How to format your references using the Enterprise Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Enterprise Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp, Martin. 2002. “Science in Culture: Peas without Pictures--Gregor Mendel and the Mathematical Birth of Modern Genetics.” Nature 417 (6888): 490.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rothenberg, Karen H., and Sharon F. Terry. 2002. “Human Genetics. Before It’s Too Late--Addressing Fear of Genetic Information.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5579): 196–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi, Ayako, Bongju Kim, and Satoshi Matsuoka. 2013. “The Mitochondrial Na+-Ca2+ Exchanger, NCLX, Regulates Automaticity of HL-1 Cardiomyocytes.” Scientific Reports 3 (September): 2766.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Warén, Anders, Stefan Bengtson, Shana K. Goffredi, and Cindy L. Van Dover. 2003. “A Hot-Vent Gastropod with Iron Sulfide Dermal Sclerites.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5647): 1007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry, Jean-François, Nicolae Brinzei, and Mohammed-Habib Mazouni. 2016. Systems Dependability Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Laurikainen, Eija, Reynier Peletier, and Dimitri Gadotti, eds. 2016. Galactic Bulges. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 418. Astrophysics and Space Science Library. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Huber, Stephan Gerhard, and Daniel Muijs. 2010. “School Leadership Effectiveness: The Growing Insight in the Importance of School Leadership for the Quality and Development of Schools and Their Pupils.” In School Leadership - International Perspectives, edited by Stephan Huber, 57–77. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Enterprise Information Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “A Bizarre Foam Blob Is Taking Over A Street In California — Here’s What’s Causing It.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Taken Steps to Analyze Canine Team Data and Assess the Effectiveness of Passenger Screening Canines. GAO-14-695T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buzinski, Paul. 2009. “Exploring Job Satisfaction of Long-Term Virtual Employees.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Christopher. 2014. “‘A Coarse Pleasure’ In Stories of Impostors.” New York Times, January 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kemp 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kemp 2002; Rothenberg and Terry 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rothenberg and Terry 2002)
  • Three authors: (Takeuchi, Kim, and Matsuoka 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Warén et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnterprise Information Systems
AbbreviationEnterp. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-7575
ISSN (online)1751-7583
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems and Management

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