How to format your references using the Journal of Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen J (2000) High-temperature superconductivity. Stripes defeat the Fermi liquid. Nature 404:714–715
A journal article with 2 authors
DeConto RM, Pollard D (2003) Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2. Nature 421:245–249
A journal article with 3 authors
Thürmer K, Williams E, Reutt-Robey J (2002) Autocatalytic oxidation of lead crystallite surfaces. Science 297:2033–2035
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sinervo B, Méndez-de-la-Cruz F, Miles DB, et al (2010) Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches. Science 328:894–899

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf B (2006) The Semantic Web. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Seong T-Y, Han J, Amano H, Morkoc H (2013) III-Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Schlesinger TE (2015) Device Clinical Trials. In: Nasir A (ed) Clinical Dermatology Trials 101: A Primer for Dermatologists. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nephrology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Newly-Discovered “Bat Frog” Named After Ozzy Osbourne. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Independent Estimate of Total Annual Costs Associated With Government Owned and Used ADP Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hutson MD (2015) Three Essays on Macroeconomic Forecasting. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Park LS (2011) No Safe Place. New York Times BR16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nephrology
AbbreviationJ. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1121-8428
ISSN (online)1724-6059

Other styles