How to format your references using the Micro and Nano Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Micro and Nano Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.E. Vinogradov, Testing genome complexity, Science. 304 (2004) 389–90; author reply 389-90.
A journal article with 2 authors
O. Wiest, P. Helquist, Chemistry. Striking a balance to control stereochemistry, Science. 333 (2011) 1831–1832.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Chen, K.L. Dürr, E. Gouaux, X-ray structures of AMPA receptor-cone snail toxin complexes illuminate activation mechanism, Science. 345 (2014) 1021–1026.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Nakanotani, K. Masui, J. Nishide, T. Shibata, C. Adachi, Promising operational stability of high-efficiency organic light-emitting diodes based on thermally activated delayed fluorescence, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.W. Sears, K.M. Chard, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
K.-Q. Zhang, K.D. Hyde, eds., Nematode-Trapping Fungi, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Nahle, N. Malouch, Placement Algorithms for WiMAX Mesh Network, in: S. Balandin, D. Moltchanov, Y. Koucheryavy (Eds.), Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networking: 8th International Conference, NEW2AN and 1st Russian Conference on Smart Spaces, RuSMART 2008 St. Petersburg, Russia, September 3-5, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Micro and Nano Engineering.

Blog post
R. Andrews, The US Army Is Working On A Real-Life Hoverbike, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Data Processing: SBA Needs To Strengthen Management of Its Computer Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Zhang, Roles of serotonin 2A receptor in a serotonin syndrome, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, Sharing the Wealth as a Comic Book Goes Hollywood, New York Times. (2013) BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicro and Nano Engineering
ISSN (print)2590-0072

Other styles