How to format your references using the Inorganics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inorganics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bygbjerg, I.C. Double Burden of Noncommunicable and Infectious Diseases in Developing Countries. Science 2012, 337, 1499–1501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jansen, M.; Letschert, H.P. Inorganic Yellow-Red Pigments without Toxic Metals. Nature 2000, 404, 980–982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Veríssimo, A.; Cochrane, M.A.; Souza, C., Jr Ecology. National Forests in the Amazon. Science 2002, 297, 1478.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jasti, J.; Furukawa, H.; Gonzales, E.B.; Gouaux, E. Structure of Acid-Sensing Ion Channel 1 at 1.9 A Resolution and Low PH. Nature 2007, 449, 316–323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birke, D. Social Networks and Their Economics; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781118699638.
An edited book
Reproductive Surgery in Assisted Conception; Metwally, M., Li, T.-C., Eds.; Springer: London, 2015; ISBN 9781447149521.
A chapter in an edited book
Malpass, J. Understanding the Risks of Forecasting. In Transforming Field and Service Operations: Methodologies for Successful Technology-Driven Business Transformation; Owusu, G., O’Brien, P., McCall, J., Doherty, N.F., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 71–83 ISBN 9783642449697.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inorganics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. How To Make A Cloud At Home (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Review of Expenditures of Federal Funds Granted Under the Community Service and Continuing Education Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1970;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao, L. Mathematical Modeling of Long-Term Productivity of Hydraulic- and HEG- Fractured Wells in Ultra-Low Permeability Reservoirs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu, W.; Remnick, N. City Requires Tower Checks; Outbreak Toll Climbs to 10. New York Times 2015, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInorganics
ISSN (online)2304-6740

Other styles