How to format your references using the Biomarkers in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomarkers in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamionkowski M. Astrophysics: Gravity ripples chased. Nature. 460(7258), 964–965 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
Gatenby RA, Maini PK. Mathematical oncology: cancer summed up. Nature. 421(6921), 321 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
Kovács ÁM, Téglás E, Endress AD. The social sense: susceptibility to others’ beliefs in human infants and adults. Science. 330(6012), 1830–1834 (2010).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang Y, Huang F, Chen C-F, et al. Control self-assembly of hydrazide-based cyclic hexamers: in or out. Sci. Rep. 3, 1059 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guzik A. Essentials for Occupational Health Nursing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Kearley GJ, Peterson VK, editors. Neutron Applications in Materials for Energy. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke I. The Role of Procurement and SGEI After Altmark. In: Financing Services of General Economic Interest: Reform and Modernization. Szyszczak E, Gronden JW van de (Eds.), T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands, 69–84 (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomarkers in Medicine.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Astronomers Find Quasar With Temperatures Hotter Than Thought Possible. IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Leo Herbert, GAO, 1956-1974. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burgner J. Bullying prevention: A grant proposal. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. The Bus-Stop Guessing Game. New York Times, CY5 (2009).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomarkers in Medicine
AbbreviationBiomark. Med.
ISSN (print)1752-0363
ISSN (online)1752-0371
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Drug Discovery

Other styles