How to format your references using the Marine and Petroleum Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine and Petroleum Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Al-Gazali, L., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Human genome sequencing: celebrating 10 years. Science 331, 873.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vogl, U., Weitz, M., 2009. Laser cooling by collisional redistribution of radiation. Nature 461, 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Toyoshima, C., Nomura, H., Tsuda, T., 2004. Lumenal gating mechanism revealed in calcium pump crystal structures with phosphate analogues. Nature 432, 361–368.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hettich, C., Schmitt, C., Zitzmann, J., Kühn, S., Gerhardt, I., Sandoghdar, V., 2002. Nanometer resolution and coherent optical dipole coupling of two individual molecules. Science 298, 385–389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhaduri, S., Mukesh, D., 2014. Homogeneous Catalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lopez, J., Ray, I., Crispo, B. (Eds.), 2015. Risks and Security of Internet and Systems: 9th International Conference, CRiSIS 2014, Trento, Italy, August 27-29, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Vilanova, J.C., Roca, M., Baleato, S., 2010. Bone Marrow, in: Vilanova, J.C. (Ed.), Learning Musculoskeletal Imaging, Learning Imaging. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 67–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine and Petroleum Geology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. An Electric Wind Has Stripped Venus Of Its Oceans [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Highlights of a Forum: Health Care 20 Years From Now--Taking Steps Today to Meet Tomorrow’s Challenges (No. GAO-07-1155SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mukherjee, N., 2003. Development of High Sensitivity Bending Mode Polymer Piezoelectric Devices for Inner Ear Implantation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bohlen, C., 2017. Ancient Georgian Culture, Set to Music. New York Times TR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Al-Gazali, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Al-Gazali, 2011; Vogl and Weitz, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vogl and Weitz, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hettich et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine and Petroleum Geology
AbbreviationMar. Pet. Geol.
ISSN (print)0264-8172
ScopeEconomic Geology

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