How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part II citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part II. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D., 2002. Field trials excluded from UK crop appraisal. Nature 420, 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowe, M.L., Goldin-Meadow, S., 2009. Differences in early gesture explain SES disparities in child vocabulary size at school entry. Science 323, 951–953.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka, S.-I., Matsunami, M., Kimura, S.-I., 2013. An investigation of electron-phonon coupling via phonon dispersion measurements in graphite using angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. Sci. Rep. 3, 3031.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takahashi, H., Igawa, K., Arii, K., Kamihara, Y., Hirano, M., Hosono, H., 2008. Superconductivity at 43 K in an iron-based layered compound LaO(1-x)F(x)FeAs. Nature 453, 376–378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph, C.L., Bernal, S., 2016. Modern Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Clarkson, D.B., 2005. S+ Functional Data Analysis: User’s Manual for Windows®. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Bessler, S., Reichl, P., 2006. A Network Provisioning Scheme Based on Decentralized Bandwidth Auctions, in: Raghavan, S., Anandalingam, G. (Eds.), Telecommunications Planning: Innovations in Pricing, Network Design and Management, Operations Research/Computer Science Interfaces Series. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 89–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part II.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Watch a Baby Gorilla Being Born! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Aviation Safety: Additional Oversight Planning by FAA Could Enhance Safety Risk Management (No. GAO-14-516). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, G., 2013. Undocumented students in higher education: A grant project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. U.S.T.A. Faces Suit Over Sabbath Schedule. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Adam, 2002; Rowe and Goldin-Meadow, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowe and Goldin-Meadow, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Takahashi et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part II
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 2 Top. Stud. Oceanogr.
ISSN (print)0967-0645

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