How to format your references using the Information Systems and e-Business Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems and e-Business Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snyder SH (2005) Obituary: Julius Axelrod (1912-2004). Nature 433:593
A journal article with 2 authors
Tapscott SJ, Thornton CA (2001) Biomedicine. Reconstructing myotonic dystrophy. Science 293:816–817
A journal article with 3 authors
Walsh KJ, Richardson DC, Michel P (2008) Rotational breakup as the origin of small binary asteroids. Nature 454:188–191
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Maizel A, Busch MA, Tanahashi T, et al (2005) The floral regulator LEAFY evolves by substitutions in the DNA binding domain. Science 308:260–263

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Polushkin V (2005) Nuclear Electronics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hasenauer H (ed) (2006) Sustainable Forest Management: Growth Models for Europe. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder M, Barman RN (2013) Application of Artificial Neural Networks in Short-Term Rainfall Forecasting. In: Majumder M, Barman RN (eds) Application of Nature Based Algorithm in Natural Resource Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 43–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems and e-Business Management.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Even Without The Asteroid, Dinosaurs Faced Double Doom. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) The School Dropout Problem. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paik Y (2012) Redefining multidisciplinary teams: An institutional approach. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) A New Bag, A New Space. New York Times E9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snyder 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Tapscott and Thornton 2001; Snyder 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tapscott and Thornton 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Maizel et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems and e-Business Management
ISSN (print)1617-9846
ISSN (online)1617-9854
ScopeInformation Systems

Other styles