How to format your references using the Micro and Nano Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Micro and Nano Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Anthes, Treatment: Marginal gains, Nature. 508 (2014) S54-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Srivastava, K.N. Ivey, Potential of stem-cell-based therapies for heart disease, Nature. 441 (2006) 1097–1099.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Alfe, M.J. Gillan, G.D. Price, Constraints on the composition of the Earth’s core from ab initio calculations, Nature. 405 (2000) 172–175.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. van de Koppel, J.C. Gascoigne, G. Theraulaz, M. Rietkerk, W.M. Mooij, P.M.J. Herman, Experimental evidence for spatial self-organization and its emergent effects in mussel bed ecosystems, Science. 322 (2008) 739–742.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Garde, D. Aelenei, L. Aelenei, A. Scognamiglio, J. Ayoub, Solution Sets for Net-Zero Energy Buildings, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2017.
An edited book
V. Popovich, C. Claramunt, M. Schrenk, K. Korolenko, J. Gensel, eds., Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems (IF&GIS’ 2015): Deep Virtualization for Mobile GIS, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Bandieramonte, A. Di Stefano, G. Morana, An ACO Inspired Strategy to Improve Jobs Scheduling in a Grid Environment, in: A.G. Bourgeois, S.Q. Zheng (Eds.), Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 8th International Conference, ICA3PP 2008, Cyprus, June 9-11, 2008 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 30–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Micro and Nano Engineering.

Blog post
R. Andrews, We Finally Know When One Of The Most Explosive Eruptions Ever Took Place, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Electronic Government: Selection and Implementation of the Office of Management and Budget’s 24 Initiatives, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.M. Roth, Depositional Environment of the Carbonate Cap Rock at the Pine Prairie Field, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana: Implications of Salt Diapirism on Cook Mountain Reservoir Genesis, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L.F. Burghardt, One-of-a-Kind Gifts, All Made by Hand, New York Times. (2005) 14LI17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicro and Nano Engineering
ISSN (print)2590-0072

Other styles