How to format your references using the Enterprise Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Enterprise Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diallinas, George. 2008. “Biochemistry. An Almost-Complete Movie.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5908): 1644–1645.
A journal article with 2 authors
Choi, Heejin, and Peter T. C. So. 2014. “Improving Femtosecond Laser Pulse Delivery through a Hollow Core Photonic Crystal Fiber for Temporally Focused Two-Photon Endomicroscopy.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loewe, Laurence, Volker Textor, and Siegfried Scherer. 2003. “High Deleterious Genomic Mutation Rate in Stationary Phase of Escherichia Coli.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5650): 1558–1560.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xiao, Zeyun, Kuan Sun, Jegadesan Subbiah, Shaomin Ji, David J. Jones, and Wallace W. H. Wong. 2014. “Hydrogen Bonding in Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells: A Case Study.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Park, Sejin, and Georges Guille-Escuret. 2017. Sociobiology vs Socioecology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weiss, Sholom M. 2015. Fundamentals of Predictive Text Mining. Edited by Nitin Indurkhya and Tong Zhang. 2nd ed. 2015. Texts in Computer Science. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rizzo, Jason Michael, and Nathalie C. Zeitouni. 2015. “Advances in Photodynamic Therapy for the Treatment of Malignant and Premalignant Lesions in Transplant Dermatology.” In Advances in Transplant Dermatology: Clinical and Practical Implications, edited by Fiona Zwald and Marc D. Brown, 59–70. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Enterprise Information Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Chemical Attraction: Why Mosquitos Zone In On Some People, But Not Others.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Responses to Questions for the Record; September 2008 Hearing on the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues. GAO-09-130R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gossett, James Max. 2009. “Autobiographical Insights into the Spiritual Psychologies of Jung and Bion.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, William P. 2002. “Mr. Miró, Mr. Basie.” New York Times, November 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diallinas 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Diallinas 2008; Choi and So 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Choi and So 2014)
  • Three authors: (Loewe, Textor, and Scherer 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xiao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnterprise Information Systems
AbbreviationEnterp. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-7575
ISSN (online)1751-7583
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems and Management

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