How to format your references using the Journal of Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brin D (2000) Reality check. Nature 404:229
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams BRG, Sen GC (2003) Immunology. A viral on/off switch for interferon. Science 300:1100–1101
A journal article with 3 authors
Erol V, Ozaydin F, Altintas AA (2014) Analysis of entanglement measures and LOCC maximized quantum Fisher information of general two qubit systems. Sci Rep 4:5422
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bi K, Guo Y, Liu X, et al (2014) Magnetically tunable Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials. Sci Rep 4:7001

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chartered Institute of Building (2014) Code of Practice for Project Management for Construction and Development. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Ladewig B (2012) Desalination Concentrate Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bleiweiss A, Werman M (2009) Fusing Time-of-Flight Depth and Color for Real-Time Segmentation and Tracking. In: Kolb A, Koch R (eds) Dynamic 3D Imaging: DAGM 2009 Workshop, Dyn3D 2009, Jena, Germany, September 9, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 58–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nephrology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Here’s What Life Will Be Like In 2022, According To IBM. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Human Capital: Agencies Should More Fully Evaluate the Costs and Benefits of Executive Training. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasan SN (2012) Design and optimization of 2012 Formula SAE chassis with finite element analysis for CSULB. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Story L, Walsh MW (2010) U.S. Is Said To Seek Way To Cut Ties With A.I.G. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nephrology
AbbreviationJ. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1121-8428
ISSN (online)1724-6059

Other styles