How to format your references using the Information Security Technical Report citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Security Technical Report. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally RJ. Are we winning the war against posttraumatic stress disorder? Science. 2012 May 18;336(6083):872–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coussens LM, Werb Z. Inflammation and cancer. Nature. 2002;420(6917):860–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers JA, Someya T, Huang Y. Materials and mechanics for stretchable electronics. Science. 2010 Mar 26;327(5973):1603–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hirata S, Matsuda G, Ueno A, Fukushima H, Fuwa K, Sugama K, et al. Brain response to affective pictures in the chimpanzee. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1342.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lowman M. A Practical Guide to Analytics for Governments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Ranganathan N, Sivaciyan V, Saksena FB, editors. The Art and Science of Cardiac Physical Examination: With Heart Sounds and Pulse Wave Forms on CD. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007. (Contemporary Cardiology).
A chapter in an edited book
Napoli G, Giuffrida S, Trovato MR. Fair Planning and Affordability Housing in Urban Policy. The Case of Syracuse (Italy). In: Gervasi O, Murgante B, Misra S, Rocha AMAC, Torre CM, Taniar D, et al., editors. Computational Science and Its Applications -- ICCSA 2016: 16th International Conference, Beijing, China, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part IV. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 46–62. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Security Technical Report.

Blog post
Luntz S. Using HIV To Cut And Paste The Human Genome [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Challenges with Partner Agency and FAA Coordination Continue, and Efforts to Integrate Near-, Mid-, and Long-term Activities Are Ongoing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Apr. Report No.: GAO-10-649T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox ET. Prenatal cocaine: Effects on neonatal vocalizations, cue-induced maternal response, and brain development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski S. For Poor, Getting to College Is Only Half the Battle. New York Times. 2015 Jun 2;A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNally 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Coussens and Werb 2002; McNally 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coussens and Werb 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirata et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Security Technical Report
AbbreviationInf. Secur. Tech. Rep.
ISSN (print)1363-4127
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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