How to format your references using the Inorganics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inorganics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, E. Science Careers. A Self-Made Climber. Science 2008, 320, 1515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Majumder, M.A.; Cohen, C.B. Research Ethics. The NIH Draft Guidelines on Human Stem Cell Research. Science 2009, 324, 1648–1649.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin, A.; Baker, T.A.; Sauer, R.T. Rebuilt AAA + Motors Reveal Operating Principles for ATP-Fuelled Machines. Nature 2005, 437, 1115–1120.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kessel, R.; Schmidt, M.W.; Ulmer, P.; Pettke, T. Trace Element Signature of Subduction-Zone Fluids, Melts and Supercritical Liquids at 120-180 Km Depth. Nature 2005, 437, 724–727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bojar, R.M. Manual of Perioperative Care in Adult Cardiac Surgery; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010; ISBN 9781444325287.
An edited book
Formal Aspects of Security and Trust: 7th International Workshop, FAST 2010, Pisa, Italy, September 16-17, 2010. Revised Selected Papers; Degano, P., Etalle, S., Guttman, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 6561; ISBN 9783642197505.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsang, S.K.M.; Hui, E.K. Preventing and Combating School Bullying: A Conceptual Review. In Student Well-Being in Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong: Theory, Intervention and Research; Lee, T.Y., Shek, D.T.L., Sun, R.C.F., Eds.; Quality of Life in Asia; Springer: Singapore, 2015; pp. 47–58 ISBN 9789812875815.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inorganics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Dark Matter Map From Hubble’s Frontier Fields Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Surface Transportation Security: TSA Has Taken Actions to Manage Risk, Improve Coordination, and Measure Performance, but Additional Actions Would Enhance Its Efforts; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall, R. Department of Children and Family Services Workers’ Knowledge of Childhood Obesity and Services for Obese Children. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C. A Jacobean Hit Man Who Doesn’t Want Cash. New York Times 2016, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInorganics
ISSN (online)2304-6740

Other styles