How to format your references using the Enterprise Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Enterprise Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lipan, Ovidiu. 2008. “Systems Biology. Enlightening Rhythms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5862): 417–418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kump, Lee R., and Mark E. Barley. 2007. “Increased Subaerial Volcanism and the Rise of Atmospheric Oxygen 2.5 Billion Years Ago.” Nature 448 (7157): 1033–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Montague, P. Read, Steven E. Hyman, and Jonathan D. Cohen. 2004. “Computational Roles for Dopamine in Behavioural Control.” Nature 431 (7010): 760–767.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Guarda, Greta, Catherine Dostert, Francesco Staehli, Katrin Cabalzar, Rosa Castillo, Aubry Tardivel, Pascal Schneider, and Jürg Tschopp. 2009. “T Cells Dampen Innate Immune Responses through Inhibition of NLRP1 and NLRP3 Inflammasomes.” Nature 460 (7252): 269–273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brillson, Leonard J. 2016. An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ortmeier, Frank, and Antoine Rauzy, eds. 2014. Model-Based Safety and Assessment: 4th International Symposium, IMBSA 2014, Munich, Germany, October 27-29, 2014. Proceedings. Vol. 8822. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Klisnick, A., A. Le Marec, L. Meng, O. Larroche, O. Guilbaud, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, and A. Calisti. 2016. “Spectral Properties of Collisional Xuv Lasers for the Amplification of Femtosecond Pulses.” In X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, edited by Jorge Rocca, Carmen Menoni, and Mario Marconi, 45–52. Springer Proceedings in Physics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Enterprise Information Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Orphan Pygmy Marmoset Loves Being Brushed By A Toothbrush.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Federal-Aid Highways: Improved Guidance Could Enhance States’ Use of Life-Cycle Cost Analysis in Pavement Selection. GAO-13-544. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
PerLee-Lange, Dene L. 2010. “An Introduction to the Juvenile Dependency Court Process and the Child Welfare System: A Curriculum for Parents.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2005. “Life Is Hard in Russia, And the Beds Are, Too.” New York Times, February 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lipan 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lipan 2008; Kump and Barley 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kump and Barley 2007)
  • Three authors: (Montague, Hyman, and Cohen 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Guarda et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnterprise Information Systems
AbbreviationEnterp. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-7575
ISSN (online)1751-7583
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems and Management

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