How to format your references using the Information Security Technical Report citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Security Technical Report. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clutton-Brock T. Breeding together: kin selection and mutualism in cooperative vertebrates. Science. 2002 Apr 5;296(5565):69–72.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robbins DW, Hartwig JF. A simple, multidimensional approach to high-throughput discovery of catalytic reactions. Science. 2011 Sep 9;333(6048):1423–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell MW, Lundeen JS, Steinberg AM. Super-resolving phase measurements with a multiphoton entangled state. Nature. 2004 May 13;429(6988):161–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Honda H, Yokoyama T, Akimoto Y, Tanimoto H, Teramoto M, Teramoto H. The frequent shift to intermediate flora in preterm delivery cases after abnormal vaginal flora screening. Sci Rep. 2014 Apr 25;4:4799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubé J, Legros D. Spatial Econometrics Using Microdata. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Longuski JM. Optimal Control with Aerospace Applications. Guzmán JJ, Prussing JE, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. (Space Technology Library; vol. 32).
A chapter in an edited book
Skrabanek P, Majerík F. Simplified Version of White Wine Grape Berries Detector Based on SVM and HOG Features. In: Silhavy R, Senkerik R, Oplatkova ZK, Silhavy P, Prokopova Z, editors. Artificial Intelligence Perspectives in Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the 5th Computer Science On-line Conference 2016 (CSOC2016), Vol 1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 35–45. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Security Technical Report.

Blog post
Taub B. Crystal Meth In Adelaide’s Sewage Has Doubled In Four Years [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Departmental Leadership Crucial to Success of Investment Reforms at Interior. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Sep. Report No.: GAO-03-1028.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang Y. A Grant Proposal for Mindfulness-Based Self-Care Training for Child Welfare Workers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas R. N.Y.U. Takes Cosby’s Name Off Workshop About Film. New York Times. 2015 Sep 3;A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clutton-Brock 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Clutton-Brock 2002; Robbins and Hartwig 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robbins and Hartwig 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Honda et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Security Technical Report
AbbreviationInf. Secur. Tech. Rep.
ISSN (print)1363-4127
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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