How to format your references using the Enterprise Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Enterprise Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arthur, Wallace. 2002. “The Emerging Conceptual Framework of Evolutionary Developmental Biology.” Nature 415 (6873): 757–764.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohwer, Forest, and Rebecca Vega Thurber. 2009. “Viruses Manipulate the Marine Environment.” Nature 459 (7244): 207–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quinto-Su, Pedro A., Madoka Suzuki, and Claus-Dieter Ohl. 2014. “Fast Temperature Measurement Following Single Laser-Induced Cavitation inside a Microfluidic Gap.” Scientific Reports 4 (June): 5445.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stein, E., Y. Zou, M. Poo, and M. Tessier-Lavigne. 2001. “Binding of DCC by Netrin-1 to Mediate Axon Guidance Independent of Adenosine A2B Receptor Activation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5510): 1976–1982.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morocco, Catherine Cobb, Cynthia Mata Aguilar, Carol Bershad, Andrea Winokur Kotula, and Alisa Hindin. 2008. Supported Literacy for Adolescents. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Uysal, Murat, Carlo Capsoni, Zabih Ghassemlooy, Anthony Boucouvalas, and Eszter Udvary, eds. 2016. Optical Wireless Communications: An Emerging Technology. Signals and Communication Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Edge, Charles S., Chris Barker, and Ehren Schwiebert. 2010. “Controlling Network Traffic.” In Beginning Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server: From Solo Install to Enterprise Integration, edited by Chris Barker and Ehren Schwiebert, 149–172. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Enterprise Information Systems.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “This Could Be This First Female With ‘Tree Man Syndrome.’” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Operations of and Outlook for the Highway Trust Fund. T-RCED-90-79. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, Monica Y. 2010. “Delinquency Prevention Program for Latino Youth: A Grant Proposal Project.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin. 1995. “At the Nation’s Table: Davenport, Calif.; A New-Age Juice Intended For Women.” New York Times, January 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Arthur 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Arthur 2002; Rohwer and Thurber 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohwer and Thurber 2009)
  • Three authors: (Quinto-Su, Suzuki, and Ohl 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Stein et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnterprise Information Systems
AbbreviationEnterp. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-7575
ISSN (online)1751-7583
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems and Management

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