How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2003. “Redressing the Balance.” Nature 424 (6948): 593.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ashworth, Allan C., and F. Christian Thompson. 2003. “Palaeontology: A Fly in the Biogeographic Ointment.” Nature 423 (6936): 135–136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kicheva, Anna, Michael Cohen, and James Briscoe. 2012. “Developmental Pattern Formation: Insights from Physics and Biology.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6104): 210–212.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Eder, Franz R., Jani Kotakoski, Ute Kaiser, and Jannik C. Meyer. 2014. “A Journey from Order to Disorder - Atom by Atom Transformation from Graphene to a 2D Carbon Glass.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4060.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff, Nicholas P. 2013. Industrial Gas Flaring Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Picci, Piero, Marco Manfrini, Nicola Fabbri, Marco Gambarotti, and Daniel Vanel, eds. 2014. Atlas of Musculoskeletal Tumors and Tumorlike Lesions: The Rizzoli Case Archive. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Krishnaswamy, Smita, Igor L. Markov, and John P. Hayes. 2013. “Testing Logic Circuits for Probabilistic Faults.” In Design, Analysis and Test of Logic Circuits Under Uncertainty, edited by Igor L. Markov and John P. Hayes, 53–61. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “New Estimate Suggests 100 Million Planets In Our Galaxy Capable Of Sustaining Complex Life.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Grant Programs: Design Features Shape Flexibility, Accountability, and Performance Information. GGD-98-137. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsueh, Teli. 2012. “ENV9, a Novel Gene in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Is Responsible for the Pleiotropic Phenotype of Env9Δ and Encodes a Membrane Protein That Is Localized to Lipid Droplets.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, George. 2015. “When Radiation Isn’t the Risk.” New York Times, September 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Ashworth and Thompson 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ashworth and Thompson 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kicheva, Cohen, and Briscoe 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Eder et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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