How to format your references using the Enterprise Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Enterprise Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2004. “Back to Life.” Nature 429 (6990): 483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kohli, Rahul M., and Yi Zhang. 2013. “TET Enzymes, TDG and the Dynamics of DNA Demethylation.” Nature 502 (7472): 472–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niu, Mang, Daojian Cheng, and Dapeng Cao. 2014. “SiH/TiO2 and GeH/TiO2 Heterojunctions: Promising TiO2-Based Photocatalysts under Visible Light.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 4810.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Zhong, Kevin S. Smith, Mark Murphy, Obdulio Piloto, Tim C. P. Somervaille, and Michael L. Cleary. 2008. “Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 in MLL Leukaemia Maintenance and Targeted Therapy.” Nature 455 (7217): 1205–1209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire, Paul, and David Hampton. 2012. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Watkins, Robert G., III, and Robert G. Watkins IV, eds. 2015. Surgical Approaches to the Spine. 3rd ed. 2015. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Radmacher, Mike. 2008. “A Procedure of How to Conduct Research in Transparent Mobile Recommendations.” In Towards Sustainable Society on Ubiquitous Networks: The 8th IFIP Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (I3E 2008), September 24–16, 2008, Tokyo, Japan, edited by Makoto Oya, Ryuya Uda, and Chizuko Yasunobu, 49–60. IFIP – The International Federation for Information Processing. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Enterprise Information Systems.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “New Plans Show Autonomous Submarine Designed To Explore The Oceans Of Jupiter’s Moon.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Commercial Driver’s Licensing: Federal Oversight of State Programs Could Be Improved. GAO-15-607. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen, Andrew Peijie. 2008. “An Efficient Algorithm for Calculating Fluctuation Field and Simulating the Thermal Magnetic Aftereffect.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2017. “Robert Caro Nears End Of Research on L.B.J.” New York Times, June 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Kohli and Zhang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kohli and Zhang 2013)
  • Three authors: (Niu, Cheng, and Cao 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnterprise Information Systems
AbbreviationEnterp. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)1751-7575
ISSN (online)1751-7583
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems and Management

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