How to format your references using the Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zebrowski G (2000) The holdouts. Nature 408:775
A journal article with 2 authors
Messing GL, Stevenson AJ (2008) Materials science. Toward pore-free ceramics. Science 322:383–384
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan CH, Williams CC, Weissman JS (2015) LOCAL TRANSLATION. Response to Comment on “Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling.” Science 348:1217
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gentner TQ, Fenn KM, Margoliash D, Nusbaum HC (2006) Recursive syntactic pattern learning by songbirds. Nature 440:1204–1207

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padilla E (2015) Substation Automation Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Sandau R, Roeser H-P, Valenzuela A (eds) (2010) Small Satellite Missions for Earth Observation: New Developments and Trends. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Sande S, Sadun E (2010) iPhone Messaging and Social Networking. In: Sadun E, Andres C, Welsh T, et al. (eds) Taking Your iPhone 4 to the Max. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 79–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Toddler Tantrums Might Be Influenced By Their Gut Bacteria. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Aerospace Testing: Promise of Closer NASA/DOD Cooperation Remains Largely Unfulfilled. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatton H (2013) How Rural Elementary Building Principals Conceptualize the Programs in Their Schools, the Processes of Connecting Students to Programs, and Their Leadership Role in Doing So. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M (2017) National Opera Names General Director. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zebrowski 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zebrowski 2000; Messing and Stevenson 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Messing and Stevenson 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gentner et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences
AbbreviationArchaeol. Anthropol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1866-9557
ISSN (online)1866-9565

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