How to format your references using the The Cerebellum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Cerebellum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brenner S. History of science. The revolution in the life sciences. Science. 2012;338:1427–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Slee EA, Lu X. Requirement for phosphorylation of P53 at Ser312 in suppression of chemical carcinogenesis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3105.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Smith FG, Davies R, Lyne A. Bernard Lovell (1913-2012). Nature. 2012;488:592.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hood E, Fellman J, Spencer RGM, Hernes PJ, Edwards R, D’Amore D, et al. Glaciers as a source of ancient and labile organic matter to the marine environment. Nature. 2009;462:1044–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Taylor TA. Guide to LEED® 2009 Estimating and Preconstruction Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Deutsch JS, editor. Hox Genes: Studies from the 20th to the 21st Century. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mostofi Y, Ghaffarkhah A. Kalman Filtering Over Wireless Fading Channels. In: Mazumder SK, editor. Wireless Networking Based Control. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 103–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Cerebellum.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Colliding Galaxies Are Producing A Spectacular Light Show. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Problems Resulting From Management Practices in Recruiting, Training, and Using Non-High-School Graduates and Category IV Personnel. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jan. Report No.: FPCD-76-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kelly LA. Nursing surveillance in the acute care setting: Latent variable development and analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Landler M, Schmitt E, Gordon MR. Businessmen Get a Say on Afghan War Strategy. New York Times. 2017 Jul 11;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Cerebellum
ISSN (print)1473-4222
ISSN (online)1473-4230
ScopeClinical Neurology

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