How to format your references using the Information Systems and e-Business Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems and e-Business Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell TP (2002) Surface-responsive materials. Science 297:964–967
A journal article with 2 authors
Goring DR, Walker JC (2004) Plant sciences. Self-rejection--a new kinase connection. Science 303:1474–1475
A journal article with 3 authors
Noble MEM, Endicott JA, Johnson LN (2004) Protein kinase inhibitors: insights into drug design from structure. Science 303:1800–1805
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mercado LM, Bellouin N, Sitch S, et al (2009) Impact of changes in diffuse radiation on the global land carbon sink. Nature 458:1014–1017

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mahlberg R, Gilles A, Läsch A (2004) Hämatologie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Yu M-H (2012) Computational Plasticity: With Emphasis on the Application of the Unified Strength Theory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ben-Ari M (2009) Tool Presentation: Teaching Concurrency and Model Checking. In: Păsăreanu CS (ed) Model Checking Software: 16th International SPIN Workshop, Grenoble, France, June 26-28, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 6–11

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems and e-Business Management.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Sabercats Used Their Jaws Like Can Openers. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sabercats-used-their-jaws-can-openers/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Global Positioning System: Production Should Be Limited Until Receiver Reliability Problems Are Resolved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamberlain AD (2014) Policy and Behavior: Essays in Applied Microeconomics. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) A Life in Art. New York Times BR6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Russell 2002; Goring and Walker 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goring and Walker 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mercado et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems and e-Business Management
ISSN (print)1617-9846
ISSN (online)1617-9854
ScopeInformation Systems

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