How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part II citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part II. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heemels, M.-T., 2010. Ageing. Nature 464, 503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Theis, T.N., Solomon, P.M., 2010. It’s time to reinvent the transistor! Science 327, 1600–1601.
A journal article with 3 authors
Misura, K.M., Scheller, R.H., Weis, W.I., 2000. Three-dimensional structure of the neuronal-Sec1-syntaxin 1a complex. Nature 404, 355–362.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
De Smedt, P., Van Meirvenne, M., Herremans, D., De Reu, J., Saey, T., Meerschman, E., Crombé, P., De Clercq, W., 2013. The 3-D reconstruction of medieval wetland reclamation through electromagnetic induction survey. Sci. Rep. 3, 1517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donald, H., Robert D., G., 2006. Longitudinal Data Analysis: Hedeker/Longitudinal, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
LePage, B.A., Williams, C.J., Yang, H. (Eds.), 2005. The Geobiology and Ecology of Metasequoia, Topics in Geobiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Da Poian, A.T., Castanho, M.A.R.B., 2015. The Regulation of Metabolisms, in: Castanho, M.A.R.B. (Ed.), Integrative Human Biochemistry: A Textbook for Medical Biochemistry. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 157–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part II.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Amazing Time-lapse Shows A Fly Emerging From Its Pupa [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. NASA: Earned Value Management Implementation across Major Spaceflight Projects Is Uneven (No. GAO-13-22). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison, J., 2009. Caregivers with sibling sets: A curriculum to increase contact and permanency for siblings in out-of-home care (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. College Athletes Move Concussions Into the Courtroom. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heemels, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Heemels, 2010; Theis and Solomon, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Theis and Solomon, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (De Smedt et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part II
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 2 Top. Stud. Oceanogr.
ISSN (print)0967-0645

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