How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part II citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part II. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bar-Peled, L., 2014. Science & SciLifeLab Prize Essay. Size does matter. Science 346, 1191–1192.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hewitt, S.C., Korach, K.S., 2011. Cell biology. A hand to support the implantation window. Science 331, 863–864.
A journal article with 3 authors
Courtial, J., Leach, J., Padgett, M.J., 2001. Fractals in pixellated video feedback. Nature 414, 864.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, A., Jones, R., Liao, L., Samara-Rubio, D., Rubin, D., Cohen, O., Nicolaescu, R., Paniccia, M., 2004. A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor. Nature 427, 615–618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hein, H., Kunze, W., 2005. Umweltanalytik mit Spektrometrie und Chromatographie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Siebentritt, S., Rau, U. (Eds.), 2006. Wide-Gap Chalcopyrites, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Campadelli, P., Casiraghi, E., 2005. Pruning the Nodule Candidate Set in Postero Anterior Chest Radiographs, in: Apolloni, B., Marinaro, M., Tagliaferri, R. (Eds.), Biological and Artificial Intelligence Environments: 15th Italian Workshop on Neural Nets, WIRN VIETRI 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 37–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part II.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Design Biological Safety Switch For GMOs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Information Technology Reform: Billions of Dollars in Savings Have Been Realized, but Agencies Need to Complete Reinvestment Plans (No. GAO-15-617). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quackenbush, C.M., 2010. The Imaginal Stone: Stories of self and world (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. A Tough Hill to Climb, but Not Impossible. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bar-Peled, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bar-Peled, 2014; Hewitt and Korach, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hewitt and Korach, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part II
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 2 Top. Stud. Oceanogr.
ISSN (print)0967-0645

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