How to format your references using the Information Security Technical Report citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Security Technical Report. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Croce R. Structural biology. A close view of photosystem I. Science. 2015 May 29;348(6238):970–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lohmann U, Lesins G. Stronger constraints on the anthropogenic indirect aerosol effect. Science. 2002 Nov 1;298(5595):1012–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wiedenheft B, Sternberg SH, Doudna JA. RNA-guided genetic silencing systems in bacteria and archaea. Nature. 2012 Feb 15;482(7385):331–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hessa T, Meindl-Beinker NM, Bernsel A, Kim H, Sato Y, Lerch-Bader M, et al. Molecular code for transmembrane-helix recognition by the Sec61 translocon. Nature. 2007 Dec 13;450(7172):1026–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl B, Herrenknecht M, Maidl U, Wehrmeyer G. Maschineller Tunnelbau im Schildvortrieb. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
Chakrabarti G. Green Investing: The Case of India. Sen C, editor. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. (SpringerBriefs in Finance).
A chapter in an edited book
de Wilde JJFE. Begoniaceae. In: Kubitzki K, editor. Flowering Plants Eudicots: Sapindales, Cucurbitales, Myrtaceae. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 56–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Security Technical Report.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. This Video Relives The Moment We Landed On A Moon In The Outer Solar System [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Assessing Social Program Impact Evaluations: A Checklist Approach. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Oct. Report No.: PAD-79-2.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trantham LC. PSA surveillance following radical prostatectomy: What we know and why it matters [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ, Corkery M. Sale at Lord & Taylor: Start-Up Is Moving In. New York Times. 2017 Oct 24;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Croce 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lohmann and Lesins 2002; Croce 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lohmann and Lesins 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hessa et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Security Technical Report
AbbreviationInf. Secur. Tech. Rep.
ISSN (print)1363-4127
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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