How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part II citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part II. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe, M., 2003. Part-time teaching: benefitting as a part-time teacher. Nature 424, 110–111.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loehlin, D.W., Werren, J.H., 2012. Evolution of shape by multiple regulatory changes to a growth gene. Science 335, 943–947.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giulini, A., Wang, J., Jackson, D., 2004. Control of phyllotaxy by the cytokinin-inducible response regulator homologue ABPHYL1. Nature 430, 1031–1034.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, X., Jung, H.-G., Kim, S.-O., Choi, H.-S., Lee, S., Moon, J.H., Lee, J.K., 2013. Silicon/copper dome-patterned electrodes for high-performance hybrid supercapacitors. Sci. Rep. 3, 3183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Serval, J.-F., Tranié, J.-P., 2014. The Monetary System. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kim, T.-H., Mohammed, S., Ramos, C., Abawajy, J., Kang, B.-H., Ślęzak, D. (Eds.), 2012. Computer Applications for Web, Human Computer Interaction, Signal and Image Processing, and Pattern Recognition: International Conferences, SIP, WSE, and ICHCI 2012, Held in Conjunction with GST 2012, Jeju Island, Korea, November 28-December 2, 2012. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Golani, M., Gal, A., 2005. Flexible Business Process Management Using Forward Stepping and Alternative Paths, in: Aalst, W.M.P. van der, Benatallah, B., Casati, F., Curbera, F. (Eds.), Business Process Management: 3rd International Conference, BPM 2005, Nancy, France, September 5-8, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part II.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Global Surge In Renewables As Record Amount Is Invested In Clean Energy Sources [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Customs Is Making Good Progress (No. T-AIMD-99-225). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joppy, D.A., 2013. Principal Socialization in One Virginia School District: A Phenomenological Investigation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W., 2015. In a Venezuelan Town, a State of Emergency Is Barely Perceptible. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watanabe, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Loehlin and Werren, 2012; Watanabe, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Loehlin and Werren, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part II
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 2 Top. Stud. Oceanogr.
ISSN (print)0967-0645

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