How to format your references using the Informatics in Medicine Unlocked citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Informatics in Medicine Unlocked. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. Corridor at the crossroads: Michigan. Nature 2002;420:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Haussecker D, Kay MA. RNA interference. Drugging RNAi. Science 2015;347:1069–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Jankowski P, McKellar ARW, Szalewicz K. Theory untangles the high-resolution infrared spectrum of the ortho-H2-CO van der Waals complex. Science 2012;336:1147–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Saikawa Y, Hashimoto K, Nakata M, Yoshihara M, Nagai K, Ida M, et al. Pigment chemistry: the red sweat of the hippopotamus. Nature 2004;429:363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of Chemicals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
[1]
Ambroziak AA, editor. New Cohesion Policy of the European Union in Poland: How It Will Influence the Investment Attractiveness of Regions in 2014-2020. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sourabh Joshi, Sarabjit Kaur. Ant Colony Optimization Meta-heuristic for Solving Real Travelling Salesman Problem. In: Shetty NR, Prasad NH, Nalini N, editors. Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications: ERCICA 2015, Volume 3, Singapore: Springer; 2016, p. 55–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Informatics in Medicine Unlocked.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. The Universe Really Is Weird: A Landmark Quantum Experiment Has Finally Proved It So. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/universe-really-weird-landmark-quantum-experiment-has-finally-proved-it-so/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Air Force ADP: Depot Maintenance System Development Risks Are High. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Hooper KJ. Los Angeles School Police Department Arrest Diversion: A Process Evaluation. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Ellis BE. Still Here. New York Times 2017:M2118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInformatics in Medicine Unlocked
AbbreviationInform. Med. Unlocked
ISSN (print)2352-9148
Scope

Other styles