How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Serageldin, I. (2002). The rice genome. World poverty and hunger--the challenge for science. Science 296, 54–58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pophristic, V., and Goodman, L. (2001). Hyperconjugation not steric repulsion leads to the staggered structure of ethane. Nature 411, 565–568.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland, N. D., Holland, L. Z., and Holland, P. W. H. (2015). Scenarios for the making of vertebrates. Nature 520, 450–455.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin, H., Van Wagner, E., Freeman, B. D., Toy, L. G., and Gupta, R. P. (2006). Plasticization-enhanced hydrogen purification using polymeric membranes. Science 311, 639–642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armstrong, R. A., and Hilton, A. C. (2010). Statistical Analysis in Microbiology: Statnotes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dutta, S., Meyer, A. D., Jain, A., and Richter, G. eds. (2006). The Information Society in an Enlarged Europe. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Owen, B. M., and Rosston, G. L. (2006). “Local Broadband Access: Primum Non Nocere or Primum Processi? A Property Rights Approach,” in Net Neutrality or Net Neutering: Should Broadband Internet Services be Regulated, eds. T. M. Lenard and R. J. May (Boston, MA: Springer US), 163–194.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017). Bony Crests On Skulls Of Extinct Species Could Reveal Social Dynamics. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Electronic Government: Implementation of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, G. (2013). Development of a nutrition-based curriculum for farm-to-school programs for the fourth and fifth grades.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wakabayashi, D., and Qiu, L. (2017). Google Serves Fake News Ads On Fact-Check Sites (Really). New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Serageldin, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Pophristic and Goodman, 2001; Serageldin, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pophristic and Goodman, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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