How to format your references using the Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowlan W (2002) Human genetics. A rational view of insurance and genetic discrimination. Science 297:195–196
A journal article with 2 authors
Martinez-Perez E, Moore G (2004) Plant sciences. Promiscuous maize chromosomes. Science 303:49–50
A journal article with 3 authors
Raymond SN, Mandell AM, Sigurdsson S (2006) Exotic Earths: forming habitable worlds with giant planet migration. Science 313:1413–1416
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yin Y, Yu J, Cao H, et al (2014) Efficient non-doped phosphorescent orange, blue and white organic light-emitting devices. Sci Rep 4:6754

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyce PM, Lipton D (2013) Lamentations Through the Centuries. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
de Paz M, DiSalle R (eds) (2014) Poincaré, Philosopher of Science: Problems and Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Angerer C, Nagel M, Brügge B, Gross T (2006) Engaging Students in Distributed Software Engineering Courses. In: Kern E-M, Hegering H-G, Brügge B (eds) Managing Development and Application of Digital Technologies: Research Insights in the Munich Center for Digital Technology & Management (CDTM). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Up To 40% Of Some Herbal Supplements Are Mislabelled Or Contain Adulterants. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) NASA Facilities: Challenges to Achieving Reductions and Efficiencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mann HM (2009) Testing for differentially functioning indicators using mixtures of confirmatory factor analysis models. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM (2015) Profit Surges for Ford, Propelled by F-150 Sales. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nowlan 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nowlan 2002; Martinez-Perez and Moore 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martinez-Perez and Moore 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Yin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences
AbbreviationArchaeol. Anthropol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1866-9557
ISSN (online)1866-9565

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