How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2002). Rising star crashes back to Earth. Nature 419, 420–421.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S.-J., and Masliah, E. (2015). Neurodegeneration: Aggregates feel the strain. Nature 522, 296–297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thore, S., Leibundgut, M., and Ban, N. (2006). Structure of the eukaryotic thiamine pyrophosphate riboswitch with its regulatory ligand. Science 312, 1208–1211.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Caspi, A., McClay, J., Moffitt, T. E., Mill, J., Martin, J., Craig, I. W., et al. (2002). Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children. Science 297, 851–854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper, N., Forrest, K., and Cramp, P. (2008). Essential Guide to Acute Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Frazzoli, E., Lozano-Perez, T., Roy, N., and Rus, D. eds. (2013). Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics X: Proceedings of the Tenth Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagoshi, J. L., Nagoshi, C. T., and Brzuzy, S. (2014). “The Qualitative Approach to Socially Constructed Identities,” in Gender and Sexual Identity: Transcending Feminist and Queer Theory, eds. C. T. Nagoshi and S. Brzuzy (New York, NY: Springer), 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Sailor’s Thumbnail Reveals Diet Details of Franklin’s Doomed Arctic Expedition. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Education Research: Education Should Improve Assessments of R&D Centers, Regional Labs, and Comprehensive Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. (2010). Viviendo en las sombras: Examining the educational experiences of undocumented immigrant Latino students in a public secondary school setting.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014). In Suit, Ex-Employee Says Drug-Test Firm Mishandled Result. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2002; Lee and Masliah, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Masliah, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Caspi et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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