How to format your references using the Information Systems and e-Business Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems and e-Business Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amelin Y (2005) Geochemistry. A tale of early Earth told in zircons. Science 310:1914–1915
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsymbal EY, Kohlstedt H (2006) Applied physics. Tunneling across a ferroelectric. Science 313:181–183
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu L, Li X-Q, Sun Q-F (2014) Revisit the spin-FET: multiple reflection, inelastic scattering, and lateral size effects. Sci Rep 4:7527
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lee W, Jiang Z, Liu J, et al (2010) The mutation spectrum revealed by paired genome sequences from a lung cancer patient. Nature 465:473–477

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2010) Guidelines for Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Giesy JP, Solomon KR (eds) (2014) Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Werth G, Gheorghe VN, Major FG (2009) Microwave Spectroscopy. In: Gheorghe VN, Major FG (eds) Charged Particle Traps II: Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–128

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems and e-Business Management.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) An “Emotional AI” Is Being Developed By A Team Of Russian Researchers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) D.C. Nonappropriated Revenue. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Finnegan RJ (2010) Information food webs: A quantitative inquiry using a biological food web methodology. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinhauer J, Thrush G, Pear R (2017) How a Health Care Bill Failed: G.O.P. Divisions and a Fed-Up President. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amelin 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Amelin 2005; Tsymbal and Kohlstedt 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsymbal and Kohlstedt 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems and e-Business Management
ISSN (print)1617-9846
ISSN (online)1617-9854
ScopeInformation Systems

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