How to format your references using the Marine and Petroleum Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine and Petroleum Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen, J., 2000. High-temperature superconductivity. Stripes defeat the Fermi liquid. Nature 404, 714–715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leeb, M., Wutz, A., 2011. Derivation of haploid embryonic stem cells from mouse embryos. Nature 479, 131–134.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rolland-Lagan, A.-G., Bangham, J.A., Coen, E., 2003. Growth dynamics underlying petal shape and asymmetry. Nature 422, 161–163.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bates, A.E., Helmuth, B., Burrows, M.T., Duncan, M.I., Garrabou, J., Guy-Haim, T., Lima, F., Queiros, A.M., Seabra, R., Marsh, R., Belmaker, J., Bensoussan, N., Dong, Y., Mazaris, A.D., Smale, D., Wahl, M., Rilov, G., 2018. Biologists ignore ocean weather at their peril. Nature 560, 299–301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lam, J., 2014. Enterprise Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Richardson, S.J., Cody, V. (Eds.), 2009. Recent Advances in Transthyretin Evolution, Structure and Biological Functions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sugawara, Y., Li, Y.J., Naitoh, Y., Kageshima, M., 2010. Development of High-Speed Actuator for Scanning Probe Microscopy, in: Higuchi, T., Suzumori, K., Tadokoro, S. (Eds.), Next-Generation Actuators Leading Breakthroughs. Springer, London, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine and Petroleum Geology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. China Joins Search For Intelligent Life With World’s Biggest Radio Telescope [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Adolescent Drug Use Prevention: Common Features of Promising Community Programs (No. PEMD-92-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Encarnacion, M., 2014. Does the use of clickers while incorporating small groups discussion increase student learning in the chemistry classroom (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L., 2006. “Caligula” Gives a Toga Party (But No One’s Really Invited). New York Times 234.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zaanen, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Leeb and Wutz, 2011; Zaanen, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leeb and Wutz, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Bates et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine and Petroleum Geology
AbbreviationMar. Pet. Geol.
ISSN (print)0264-8172
ScopeEconomic Geology

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