How to format your references using the Information Systems and e-Business Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems and e-Business Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin G (2010) Astronomy. A dance of extrasolar planets. Science 330:47–48
A journal article with 2 authors
Tewksbury JJ, Nabhan GP (2001) Seed dispersal. Directed deterrence by capsaicin in chilies. Nature 412:403–404
A journal article with 3 authors
Fowler AG, Devitt SJ, Jones C (2013) Surface code implementation of block code state distillation. Sci Rep 3:1939
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Buxton JL, Suderman M, Pappas JJ, et al (2014) Human leukocyte telomere length is associated with DNA methylation levels in multiple subtelomeric and imprinted loci. Sci Rep 4:4954

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai Y (2012) Practical Database Programming with Visual Basic.NET. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Acha EM (2015) Ecological Processes at Marine Fronts: Oases in the ocean. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gonçalves RC, Pereira J, Jiménez-Peris R (2016) An RDMA Middleware for Asynchronous Multi-stage Shuffling in Analytical Processing. In: Jelasity M, Kalyvianaki E (eds) Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 16th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2016, Held as Part of the 11th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2016, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 6-9, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems and e-Business Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) This Is Our First Image Of The TRAPPIST-1 System. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/this-is-our-first-image-of-the-trappist-1-system/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Reimbursable Space Act Agreements: NASA Generally Adhering to Fair Reimbursement Controls, but Guidance on Waived Cost Justifications Needs Refinement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharp LM (2009) Creative nonfiction illuminated: Cross-disciplinary spotlights. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Megalogenis G (2017) Australia’s leftward turn. New York Times 0

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laughlin 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Tewksbury and Nabhan 2001; Laughlin 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tewksbury and Nabhan 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Buxton et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems and e-Business Management
ISSN (print)1617-9846
ISSN (online)1617-9854
ScopeInformation Systems

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