How to format your references using the Information Systems and e-Business Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems and e-Business Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally RJ (2006) Psychology. Psychiatric casualties of war. Science 313:923–924
A journal article with 2 authors
Luan B, Robbins MO (2005) The breakdown of continuum models for mechanical contacts. Nature 435:929–932
A journal article with 3 authors
McMahon SM, Miller KH, Drake J (2001) Social science and ecology. Networking tips for social scientists and ecologists. Science 293:1604–1605
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Geddes CGR, Toth CS, Van Tilborg J, et al (2004) High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding. Nature 431:538–541

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooker J (2000) Logic-Based Methods for Optimization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Koronacki J, Raś ZW, Wierzchoń ST, Kacprzyk J (eds) (2010) Advances in Machine Learning I: Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Ryszard S.Michalski. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Blankertz B, Tangermann M, Popescu F, et al (2008) The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface. In: Zurada JM, Yen GG, Wang J (eds) Computational Intelligence: Research Frontiers: IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2008, Hong Kong, China, June 1-6, 2008, Plenary/Invited Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 79–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems and e-Business Management.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Spacetime Foam Discovery Proves Einstein Right. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Access to Arts Education: Inclusion of Additional Questions in Education’s Planned Research Would Help Explain Why Instruction Time Has Decreased for Some Students. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mac Garrigle EF (2006) A validation of the enterprise management engineering approach to knowledge management systems engineering. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2001) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Chechnya Death Toll. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNally 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Luan and Robbins 2005; McNally 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luan and Robbins 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Geddes et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems and e-Business Management
ISSN (print)1617-9846
ISSN (online)1617-9854
ScopeInformation Systems

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