How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dinman, J. D. (2015). Molecular biology: Entry signals control development. Nature 517, 24–25.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karpowich, N. K., and Wang, D.-N. (2008). Structural biology. Symmetric transporters for asymmetric transport. Science 321, 781–782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lieberman, E., Hauert, C., and Nowak, M. A. (2005). Evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Nature 433, 312–316.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lovering, A. L., de Castro, L. H., Lim, D., and Strynadka, N. C. J. (2007). Structural insight into the transglycosylation step of bacterial cell-wall biosynthesis. Science 315, 1402–1405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed, J., and Hakonen, H. (2006). Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Baggili, I. ed. (2011). Digital Forensics and Cyber Crime: Second International ICST Conference, ICDF2C 2010, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, October 4-6, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sitdikova, G. F., and Zefirov, A. L. (2012). “Gasotransmitters in Regulation of Neuromuscular Transmission,” in Gasotransmitters: Physiology and Pathophysiology, eds. A. Hermann, G. F. Sitdikova, and T. M. Weiger (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 139–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). NASA Mission Brings Pluto Into Sharp Focus – but it’s Still Not a Planet. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Improved Planning of Future Rehabilitation Projects Could Prevent Limitations Identified with SafeTrack. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tubbs, M. A. (2014). The use of hand-constructed graphs in Microcomputer-Based Laboratories for kinematics instruction.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., and Cooper, M. (2011). Illinois Pension Bonds to Test Investors’ Faith. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dinman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Karpowich and Wang, 2008; Dinman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karpowich and Wang, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lovering et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

Other styles