How to format your references using the Information Economics and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Economics and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller, R., 2012. Developmental biology. Physical biology returns to morphogenesis. Science 338, 201–203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collins, F.S., Manolio, T.A., 2007. Merging and emerging cohorts: necessary but not sufficient. Nature 445, 259.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Y., Emerson, J.J., Martin, T.M., 2005. Evolutionary genomics: codon volatility does not detect selection. Nature 433, E6-7; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deconto, R.M., Pollard, D., Wilson, P.A., Pälike, H., Lear, C.H., Pagani, M., 2008. Thresholds for Cenozoic bipolar glaciation. Nature 455, 652–656.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hewitt, A., 2016. Construction Claims & Responses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tetzlaff, R. (Ed.), 2014. Memristors and Memristive Systems. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Callo-Concha, D., Sommer, J.H., Kleemann, J., Gatzweiler, F.W., Denich, M., 2014. Marginality from a Socio-ecological Perspective, in: von Braun, J., Gatzweiler, F.W. (Eds.), Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Economics and Policy.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Colorful Murals Cover A 1,000-Year-Old Chinese Tomb [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Business Continuity and Contingency Planning (Exposure Draft) (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.19) (No. AIMD-10.1.19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, M.K., 2012. A study of at-risk students’ perceptions of an online academic credit recovery program in an urban North Texas independent school district (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr., Ferré-Sadurní, L., 2017. Trial for Brazen Murder Brings Mother No Solace. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keller, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Collins and Manolio, 2007; Keller, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collins and Manolio, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Deconto et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Economics and Policy
AbbreviationInf. Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)0167-6245
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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