How to format your references using the Information Systems and e-Business Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems and e-Business Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marcus GF (2004) Before the word. Nature 431:745
A journal article with 2 authors
Wells JA, McClendon CL (2007) Reaching for high-hanging fruit in drug discovery at protein-protein interfaces. Nature 450:1001–1009
A journal article with 3 authors
Hibbins AP, Evans BR, Sambles JR (2005) Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons. Science 308:670–672
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zou Z, Ye J, Sayama K, Arakawa H (2001) Direct splitting of water under visible light irradiation with an oxide semiconductor photocatalyst. Nature 414:625–627

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quéguiner B (2016) The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Camacho AG, Díaz JI, Fernández J (eds) (2008) Earth Sciences and Mathematics: Volume 1. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Bakhshi R, Fokkink W, Pang J, van de Pol J (2008) Leader Election in Anonymous Rings: Franklin Goes Probabilistic. In: Ausiello G, Karhumäki J, Mauri G, Ong L (eds) Fifth Ifip International Conference On Theoretical Computer Science – Tcs 2008. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 57–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems and e-Business Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Greedy Galaxy is Getting Bigger. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Aircraft Certification: Limited Progress on Developing International Design Standards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goetz SB (2014) Perceptions toward a restraint-free practice: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) ‘Game of Thrones’ Spinoffs From HBO. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marcus 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Marcus 2004; Wells and McClendon 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wells and McClendon 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zou et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems and e-Business Management
ISSN (print)1617-9846
ISSN (online)1617-9854
ScopeInformation Systems

Other styles