How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gresham D. Evolution: Fitness tracking for adapting populations. Nature. 2015;519:164–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fujiwara M, Caswell H. Demography of the endangered North Atlantic right whale. Nature. 2001;414:537–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Suzuki N, Nishiura M, Wakatsuki Y. Isolation and structural characterization of 1-zirconacyclopent-3-yne, five-membered cyclic alkynes. Science. 2002;295:660–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Nagarkar SS, Saha T, Desai AV, Talukdar P, Ghosh SK. Metal-organic framework based highly selective fluorescence turn-on probe for hydrogen sulphide. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Banks D. An Introduction to Thermogeology: Ground Source Heating and Cooling. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1. Landau ID. Adaptive Control: Algorithms, Analysis and Applications. Second Edition. Lozano R, M’Saad M, Karimi A, editors. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Arrigo A-P. Anti-apoptotic, Tumorigenic and Metastatic Potential of Hsp27 (HspB1) and αB-crystallin (HspB5): Emerging Targets for the Development of New Anti-Cancer Therapeutic Strategies. In: Calderwood SK, Sherman MY, Ciocca DR, editors. Heat Shock Proteins in Cancer. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Virology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New System Lets Humans Control Mouse Genes With Their Thoughts [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/new-system-lets-humans-control-mouse-genes-their-thoughts/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Coast Guard: Clarifying the Application of Guidance for Common Operational Picture Development Would Strengthen Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Apr. Report No.: GAO-13-321.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Crumlish SB. Domingo Chileno: An Overture for Orchestra [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Paulson M. Give My Regards To E Street. New York Times. 2017 Sep 8;AR37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Virology
ISSN (print)0970-2822
ISSN (online)0974-0120
Scope

Other styles