How to format your references using the Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickersin K (2010) Health-care policy. To reform U.S. health care, start with systematic reviews. Science 329:516–517
A journal article with 2 authors
Tuomisto H, Ruokolainen K (2012) Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science 335:1573; author reply 1573
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu W, Shang Y, Li W (2014) gp78 elongates of polyubiquitin chains from the distal end through the cooperation of its G2BR and CUE domains. Sci Rep 4:7138
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ranz JM, Castillo-Davis CI, Meiklejohn CD, Hartl DL (2003) Sex-dependent gene expression and evolution of the Drosophila transcriptome. Science 300:1742–1745

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou C (2013) Design and Analysis of Composite Structures. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Baranska M (ed) (2014) Optical Spectroscopy and Computational Methods in Biology and Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Rajasekar S, Sanjuan MAF (2016) Vibrational and Stochastic Resonances in Spatially Periodic Systems. In: Sanjuan MAF (ed) Nonlinear Resonances. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 139–160

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Used Cigarette Butts Could Be Used To Store Energy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Highways and Transit: Private Sector Sponsorship of and Investment in Major Projects Has Been Limited. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manandhar R (2017) Synthesis and Characterization of Some Novel Dinitrosyl Diphosphine Iron Complexes. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S (2017) Women Who Voted for Donald Trump, in Their Own Words. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickersin 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Dickersin 2010; Tuomisto and Ruokolainen 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tuomisto and Ruokolainen 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Ranz et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences
AbbreviationArchaeol. Anthropol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1866-9557
ISSN (online)1866-9565

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