How to format your references using the Information Economics and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Economics and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thompson, J.N., 2012. Evolution. The role of coevolution. Science 335, 410–411.
A journal article with 2 authors
May, M., Brody, H., 2015. Nature Index 2015 Global. Nature 522, S1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rompolas, P., Mesa, K.R., Greco, V., 2013. Spatial organization within a niche as a determinant of stem-cell fate. Nature 502, 513–518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marshall, B.T., Long, M., Piper, J.W., Yago, T., McEver, R.P., Zhu, C., 2003. Direct observation of catch bonds involving cell-adhesion molecules. Nature 423, 190–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Demaria, C., 2013. Introduction to Private Equity. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Herik, H.J. van D., Ciancarini, P., Donkers, H.H.L.M. (jeroen) (Eds.), 2007. Computers and Games: 5th International Conference, CG 2006, Turin, Italy, May 29-31, 2006. Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Droop, M., Flarer, M., Groppe, J., Groppe, S., Linnemann, V., Pinggera, J., Santner, F., Schier, M., Schöpf, F., Staffler, H., Zugal, S., 2007. Translating XPath Queries into SPARQL Queries, in: Meersman, R., Tari, Z., Herrero, P. (Eds.), On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2007: OTM 2007 Workshops: OTM Confederated International Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, OTM Academy Doctoral Consortium, MONET, OnToContent, ORM, PerSys, PPN, RDDS, SSWS, and SWWS 2007, Vilamoura, Portugal, November 25-30, 2007, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 9–10.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Economics and Policy.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. A Robot You Can Wear Could Help Carry Heavy Loads [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Costs of Compliance With the Renegotiation Act of 1951 (No. PSAD-77-165). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Savvas, C., 2010. Hydroclimate variability and landuse effects on nutrient export from watersheds in the mid-Atlantic United States (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Capecchi, C., Williams, T., 2011. Helicopter Crash Victims Named. New York Times A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thompson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (May and Brody, 2015; Thompson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (May and Brody, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Marshall et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Economics and Policy
AbbreviationInf. Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)0167-6245
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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