How to format your references using the Indoor Air citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indoor Air. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe D. Agriculture: Beyond food versus fuel. Nature. 2011;474:S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Langer R, Tirrell DA. Designing materials for biology and medicine. Nature. 2004;428:487–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambert JB, Gurusamy-Thangavelu SA, Ma K. The silicate-mediated formose reaction: bottom-up synthesis of sugar silicates. Science. 2010;327:984–986.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yung M-H, Casanova J, Mezzacapo A, et al. From transistor to trapped-ion computers for quantum chemistry. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3589.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radwanska M, Stankiewicz A, Wosatko A, Pamin J. Plate and Shell Structures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Branke J, Deb K, Miettinen K, Słowiński R, eds. Multiobjective Optimization: Interactive and Evolutionary Approaches. Vol 5252. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Dayal U, Wilkinson K, Simitsis A, Castellanos M, Paz L. Optimization of Analytic Data Flows for Next Generation Business Intelligence Applications. In: Nambiar R, Poess M, eds. Topics in Performance Evaluation, Measurement and Characterization: Third TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2011, Seattle, WA, USA, August 29-September 3, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:46–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indoor Air.

Blog post
Andrew E. Mining For Metals In Society’s Waste. IFLScience. October 2, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Health Information Technology: HHS Has Taken Important Steps to Address Privacy Principles and Challenges, Although More Work Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gurska DP. Peering Down the Bottomless Well: Myth in Thomas Mann’s Joseph Tetralogy. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith M, Davey M, Blinder A. Random Shots on a Deadly Night for Kalamazoo. New York Times. February 21, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndoor Air
AbbreviationIndoor Air
ISSN (print)0905-6947
ISSN (online)1600-0668
ScopeBuilding and Construction
Environmental Engineering
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles