How to format your references using the Chemistry Central Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry Central Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher K (2000) BIOMEDICINE: “Glue Grant” Boosts Cell Signaling Consortium. Science 289:1854a
A journal article with 2 authors
Boughn S, Crittenden R (2004) A correlation between the cosmic microwave background and large-scale structure in the Universe. Nature 427:45–47
A journal article with 3 authors
Teuten EL, Xu L, Reddy CM (2005) Two abundant bioaccumulated halogenated compounds are natural products. Science 307:917–920
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Berndt T, Böge O, Stratmann F, et al (2005) Rapid formation of sulfuric acid particles at near-atmospheric conditions. Science 307:698–700

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schorn C, Taylor B (2004) NMR Spectroscopy: Data Acquisition. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Schomburg H, Teichler U (2011) Employability and Mobility of Bachelor Graduates in Europe: Key Results of the Bologna Process. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Cavailhès J, Brossard T, Hilal M, et al (2008) Pricing the Homebuyer’s Countryside View. In: Baranzini A, Ramirez J, Schaerer C, Thalmann P (eds) Hedonic Methods in Housing Markets: Pricing Environmental Amenities and Segregation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 83–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry Central Journal.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Iguanas Have Bird-Like Lungs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Financial Management Systems: Lack of Disciplined Processes Puts Implementation of HHS’ Financial System at Risk. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yasar K (2009) Electrified voices: Media technology and discourse in modern Japan. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Takei G (2017) A Place Called Manzanar. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry Central Journal
AbbreviationChem. Cent. J.
ISSN (online)1752-153X
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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