How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. (2002). Winning universities set out to fulfil Japan’s plans for excellence. Nature 419, 547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michaelis, S., and Hrycyna, C. A. (2013). Biochemistry. A protease for the ages. Science 339, 1529–1530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reinisch, K. M., Nibert, M. L., and Harrison, S. C. (2000). Structure of the reovirus core at 3.6 A resolution. Nature 404, 960–967.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang, B. J., Hwang, T., Nam, J.-D., Suhr, J., and Kim, K. J. (2014). Noncovalently assembled nanotubular porous layers for delaying of heating surface failure. Sci. Rep. 4, 6817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Acharya, V. V., Cooley, T. F., Richardson, M., and Walter, I. (2010). Regulating Wall Street. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
André, M. P., Akiyama, I., Andre, M., Arnold, W., Bamber, J., Burov, V., et al. eds. (2007). Acoustical Imaging. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gomez, F., Ko, W.-Y., Davis, A., and Tishkoff, S. A. (2013). “Impact of Natural Selection Due to Malarial Disease on Human Genetic Variation,” in Primates, Pathogens, and Evolution, eds. J. F. Brinkworth and K. Pechenkina (New York, NY: Springer), 117–160.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Mysterious Satellite Sparks Concerns That Russia Has Developed A Space Weapon. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Alaskan Offshore Shipping: Changing Federal Regulation and Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whitesides, V. J. (2017). The Large Ensemble/European Classical Music Paradigm and African American-Originated Dance-Musicking: A Dispositival Analysis of U.S. Secondary Music Education.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011). William Schreyer, 83, Merrill Chief, Dies. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski, 2002; Michaelis and Hrycyna, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michaelis and Hrycyna, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

Other styles