How to format your references using the Chemistry Central Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry Central Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shi SH (2001) Amersham Biosciences & Science Prize. AMPA receptor dynamics and synaptic plasticity. Science 294:1851–1852
A journal article with 2 authors
Li X, Xu J (2014) Meta-analysis of the association between dietary lycopene intake and ovarian cancer risk in postmenopausal women. Sci Rep 4:4885
A journal article with 3 authors
Eisenberger NI, Lieberman MD, Williams KD (2003) Does rejection hurt? An FMRI study of social exclusion. Science 302:290–292
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Freeman C, Evans CD, Monteith DT, et al (2001) Export of organic carbon from peat soils. Nature 412:785

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Desmond KK (2011) Ideas about Art. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Krcmar H, Reussner R, Rumpe B (2014) Trusted Cloud Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bastolla U, Porto M, Roman HE, Vendruscolo M (2007) The Structurally Constrained Neutral Model of Protein Evolution. In: Bastolla U, Porto M, Roman HE, Vendruscolo M (eds) Structural Approaches to Sequence Evolution: Molecules, Networks, Populations. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 75–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry Central Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) NASA Has Seen “Spiders” Forming On Mars For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment at Federal Judicial Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mier LM (2012) Monitoring Electron Transfer Reactions using Ultrafast UV-Visible and Infrared Spectroscopy. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Diplomatic Traveling Supporter Of U.S. Team Sees the Big Picture. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry Central Journal
AbbreviationChem. Cent. J.
ISSN (online)1752-153X
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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