How to format your references using the Infectious Diseases of Poverty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infectious Diseases of Poverty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Savage N. Bioinformatics: Big data versus the big C. Nature. 2014;509:S66-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lohmann U, Lesins G. Stronger constraints on the anthropogenic indirect aerosol effect. Science. 2002;298:1012–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bloxham J, Zatman S, Dumberry M. The origin of geomagnetic jerks. Nature. 2002;420:65–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li Y, Zhou S, Dong G, Peng M, Wondraczek L, Qiu J. Anti-stokes fluorescent probe with incoherent excitation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4059.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dudbridge M. Handbook of Seal Integrity in the Food Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Szewczyk R, Zieliński C, Kaliczyńska M, editors. Progress in Automation, Robotics and Measuring Techniques: Volume 3 Measuring Techniques and Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mathis P, Sauer K. Historical Introduction to Photosystem I: The Discovery of the A1 and A2(Fx?) Acceptors by Time-Resolved Optical Spectroscopy. In: Golbeck JH, editor. Photosystem I: The Light-Driven Plastocyanin:Ferredoxin Oxidoreductase. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infectious Diseases of Poverty.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Bone Analysis Breakthrough Reveals Britain’s Last Hunter-Gatherers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Small Business Research Programs: Agencies Did Not Consistently Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Apr. Report No.: GAO-14-567T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Li L. Internal conflicts through external design: Costuming the contradictions in “The Love Song of J. Robert Oppenheimer” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Chronicling The Business Of the Games. New York Times. 2012 Aug 12;SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInfectious Diseases of Poverty
AbbreviationInfect. Dis. Poverty
ISSN (online)2049-9957

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