How to format your references using the Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gangopadhyay, Samudra S. 2013. “Systemic Administration of Follistatin288 Increases Muscle Mass and Reduces Fat Accumulation in Mice.” Scientific Reports 3: 2441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolpert, Lewis, and Eörs Szathmáry. 2002. “Multicellularity: Evolution and the Egg.” Nature 420 (6917): 745.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Ze-Rui, Wei Li, and Hao Long. 2014. “Readministration of EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients after Initial Failure, What Affects Its Efficacy?” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 5996.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nowack, K. C., F. H. L. Koppens, Yu V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen. 2007. “Coherent Control of a Single Electron Spin with Electric Fields.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5855): 1430–1433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunker, Guy, and Darren Thomson. 2006. Delivering Utility Computing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Serna, Maria, ed. 2012. Algorithmic Game Theory: 5th International Symposium, SAGT 2012, Barcelona, Spain, October 22-23, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7615. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Celata, Filippo, and Raffaella Coletti. 2015. “Cross-Border Cooperation Along the EU’s External Frontiers.” In Neighbourhood Policy and the Construction of the European External Borders, edited by Filippo Celata and Raffaella Coletti, 103–137. GeoJournal Library. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Titan’s Atmosphere May Have Formed Before Saturn.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Longer Combination Vehicles: Potential Infrastructure Impacts, Productivity Benefits, and Safety Concerns. T-RCED-94-306. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oakes, Amy Christine. 2006. “States in Crisis: How Governments Respond to Domestic Unrest.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2017. “The Russian Revolution, Without Fiction.” New York Times, May 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gangopadhyay 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gangopadhyay 2013; Wolpert and Szathmáry 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolpert and Szathmáry 2002)
  • Three authors: (Zhao, Li, and Long 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nowack et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
AbbreviationInnovation (Abingdon)
ISSN (print)1351-1610
ISSN (online)1469-8412
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Geography, Planning and Development

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