How to format your references using the Chemistry Central Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry Central Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain E (2005) The class of 2005. Spain: a physicist keen to put things in order. Science 310:520–521
A journal article with 2 authors
Errington JR, Debenedetti PG (2001) Relationship between structural order and the anomalies of liquid water. Nature 409:318–321
A journal article with 3 authors
Gill DL, Spassova MA, Soboloff J (2006) Signal transduction. Calcium entry signals--trickles and torrents. Science 313:183–184
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Van de Velde W, Zehirov G, Szatmari A, et al (2010) Plant peptides govern terminal differentiation of bacteria in symbiosis. Science 327:1122–1126

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todinov MT (2005) Reliability and Risk Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Feldman RM (2010) Applied Probability and Stochastic Processes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Dao-Tran M, Eiter T, Fink M, Krennwallner T (2011) First-Order Encodings for Modular Nonmonotonic Datalog Programs. In: Moor O de, Gottlob G, Furche T, Sellers A (eds) Datalog Reloaded: First International Workshop, Datalog 2010, Oxford, UK, March 16-19, 2010. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 59–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry Central Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientist At Work: Mathematician Collects Ocean And Glacier Data In The Field To Make Climate Models In The Lab. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) National Aeronautical Facilities Program: Issues Related to Its Cost and Need. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Humphreys BP (2013) The Role of Developmental Screening Practices in Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Analysis of All-Payer Claims Data in New Hampshire. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman J (2012) Reversal Of Course, Burst Of Emotions. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry Central Journal
AbbreviationChem. Cent. J.
ISSN (online)1752-153X
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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