How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genetics of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giardini, D. (2009). Geothermal quake risks must be faced. Nature 462, 848–849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, S. C., and Hu, J. (2001). A four-dimensional generalization of the quantum Hall effect. Science 294, 823–828.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, W., Smith, C., and Cheng, L. (2013). Expanded activity of dimer nucleases by combining ZFN and TALEN for genome editing. Sci. Rep. 3, 2376.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huber, J. A., Mark Welch, D. B., Morrison, H. G., Huse, S. M., Neal, P. R., Butterfield, D. A., et al. (2007). Microbial population structures in the deep marine biosphere. Science 318, 97–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gramß, T., Bornholdt, S., Groß, M., Mitchell, M., and Pellizzari, T. (2005). Non-Standard Computation. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Andrica, D. (2009). Number Theory: Structures, Examples, and Problems. , ed. T. Andreescu Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodrigues de Morais, S., and Aussem, A. (2009). “Exploiting Data Missingness in Bayesian Network Modeling,” in Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis VIII: 8th International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis, IDA 2009, Lyon, France, August 31 - September 2, 2009. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. N. M. Adams, C. Robardet, A. Siebes, and J.-F. Boulicaut (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genetics of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Remind Me Again, How Does Cannabis Affect The Brain? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974). The Process for Identifying Needs and Establishing Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thom, R. R. (2008). Beyond the numbers: A phenomenological study of intangible assets for small manufacturing business valuation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009). Scones Upon Scones, Sold at the Shore. New York Times, NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giardini, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang and Hu, 2001; Giardini, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Hu, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Huber et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genetics of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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