How to format your references using the Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batista VS (2009) Chemistry. Energy flow under control. Science 326:245–246
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischbach MA, Walsh CT (2006) Biochemistry. Directing biosynthesis. Science 314:603–605
A journal article with 3 authors
Losos JB, Schoener TW, Spiller DA (2004) Predator-induced behaviour shifts and natural selection in field-experimental lizard populations. Nature 432:505–508
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gold W, Ewing K, Banks J, et al (2006) Community collaborations. Collaborative ecological restoration. Science 312:1880–1881

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abd-El-Barr M, El-Rewini H (2004) Fundamentals of Computer Organization and Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Banerjee S, Chakrabarti A (eds) (2013) Development and Sustainability: India in a Global Perspective. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Meiländer D, Bucchiarone A, Cappiello C, et al (2012) Using a Lifecycle Model for Developing and Executing Real-Time Online Applications on Clouds. In: Pallis G, Jmaiel M, Charfi A, et al. (eds) Service-Oriented Computing - ICSOC 2011 Workshops: ICSOC 2011, International Workshops WESOA, NFPSLAM-SOC, and Satellite Events, Paphos, Cyprus, December 5-8, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Bonobo Observed Giving Birth In The Wild For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Commercial Aviation: Structural Costs Continue to Challenge Legacy Airlines’ Financial Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim T (2017) Information-Theoretic Aspects of Signal Analysis and Reconstruction. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2017) Dance Moves Only for Males. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batista 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fischbach and Walsh 2006; Batista 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fischbach and Walsh 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gold et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences
AbbreviationArchaeol. Anthropol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1866-9557
ISSN (online)1866-9565

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