How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence In Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence In Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kerr RA. SAVING KYOTO: A Well-Intentioned Cleanup Gets Mixed Reviews. Science 2000;290:921.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Greenamyre JT, Hastings TG. Biomedicine. Parkinson’s--divergent causes, convergent mechanisms. Science 2004;304:1120–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fisher RJ, Pevsner J, Burgoyne RD. Control of fusion pore dynamics during exocytosis by Munc18. Science 2001;291:875–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Maillet F, Poinsot V, André O, Puech-Pagès V, Haouy A, Gueunier M, et al. Fungal lipochitooligosaccharide symbiotic signals in arbuscular mycorrhiza. Nature 2011;469:58–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Perry DE, Haluska MJ. Hiring Greatness. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Magal P, Ruan S, editors. Structured Population Models in Biology and Epidemiology. vol. 1936. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Joyner D, Kim J-L. Hyperelliptic Curves and Quadratic Residue Codes. In: Kim J-L, editor. Selected Unsolved Problems in Coding Theory, Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2011, p. 123–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence In Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. NASA Paid This Guy $18,000 To Lie In A Bed For 70 Days. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/nasa-paid-guy-18000-lie-bed-70-days/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Rail Transit: Additional Federal Leadership Would Enhance FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ly L. Performance Appraisal in a Family Business. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M, Dowd M. The Company He Keeps. New York Times 1993:620.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence In Medicine
AbbreviationArtif. Intell. Med.
ISSN (print)0933-3657
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles