How to format your references using the Journal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giacovazzo, C. (2011). Herbert Hauptman (1917-2011). Nature, 479(7373), 300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ikegami, T., & Ganesh, G. (2014). Watching novice action degrades expert motor performance: causation between action production and outcome prediction of observed actions by humans. Scientific Reports, 4, 6989.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhong, Y., Zhang, L., & Su, D. (2000). Collaborations tailored for bioinformatics projects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5499), 2074a.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huang, Y., Duan, X., Wei, Q., & Lieber, C. M. (2001). Directed assembly of one-dimensional nanostructures into functional networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 630–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, B. G. (2013). Wealth Exposed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Márquez, A., Ramos, P., & Urrutia, J. (Eds.). (2012). Computational Geometry: XIV Spanish Meeting on Computational Geometry, EGC 2011, Dedicated to Ferran Hurtado on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, June 27-30, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7579). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rambousky, R., & Garbe, H. (2014). Analysis of Open TEM-Waveguide Structures. In F. Sabath & E. L. Mokole (Eds.), Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 10 (pp. 49–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 5). Look Up! Your Guide To Some Of The Best Meteor Showers For 2017. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Need for Improvements in the Automated Payroll System of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (FGMSD-75-31). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shetter, R. M. (2012). Assaulting the littorals: The development and evolution of a dedicated American amphibious assault force [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goff, P. A., & Buchanan, K. S. (2017, June 21). The Wrong Role for The Police. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giacovazzo, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Giacovazzo, 2011; Ikegami & Ganesh, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ikegami & Ganesh, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zhong et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Huang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science
ISSN (print)2163-9159
ISSN (online)2163-9167

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