How to format your references using the Informatics in Medicine Unlocked citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Informatics in Medicine Unlocked. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bodelier PLE. Sustainability: Bypassing the methane cycle. Nature 2015;523:534–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bongaarts J, Over M. Public health. Global HIV/AIDS policy in transition. Science 2010;328:1359–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sekiguchi A, Kinjo R, Ichinohe M. A stable compound containing a silicon-silicon triple bond. Science 2004;305:1755–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Peichel CL, Nereng KS, Ohgi KA, Cole BL, Colosimo PF, Buerkle CA, et al. The genetic architecture of divergence between threespine stickleback species. Nature 2001;414:901–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Colloms M, Darlington P. High Performance Loudspeakers. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Ven P-H van de, Doecke B, editors. Literary Praxis: A Conversational Inquiry into the Teaching of Literature. vol. 5. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Aliev I. Siegel’s Lemma and Sum-Distinct Sets. In: Pollack R, Pach J, Goodman JE, editors. Twentieth Anniversary Volume: Discrete & Computational Geometry, New York, NY: Springer; 2009, p. 1–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Informatics in Medicine Unlocked.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Fossil Evidence Reveals That Cancer In Humans Goes Back 1.7 Million Years. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/fossil-evidence-reveals-that-cancer-in-humans-goes-back-1-point-7-million-years/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. GAO Education Products. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Valadez I. A psycho-education peer support group for homeless youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Risen J. John Platt, 80, U.S. Spy Who Befriended Foe. New York Times 2017:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInformatics in Medicine Unlocked
AbbreviationInform. Med. Unlocked
ISSN (print)2352-9148
Scope

Other styles