How to format your references using the Marine and Petroleum Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine and Petroleum Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernstein, A., 2013. Collaboration: Link the world’s best investigators. Nature 496, 27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pujolle-Robic, C., Noirez, L., 2001. Observation of shear-induced nematic-isotropic transition in side-chain liquid crystal polymers. Nature 409, 167–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Erickson, G.M., Rogers, K.C., Yerby, S.A., 2001. Dinosaurian growth patterns and rapid avian growth rates. Nature 412, 429–433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Carlson, C.S., Eberle, M.A., Kruglyak, L., Nickerson, D.A., 2004. Mapping complex disease loci in whole-genome association studies. Nature 429, 446–452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fink, J.K., 2016. Metallized and Magnetic Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mihelj, M., 2012. Haptics for Virtual Reality and Teleoperation, Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kächele, M., Schels, M., Meudt, S., Kessler, V., Glodek, M., Thiam, P., Tschechne, S., Palm, G., Schwenker, F., 2015. On Annotation and Evaluation of Multi-modal Corpora in Affective Human-Computer Interaction, in: Böck, R., Bonin, F., Campbell, N., Poppe, R. (Eds.), Multimodal Analyses Enabling Artificial Agents in Human-Machine Interaction: Second International Workshop, MA3HMI 2014, Held in Conjunction with INTERSPEECH 2014, Singapore, Singapore, September 14, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine and Petroleum Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Tesla Release Electric Car Patents To Public [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Computer Systems: Actions on OMB Recommendations for a Joint Lookout System (No. IMTEC-90-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander, B.C., 2009. A descriptive study of intercollegiate athletics in Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feldstein, M.S., Halstead, T., Gregory Mankiw, N., 2017. A Conservative Case for Climate Action. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernstein, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bernstein, 2013; Pujolle-Robic and Noirez, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pujolle-Robic and Noirez, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Carlson et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine and Petroleum Geology
AbbreviationMar. Pet. Geol.
ISSN (print)0264-8172
ScopeEconomic Geology

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