How to format your references using the Information Security Technical Report citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Security Technical Report. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson K. Astronomy. Infant globular clusters. Science. 2002 Aug 2;297(5582):776–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hespos SJ, Spelke ES. Conceptual precursors to language. Nature. 2004 Jul 22;430(6998):453–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storey M, Duncan RA, Swisher CC 3rd. Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic. Science. 2007 Apr 27;316(5824):587–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Avinun-Kalish M, Heiblum M, Zarchin O, Mahalu D, Umansky V. Crossover from “mesoscopic” to “universal” phase for electron transmission in quantum dots. Nature. 2005 Jul 28;436(7050):529–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sestina JE. Planning a Successful Future. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Ourselin S, Alexander DC, Westin C-F, Cardoso MJ, editors. Information Processing in Medical Imaging: 24th International Conference, IPMI 2015, Sabhal Mor Ostaig, Isle of Skye, UK, June 28 - July 3, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9123).
A chapter in an edited book
Gaskó N, Lung RI, Dumitrescu D. Strong Berge and Strong Berge Pareto Equilibrium Detection Using an Evolutionary Approach. In: Precup R-E, Kovács S, Preitl S, Petriu EM, editors. Applied Computational Intelligence in Engineering and Information Technology: Revised and Selected Papers from the 6th IEEE International Symposium on Applied Computational Intelligence and Informatics SACI 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 51–8. (Topics in Intelligent Engineering and Informatics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Security Technical Report.

Blog post
Andrew E. A ‘Bionic Leaf’ Turns Solar Energy Into Chemicals And Fuels [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Follow up Review of Automatic Data Processing Activities Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Nov. Report No.: B-162407(6).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillaspy KM. Words of Samsara [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Strictly (Upscale) Takeout. New York Times. 2008 Dec 7;NJ15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson 2002; Hespos and Spelke 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hespos and Spelke 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Avinun-Kalish et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Security Technical Report
AbbreviationInf. Secur. Tech. Rep.
ISSN (print)1363-4127
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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