How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, Jonathan A. 2008. “Ecology. How the Sahara Became Dry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5877): 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsuji, Kaori, and Kiichiro Tsutani. 2008. “Follow the Leader.” Nature 453 (7197): 851–852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeffery, William R., Allen G. Strickler, and Yoshiyuki Yamamoto. 2004. “Migratory Neural Crest-like Cells Form Body Pigmentation in a Urochordate Embryo.” Nature 431 (7009): 696–699.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu, Chao-Fei, Heng Fan, Shih-Chuan Gou, and Wu-Ming Liu. 2014. “Crystallized and Amorphous Vortices in Rotating Atomic-Molecular Bose-Einstein Condensates.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, Daniel. 2012. Mobile Video with Mobile IPv6. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schnidman, Evan A. 2016. How the Fed Moves Markets: Central Bank Analysis for the Modern Era. Edited by William D. MacMillan. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Garde-Hansen, Joanne, Lindsey McEwen, and Owain Jones. 2016. “Towards a Memo-Techno-Ecology: Mediating Memories of Extreme Flooding in Resilient Communities.” In Memory in a Mediated World: Remembrance and Reconstruction, edited by Andrea Hajek, Christine Lohmeier, and Christian Pentzold, 55–73. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “5 Sources Of Body Odor That Aren’t Just Caused By Sweat.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Aviation Security: Efforts to Measure Effectiveness and Address Challenges. GAO-04-232T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farnham, Rodrigo Bouchardet. 2012. “Processing and Inpainting of Sparse Data as Applied to Atomic Force Microscopy Imaging.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2015. “A Comic Book in the Company of Masterpieces.” New York Times, December 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Holmes 2008; Tsuji and Tsutani 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsuji and Tsutani 2008)
  • Three authors: (Jeffery, Strickler, and Yamamoto 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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