How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Simonton DK. After Einstein: Scientific genius is extinct. Nature. 2013;493:602.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cook-Deegan RM, McCormack SJ. Intellectual property. Patents, secrecy, and DNA. Science. 2001;293:217.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Taylor PD, Day T, Wild G. Evolution of cooperation in a finite homogeneous graph. Nature. 2007;447:469–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Krusin-Elbaum L, Newns DM, Zeng H, Derycke V, Sun JZ, Sandstrom R. Room-temperature ferromagnetic nanotubes controlled by electron or hole doping. Nature. 2004;431:672–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Belsey C. A Future for Criticism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. O’Connor RV, Rout T, McCaffery F, Dorling A, editors. Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 11th International Conference, SPICE 2011, Dublin, Ireland, May 30 – June 1, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Guarnieri FA. Biomechanics of Subtractive Surgery: From ALK to LASIK. In: Guarnieri FA, editor. Corneal Biomechanics and Refractive Surgery. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Virology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. What Should You Do If You’re Bitten By A Snake? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/what-should-you-do-if-you-re-bitten-snake/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Compliance Status Information on Biomedical Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Oct. Report No.: T-AIMD-00-26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Malet DS. Foreign fighters: Transnational identity in civil conflicts [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Lugo, Paying No Mind to His Elbow, Earns Dividends. New York Times. 2017 Jun 11;D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Virology
ISSN (print)0970-2822
ISSN (online)0974-0120
Scope

Other styles