How to format your references using the Biomarkers in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomarkers in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gavaghan H. Biology moves into the silicon stage. Nature. 409(6822), 964 (2001).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ward LD, Kellis M. Evidence of abundant purifying selection in humans for recently acquired regulatory functions. Science. 337(6102), 1675–1678 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hattori Y, Tomonaga M, Matsuzawa T. Spontaneous synchronized tapping to an auditory rhythm in a chimpanzee. Sci. Rep. 3, 1566 (2013).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhao Z, Bao K, Li D, et al. Nitrogen concentration driving the hardness of rhenium nitrides. Sci. Rep. 4, 4797 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Scanlan EA. Fundraising Consultants. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
Baptista R, Leitao J, editors. Public Policies for Fostering Entrepreneurship: A European Perspective. Springer US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chumningan S, Pornputtapong N, Laoteng K, Cheevadhanarak S, Thammarongtham C. 3D Structure Modeling of a Transmembrane Protein, Fatty Acid Elongase. In: Computational Systems-Biology and Bioinformatics: First International Conference, CSBio 2010, Bangkok, Thailand, November 3-5, 2010. Proceedings. Chan JH, Ong Y-S, Cho S-B (Eds.). . Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 36–45 (2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomarkers in Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Tracking American Eels On The Open Sea To Crack The Mystery Of Their Migration [Internet]. IFLScience. (2016). Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tracking-american-eels-on-the-open-sea-to-crack-the-mystery-of-their-migration/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Deteriorating Cost and Schedule Performance Under the Prime Contract. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
San KA. Synthesis of Alkanethiolate-Capped Metal Nanoparticles Using Alkyl Thiosulfate Ligand Precursors for Selective Catalytic Reactions. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Drucker J, Lipton E, Haberman M. Trump’s Family Still Benefiting From Businesses. New York Times. , A1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomarkers in Medicine
AbbreviationBiomark. Med.
ISSN (print)1752-0363
ISSN (online)1752-0371
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Drug Discovery

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