How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part II citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part II. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Curl, R.F., 2005. Obituary: Richard E. Smalley (1943-2005). Nature 438, 1094.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayley, H., Cremer, P.S., 2001. Stochastic sensors inspired by biology. Nature 413, 226–230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henrich, J., Heine, S.J., Norenzayan, A., 2010. Most people are not WEIRD. Nature 466, 29.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, L.-M., Mao, L.-F., Yang, T., Ye, J.-F., Liu, B., Li, H.-L., Sun, M., Miller, J.T., Mathews, S., Hu, H.-H., Niu, Y.-T., Peng, D.-X., Chen, Y.-H., Smith, S.A., Chen, M., Xiang, K.-L., Le, C.-T., Dang, V.-C., Lu, A.-M., Soltis, P.S., Soltis, D.E., Li, J.-H., Chen, Z.-D., 2018. Evolutionary history of the angiosperm flora of China. Nature 554, 234–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoican, F., Olaru, S., 2013. Set-theoretic Fault-tolerant Control in Multisensor Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Kalinin, S.V., Gruverman, A. (Eds.), 2011. Scanning Probe Microscopy of Functional Materials: Nanoscale Imaging and Spectroscopy. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Maiorana, E., Argones Rúa, E., Alba Castro, J.L., Campisi, P., 2011. Eigen-Model Projections for Protected On-line Signature Recognition, in: Vielhauer, C., Dittmann, J., Drygajlo, A., Juul, N.C., Fairhurst, M.C. (Eds.), Biometrics and ID Management: COST 2101 European Workshop, BioID 2011, Brandenburg (Havel), Germany, March 8-10, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part II.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Everything You Need To Know About Cometary Exploration [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Accounting System for Research and Development, Army Natick Laboratories (No. 092853). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conti, A.I., 2012. Dirty hands, virtue ethics, and consequentialism (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2016. What Shot Rocky Up Those Steps. New York Times AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Curl, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bayley and Cremer, 2001; Curl, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayley and Cremer, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part II
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 2 Top. Stud. Oceanogr.
ISSN (print)0967-0645

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