How to format your references using the Enterprise Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Enterprise Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, Neil. 2015. “Electrochemistry: Liquid Assets.” Nature 526 (7575): S98-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adamala, Katarzyna, and Jack W. Szostak. 2013. “Nonenzymatic Template-Directed RNA Synthesis inside Model Protocells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6162): 1098–1100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jaeger, T. Florian, Daniel Pontillo, and Peter Graff. 2012. “Comment on ‘Phonemic Diversity Supports a Serial Founder Effect Model of Language Expansion from Africa.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6072): 1042; author reply 1042.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Turnbaugh, Peter J., Ruth E. Ley, Michael A. Mahowald, Vincent Magrini, Elaine R. Mardis, and Jeffrey I. Gordon. 2006. “An Obesity-Associated Gut Microbiome with Increased Capacity for Energy Harvest.” Nature 444 (7122): 1027–1031.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rumelhard, Christian, Catherine Algani, and Anne-Laure Billabert. 2013. Microwave Photonic Links. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heshmati, Almas, ed. 2016. Poverty and Well-Being in East Africa: A Multi-Faceted Economic Approach. Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Atkinson, Kendall, and Weimin Han. 2012. “Numerical Quadrature.” In Spherical Harmonics and Approximations on the Unit Sphere: An Introduction, edited by Weimin Han, 165–210. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Enterprise Information Systems.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “California May Suffer A 35-Year-Long Megadrought If Planet Continues To Warm.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. The SEMATECH Consortium’s Start-up Activities. T-RCED-90-11. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelleher, Andrea. 2017. “Gendered Intent to Turnover Resulting from Workplace Bullying in Nursing and Medical Fields.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, Michael. 2017. “Principles and Posturing.” New York Times, August 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Savage 2015; Adamala and Szostak 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adamala and Szostak 2013)
  • Three authors: (Jaeger, Pontillo, and Graff 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Turnbaugh et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnterprise Information Systems
AbbreviationEnterp. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-7575
ISSN (online)1751-7583
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems and Management

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