348(6239), 1089 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Poinar GO Jr, Danforth BN. A fossil bee from Early Cretaceous Burmese amber. Science. 314(5799), 614 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Giulini A, Wang J, Jackson D. Control of phyllotaxy by the cytokinin-inducible response regulator homologue ABPHYL1. Nature. 430(7003), 1031–1034 (2004).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Watanabe T, Suzuki A, Minobe S, et al. Permanent El Niño during the Pliocene warm period not supported by coral evidence. Nature. 471(7337), 209–211 (2011).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierce DR. Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Singh NN, editor. Handbook of Evidence-Based Practices in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bartnik R, Buryn Z. Algorithm for the Calculation of an Optimum Structure of Heat Exchangers for the Modernization of a 370 MW Power Unit to Combined Heat and Power Cycle. In: Conversion of Coal-Fired Power Plants to Cogeneration and Combined-Cycle: Thermal and Economic Effectiveness. Buryn Z (Ed.), Springer, London, 61–67 (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomarkers in Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. Supernovae Have Diverse Beginnings [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Follow-up Review on Assistance to War Victims in Vietnam. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarkissian LN. An examination of course-level factors contributing to student success. (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. The (Forever) New Romantics. New York Times, CT9 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomarkers in Medicine
AbbreviationBiomark. Med.
ISSN (print)1752-0363
ISSN (online)1752-0371
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Drug Discovery

Other styles