How to format your references using the Biomarkers in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomarkers in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Pharmacogenetics initiative galvanizes public and private sectors. Nature. 410(6826), 393–394 (2001).
A journal article with 2 authors
Webb J, Domanski M. Paleontology. Fire and stone. Science. 325(5942), 820–821 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Chadderton P, Margrie TW, Häusser M. Integration of quanta in cerebellar granule cells during sensory processing. Nature. 428(6985), 856–860 (2004).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Humbles AA, Lu B, Nilsson CA, et al. A role for the C3a anaphylatoxin receptor in the effector phase of asthma. Nature. 406(6799), 998–1001 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakshi AB, Prasanna VK. Architecture-Independent Programming for Wireless Sensor Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hoskins BL. Study of Movement Speeds Down Stairs. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Carmichael JC, Stamos MJ. Right Hemicolectomy and Ileocecectomy: Laparoscopic Approach. In: Advanced Techniques in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Colorectal Surgery. Bardakcioglu O (Ed.), Springer US, Boston, MA, 37–48 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomarkers in Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch Bill Nye Read Out Some Of The Hilarious Mean Tweets Sent To Him [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NSF Experiment in Research Grant Administration Promising. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
BenVau L. Effects of larval Nosema ceranae infection on adult honey bee (Apis mellifera) morphology and physiology. (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets’ Wheeler Lands on the D.L. With a Stress Injury. New York Times, B11 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomarkers in Medicine
AbbreviationBiomark. Med.
ISSN (print)1752-0363
ISSN (online)1752-0371
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Drug Discovery

Other styles