How to format your references using the Information Economics and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Economics and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner, M.P., 2000. Fluid mechanics. Jets from a singular surface. Nature 403, 377–378.
A journal article with 2 authors
Solé, R., Macía, J., 2014. Synthetic biology: Biocircuits in synchrony. Nature 508, 326–327.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gravina, B., Mellars, P., Ramsey, C.B., 2005. Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature 438, 51–56.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Capone, M., Fabrizio, M., Castellani, C., Tosatti, E., 2002. Strongly correlated superconductivity. Science 296, 2364–2366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Köhler, A., Bässler, H., 2015. Electronic Processes in Organic Semiconductors. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Gorban, A.N., Kevrekidis, I.G., Theodoropoulos, C., Kazantzis, N.K., Öttinger, H.C. (Eds.), 2006. Model Reduction and Coarse-Graining Approaches for Multiscale Phenomena. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Benenson, Z., 2005. Authenticated Queries in Sensor Networks, in: Molva, R., Tsudik, G., Westhoff, D. (Eds.), Security and Privacy in Ad-Hoc and Sensor Networks: Second European Workshop, ESAS 2005, Visegrad, Hungary, July 13-14, 2005. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 54–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Economics and Policy.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. More Mysterious Objects Spotted In Titan’s Seas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. 1998 NASA Budget: Review of Selected Activities (No. NSIAD-97-252R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer-Kinlaw, D., 2012. Anxious journeys: Past, present, and construction of identity in American travel writing (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. Puerto Rico Debt Bill Takes Step. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brenner, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Brenner, 2000; Solé and Macía, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Solé and Macía, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Capone et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Economics and Policy
AbbreviationInf. Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)0167-6245
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles