How to format your references using the Infection Prevention in Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infection Prevention in Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Eisenstein M. Pesticides: Seeking answers amid a toxic debate. Nature 2015;521:S52-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lu M, Fu D. Structure of the zinc transporter YiiP. Science 2007;317:1746–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Soroceanu L, Akhavan A, Cobbs CS. Platelet-derived growth factor-alpha receptor activation is required for human cytomegalovirus infection. Nature 2008;455:391–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Glur L, Wirth SB, Büntgen U, Gilli A, Haug GH, Schär C, et al. Frequent floods in the European Alps coincide with cooler periods of the past 2500 years. Sci Rep 2013;3:2770.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Savaux V, Louët Y. MMSE-Based Algorithm for Joint Signal Detection, Channel and Noise Variance Estimation for OFDM Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Quarteroni A, editor. Modeling the Heart and the Circulatory System. vol. 14. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Frade C, Acioly-Régnier N, Jun L. Beyond Deficit Models of Learning Mathematics: Socio-cultural Directions for Change and Research. In: Clements MA (ken), Bishop AJ, Keitel C, Kilpatrick J, Leung FKS, editors. Third International Handbook of Mathematics Education, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 101–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infection Prevention in Practice.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Ancient DNA Sheds Light on the Origin of Europeans. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/ancient-dna-sheds-light-origin-europeans/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research and Development: Contributions to and Results of the Small Business Technology Transfer Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Huff JA. Interactions of glyphosate and dicamba in controlling key weed species. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Conte L. Scouting Report. New York Times 2011:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInfection Prevention in Practice
ISSN (print)2590-0889
Scope

Other styles