How to format your references using the Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dominissini D (2014) Genomics and Proteomics. Roadmap to the epitranscriptome. Science 346:1192
A journal article with 2 authors
Sine SM, Engel AG (2006) Recent advances in Cys-loop receptor structure and function. Nature 440:448–455
A journal article with 3 authors
Bartels T, Choi JG, Selkoe DJ (2011) α-Synuclein occurs physiologically as a helically folded tetramer that resists aggregation. Nature 477:107–110
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang Z, Benoit G, Liu J, et al (2003) Structure and function of Nurr1 identifies a class of ligand-independent nuclear receptors. Nature 423:555–560

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cretu O, Stewart R, Berends T (2011) Risk Management for Design and Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bansal RK (ed) (2009) Phosphorous Heterocycles I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Noor TH, Sheng QZ, Bouguettaya A (2014) Robust and Adaptive Credibility Model. In: Sheng QZ, Bouguettaya A (eds) Trust Management in Cloud Services. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Brain Pathway Rediscovered After 100 Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Management of the Overseas Dependents School System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alameddine A (2013) Perceptions of executives from seven selected companies of the use of social media in marketing practices. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky BYL (2008) Body of Evidence. New York Times M2216

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dominissini 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sine and Engel 2006; Dominissini 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sine and Engel 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences
AbbreviationArchaeol. Anthropol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1866-9557
ISSN (online)1866-9565

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