How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Burgess D. Taking on that first faculty job. Nature. 2007;447:1142.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Downing AL, Leibold MA. Ecosystem consequences of species richness and composition in pond food webs. Nature. 2002;416:837–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wang J-T, Chen C, Kawazoe Y. New carbon allotropes with helical chains of complementary chirality connected by ethene-type π-conjugation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3077.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lanyon BP, Hempel C, Nigg D, Müller M, Gerritsma R, Zähringer F, et al. Universal digital quantum simulation with trapped ions. Science. 2011;334:57–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Souza de Cursi E. Variational Methods for Engineers with Matlab®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Meyer B, Joseph M, editors. Software Engineering Approaches for Offshore and Outsourced Development: First International Conference, SEAFOOD 2007, Zurich, Switzerland, February 5-6, 2007. Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Deepak P, Deshpande PM. Advanced Operators for Similarity Search. In: Deshpande PM, editor. Operators for Similarity Search: Semantics, Techniques and Usage Scenarios. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 55–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Virology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Sleeping On Your Side Is Good For Your Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Comments on JTPA Bills. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 May. Report No.: HRD-92-35R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rodriguez JM. A recruitment campaign for Latino non-kin foster parents: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Leguizamo J. … I Faced a Hostile Audience (Kids). New York Times. 2017 Mar 21;AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Virology
ISSN (print)0970-2822
ISSN (online)0974-0120
Scope

Other styles