How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stubbe, J. (2011). Biochemistry. The two faces of SAM. Science 332, 544–545.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watanabe, R., and Noji, H. (2014). Characterization of the temperature-sensitive reaction of F1-ATPase by using single-molecule manipulation. Sci. Rep. 4, 4962.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nelson, W. A., Bjørnstad, O. N., and Yamanaka, T. (2013). Recurrent insect outbreaks caused by temperature-driven changes in system stability. Science 341, 796–799.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Woodard, J. D., Sherrick, B. J., Atwood, D. M., Blair, R., Fogel, G., Goeser, N., et al. (2018). The power of agricultural data. Science 362, 410–411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bamfield, P. (2006). Research and Development in the Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Papadopoulou, D. ed. (2006). Cross-linguistic Variation in Sentence Processing: Evidence from RC Attachment Preferences in Greek. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Branton, N. (2009). “Landscape Approaches in Historical Archaeology: The Archaeology of Places,” in International Handbook of Historical Archaeology, eds. D. Gaimster and T. Majewski (New York, NY: Springer), 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Cancer Drug Promises To Break Down Barrier To HIV Cure. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987). Telephone Communications: Controlling Cross-Subsidy Between Regulated and Competitive Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodwell, L. Y. (2017). Do athletic trainers have a positive impact on high school athletes’ knowledge of injury prevention and training habits?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012). Tighter Rules Are Issued On Municipal Bond Deals. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stubbe, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Stubbe, 2011; Watanabe and Noji, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watanabe and Noji, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Woodard et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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