How to format your references using the Informatics in Medicine Unlocked citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Informatics in Medicine Unlocked. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Chawla DS. Badges of distinction. Nature 2015;526:145–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Cohen JC, Hobbs HH. Genetics. Simple genetics for a complex disease. Science 2013;340:689–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Werfel J, Petersen K, Nagpal R. Designing collective behavior in a termite-inspired robot construction team. Science 2014;343:754–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Peterson BJ, Holmes RM, McClelland JW, Vörösmarty CJ, Lammers RB, Shiklomanov AI, et al. Increasing river discharge to the Arctic Ocean. Science 2002;298:2171–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Yaacoub EE, Dawy Z. Resource Allocation in Uplink OFDMA Wireless Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Fletcher L, editor. Popular Fiction and Spatiality: Reading Genre Settings. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Quattrocolo S. The Right to Information in EU Legislation. In: Ruggeri S, editor. Human Rights in European Criminal Law: New Developments in European Legislation and Case Law after the Lisbon Treaty, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 81–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Informatics in Medicine Unlocked.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Astronomers Find Monster Galaxy That lived Fast And Died Young. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-find-monster-galaxy-that-lived-fast-and-died-young/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Pilot Program Could Help Determine the Viability of Mileage Fees for Certain Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Fulton E. Differential effects of nicotine on prospective memory, sustained attention, and working memory. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Candaele K. Mom Was in a League of Her Own. New York Times 1992:89.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInformatics in Medicine Unlocked
AbbreviationInform. Med. Unlocked
ISSN (print)2352-9148
Scope

Other styles