How to format your references using the Sport Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sport Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zon, L. I. (2008). Intrinsic and extrinsic control of haematopoietic stem-cell self-renewal. Nature, 453(7193), 306–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atran, S., & Ginges, J. (2012). Religious and sacred imperatives in human conflict. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 855–857.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pendry, J. B., Martín-Moreno, L., & Garcia-Vidal, F. J. (2004). Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5685), 847–848.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lim, J., Lee, H.-G., Lee, S., Park, C.-Y., & Ahn, J. (2014). Ultrafast Ramsey interferometry to implement cold atomic qubit gates. Scientific Reports, 4, 5867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey, J. S., Fiore, L. B., & Brion-Meisels, S. (2016). Your Child’s Social and Emotional Well-Being. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Greiner, A. (2015). Public Debt, Sustainability and Economic Growth: Theory and Empirics (B. Fincke, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sracic, M. W., & Allen, M. S. (2011). Numerical Continuation of Periodic Orbits for Harmonically Forced Nonlinear Systems. In T. Proulx (Ed.), Civil Engineering Topics, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 29th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2011 (pp. 51–69). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sport Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 27). Scientists Identify Brain Expanding Gene In Humans. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Better Use of Information Technology Can Reduce the Burden of Federal Paperwork (GGD-83-39). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Djajalaksana, Y. M. (2011). A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2014, February 13). An Announcement Hits the Right Note. New York Times, B21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zon, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Atran & Ginges, 2012; Zon, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atran & Ginges, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Pendry et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSport Management Review
AbbreviationSport Manage. Rev.
ISSN (print)1441-3523
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Management Science and Operations Research

Other styles