How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Virology (Indian J. Virol.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. O’Keeffe M. Edge effects. Nature. 2002;419:28–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Li L, Clevers H. Coexistence of quiescent and active adult stem cells in mammals. Science. 2010;327:542–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Plaks V, Koopman CD, Werb Z. Cancer. Circulating tumor cells. Science. 2013;341:1186–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kuwatani T, Nagata K, Okada M, Watanabe T, Ogawa Y, Komai T, et al. Machine-learning techniques for geochemical discrimination of 2011 Tohoku tsunami deposits. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Green PE Jr. Fiber to the Home. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Erchul WP. School Consultation: Conceptual and Empirical Bases of Practice. 3rd ed. Martens BK, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Udwadia FE, Wanichanon T. A New Approach to the Tracking Control of Uncertain Nonlinear Multi-body Mechanical Systems. In: Jazar RN, Dai L, editors. Nonlinear Approaches in Engineering Applications 2. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 101–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Virology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. How A Saviour Of The Ozone Hole Became A Climate Change Villain – And How We’re Going To Fix It [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-a-saviour-of-the-ozone-hole-became-a-climate-change-villain-and-how-were-going-to-fix-it/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Issues Related to Local Telephone Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Aug. Report No.: RCED-00-237.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Louviere EC. Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Kvitova Keeps Expectations Low, Even if Oddsmakers Disagree. New York Times. 2017 Jul 1;SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Virology
ISSN (print)0970-2822
ISSN (online)0974-0120
Scope

Other styles