How to format your references using the Human Resources for Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resources for Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Olson MV. Genome-sequencing anniversary. What does a “normal” human genome look like? Science. 2011;331:872.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Abrams NE, Primack JR. Essays on science and society. Cosmology and 21st-century culture. Science. 2001;293:1769–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ahrestani FS, Hebblewhite M, Post E. The importance of observation versus process error in analyses of global ungulate populations. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3125.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Montrose K, Yang Y, Sun X, Wiles S, Krissansen GW. Xentry, a new class of cell-penetrating peptide uniquely equipped for delivery of drugs. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sauter M. From GSM to LTE-Advanced. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Pointcheval D, Nitaj A, Rachidi T, editors. Progress in Cryptology – AFRICACRYPT 2016: 8th International Conference on Cryptology in Africa, Fes, Morocco, April 13-15, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Niu Y, Qiu X. The Global-Local Mental Rotation in Divided Attention Paradigm. In: Liu D, Alippi C, Zhao D, Hussain A, editors. Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems: 6th International Conference, BICS 2013, Beijing, China, June 9-11, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 30–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resources for Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How To Make A Mini Rocketship With A Match And Some Tinfoil [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/become-rocket-scientist-household-materials/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Management and Technical Weaknesses Must Be Corrected If Modernization Is to Succeed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Jul. Report No.: AIMD-95-156.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hagarty EP. A predictive risk modeling system for the management of small-scale water and wastewater facilities: Toward long-term sustainability of our national parks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Case on Police Searches Pits State Laws Against Federal. New York Times. 2008 Jan 15;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resources for Health
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Health
ISSN (online)1478-4491
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Public Administration

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