How to format your references using the Sport Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sport Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dagotto, E. (2001). Superconductivity. The race to beat the cuprates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5539), 2410–2411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goodell, M. A., & Rando, T. A. (2015). Stem cells and healthy aging. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6265), 1199–1204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barna, M., Pandolfi, P. P., & Niswander, L. (2005). Gli3 and Plzf cooperate in proximal limb patterning at early stages of limb development. Nature, 436(7048), 277–281.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hedges, L. M., Brownlie, J. C., O’Neill, S. L., & Johnson, K. N. (2008). Wolbachia and virus protection in insects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5902), 702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogstad, D. H., Mileant, A., & Pham, T. T. (2005). Antenna Arraying Techniques in the Deep Space Network. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Silva, L., & Figueiredo, E. (Eds.). (2013). Shaping Rural Areas in Europe: Perceptions and Outcomes on the Present and the Future (Vol. 107). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Miao, Z., Liu, C., & Lin, X. (2011). FCM Algorithm Based on Improved Automatic Segmentation of MRI Brain Images. In Y. Yu, Z. Yu, & J. Zhao (Eds.), Computer Science for Environmental Engineering and EcoInformatics: International Workshop, CSEEE 2011, Kunming, China, July 29-31, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 24–29). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sport Management Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, May 9). This Technique Could Detect Radiation Up To 1 Kilometer Away. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Efforts To Improve School Lunch Programs--Are They Paying Off? (CED-81-121). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, T. E. (2010). Sedimentation solutions for the Port of Gulfport, MS [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, June 25). World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Journalists Sentenced. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dagotto, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dagotto, 2001; Goodell & Rando, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goodell & Rando, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Barna et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hedges et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSport Management Review
AbbreviationSport Manage. Rev.
ISSN (print)1441-3523
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Management Science and Operations Research

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