How to format your references using the Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes D (2014) The cancer that rises with the sun. Nature 515:S110-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Beveridge C, Morris S (2007) Order of merit. Nature 448:508
A journal article with 3 authors
Brosco V, Ying Z-J, Lorenzana J (2013) Exact exchange-correlation potential of an ionic Hubbard model with a free surface. Sci Rep 3:2172
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yang P, Du CW, Kwan M, et al (2013) The impact of p53 in predicting clinical outcome of breast cancer patients with visceral metastasis. Sci Rep 3:2246

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes P (2008) The JCT 05 Standard Building Sub-Contract. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Ideker T, Bafna V (eds) (2007) Systems Biology and Computational Proteomics: Joint RECOMB 2006 Satellite Workshops on Systems Biology and on Computational Proteomics, San Diego, CA, USA, December 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chesbrough H, Di Minin A, Piccaluga A (2011) Percorsi di innovazione nei modelli di business. In: Minin AD, Varaldo R (eds) Nuovi modelli di business e creazione di valore: la Scienza dei Servizi. Springer, Milano, pp 73–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Yawns Are Contagious In Budgies. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/budgies-catch-yawns-just-people/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Highway Bridges: Major Projects Present Challenges for States, but Strategies Exist to Overcome Them. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano EA (2012) Hindemith’s Sonata for Viola, ope 11, no.4 A compositional and historical perspective. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Baker AL (2017) Bullying Seen as Prelude to Classroom Stabbing. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Beveridge and Morris 2007; Holmes 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beveridge and Morris 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences
AbbreviationArchaeol. Anthropol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1866-9557
ISSN (online)1866-9565
ScopeArchaeology
Anthropology

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