How to format your references using the Journal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jerolmack, D. J. (2013). Planetary science. Pebbles on Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6136), 1055–1056.
A journal article with 2 authors
Straub, T., & Becker, P. B. (2013). Comment on “Drosophila dosage compensation involves enhanced Pol II recruitment to male X-linked promoters.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurland, C. G., Collins, L. J., & Penny, D. (2006). Genomics and the irreducible nature of eukaryote cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1011–1014.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ferguson, A. D., Chakraborty, R., Smith, B. S., Esser, L., van der Helm, D., & Deisenhofer, J. (2002). Structural basis of gating by the outer membrane transporter FecA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5560), 1715–1719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer, G., & Vovk, V. (2005). Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game! Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pattaro, E., Canale, D., Grossi, P., Hofmann, H., & Riley, P. (Eds.). (2009). A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence: Vol. 9: A History of the Philosophy of Law in the Civil Law World, 1600-1900; Vol. 10: The Philosophers’ Philosophy of Law from the Seventeenth Century to our Days (1st ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Was, G. S., & Allen, T. R. (2007). RADIATION DAMAGE FROM DIFFERENT PARTICLE TYPES. In K. E. Sickafus, E. A. Kotomin, & B. P. Uberuaga (Eds.), Radiation Effects in Solids (pp. 65–98). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 1). ESPN Suspends Reporter For Defending Evolution on Twitter. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Social Security: Observations on Improving Distribution of Death Information (No. GAO-02-233T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer, G. C. (2012). Best Practices for Student Success on the ACT (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davidson, A. (2013, October 30). Who Is Betting On Obamacare? New York Times, p. MM36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jerolmack, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Jerolmack, 2013; Straub & Becker, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Straub & Becker, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Kurland, Collins, & Penny, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ferguson et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science
ISSN (print)2163-9159
ISSN (online)2163-9167

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