How to format your references using the Sport Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sport Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tso, T. C. (2004). Agriculture of the future. Nature, 428(6979), 215–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scharlemann, J. P. W., & Laurance, W. F. (2008). Environmental science. How green are biofuels? Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5859), 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jaeger, T. F., Pontillo, D., & Graff, P. (2012). Comment on “Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6072), 1042; author reply 1042.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Egan, D. F., Shackelford, D. B., Mihaylova, M. M., Gelino, S., Kohnz, R. A., Mair, W., Vasquez, D. S., Joshi, A., Gwinn, D. M., Taylor, R., Asara, J. M., Fitzpatrick, J., Dillin, A., Viollet, B., Kundu, M., Hansen, M., & Shaw, R. J. (2011). Phosphorylation of ULK1 (hATG1) by AMP-activated protein kinase connects energy sensing to mitophagy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6016), 456–461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robinson, N., Hall, G., & Fawcett, W. (2011). How to Survive in Anaesthesia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chaudron, M. R. V. (Ed.). (2009). Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MODELS 2008, Toulouse, France, September 28 - October 3, 2008. Reports and Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 5421). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lachapelle, J.-M. (2009). The Standard Series of Patch Tests. In H. I. Maibach, J. Ring, U. Darsow, & T. Rustemeyer (Eds.), Patch Testing and Prick Testing: A Practical Guide Official Publication of the ICDRG (pp. 71–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sport Management Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, November 12). Gravity May Delay Loss Of Antarctic Ice. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates (RCED-00-164). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dasari, R. A. (2016). Automatic driving system by recognizing road signs using digital image processing [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2014, August 9). Bankruptcy Judge Gets View of Detroit Outside Courtroom. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tso, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Scharlemann & Laurance, 2008; Tso, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scharlemann & Laurance, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Jaeger et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Egan et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleSport Management Review
AbbreviationSport Manage. Rev.
ISSN (print)1441-3523
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Management Science and Operations Research

Other styles