How to format your references using the Information Fusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Fusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
A. Lawler, U.S. SPACE SCIENCE: Earmarks, Rising Costs Threaten NASA Missions, Science. 289 (2000) 2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
E. Koechlin, A. Hyafil, Anterior prefrontal function and the limits of human decision-making, Science. 318 (2007) 594–598.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
I.I. Naumov, L. Bellaiche, H. Fu, Unusual phase transitions in ferroelectric nanodisks and nanorods, Nature. 432 (2004) 737–740.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
F. Grosshans, G. Van Assche, J. Wenger, R. Brouri, N.J. Cerf, P. Grangier, Quantum key distribution using gaussian-modulated coherent states, Nature. 421 (2003) 238–241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
P. Bamfield, Research and Development in the Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2006.
An edited book
[1]
P. Różewski, D. Novikov, N. Bakhtadze, O. Zaikin, eds., New Frontiers in Information and Production Systems Modelling and Analysis: Incentive Mechanisms, Competence Management, Knowledge-based Production, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
M. Stec, Reflective Teaching in an English Primary Classroom, in: D. Gabryś-Barker, A. Wojtaszek (Eds.), Studying Second Language Acquisition from a Qualitative Perspective, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 61–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Fusion.

Blog post
[1]
J. Fang, Big-Brained Female Guppies Outsmart Hungry Predators, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/big-brained-female-guppies-outsmart-hungry-predators/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, NSF’s Academic Facilities Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
H. Hatton, How Rural Elementary Building Principals Conceptualize the Programs in Their Schools, the Processes of Connecting Students to Programs, and Their Leadership Role in Doing So, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
K. Feeney, Sip, Munch and Cheer, New York Times. (2011) NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Fusion
AbbreviationInf. Fusion
ISSN (print)1566-2535
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Signal Processing
Software

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