How to format your references using the Indoor Air citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indoor Air. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hambley TW. Chemistry. Metal-based therapeutics. Science. 2007;318:1392–1393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayes R, Weiss H. Epidemiology. Understanding HIV epidemic trends in Africa. Science. 2006;311:620–621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yanagisawa S, Yoo S-D, Sheen J. Differential regulation of EIN3 stability by glucose and ethylene signalling in plants. Nature. 2003;425:521–525.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pérez-Sieira S, López M, Nogueiras R, Tovar S. Regulation of NR4A by nutritional status, gender, postnatal development and hormonal deficiency. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molloy M, Larner W. Fashioning Globalisation. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Kantak KM, Wettstein JG, eds. Cognitive Enhancement. Vol 228. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee M-Y, Hu C-H. Using Latent Variable to Estimate Parameters of Inverse Gaussian Distribution Based on Time-Censored Wiener Degradation Data. In: Lin Y-K, Tsao Y-C, Lin S-W, eds. Proceedings of the Institute of Industrial Engineers Asian Conference 2013. Singapore: Springer; 2013:29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indoor Air.

Blog post
Luntz S. Pigeon Pecking Order Gets Them Home. IFLScience. June 11, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Need for Improvements in the Automated Payroll System of the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green SW. The influence of satisfaction among African American males on community college choices. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood C. A Milkman Returns, Emotional as Ever. New York Times. December 21, 2015:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndoor Air
AbbreviationIndoor Air
ISSN (print)0905-6947
ISSN (online)1600-0668
ScopeBuilding and Construction
Environmental Engineering
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles