How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence In Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence In Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mank JE. Evolution. Sexual selection and Darwin’s mystery of mysteries. Science 2009;326:1639–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Geschwind DH, Flint J. Genetics and genomics of psychiatric disease. Science 2015;349:1489–94.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Supèr H, Spekreijse H, Lamme VA. A neural correlate of working memory in the monkey primary visual cortex. Science 2001;293:120–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
McDonald GR, Hudson AL, Dunn SMJ, You H, Baker GB, Whittal RM, et al. Bioactive contaminants leach from disposable laboratory plasticware. Science 2008;322:917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Mastro PF. Plastics Product Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Wang J-Y, Casero RA, editors. Polyamine Cell Signaling: Physiology, Pharmacology, and Cancer Research. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Wolverton S, Barker A, Dombrosky J. Paleoethnobiology. In: Albuquerque UP, Nóbrega Alves RR, editors. Introduction to Ethnobiology, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence In Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Underwater Robots Help Scientists See Where Marine Larvae Go And How They Get There. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/underwater-robots-help-scientists-see-where-marine-larvae-go-and-how-they-get-there/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Homeland Security: Improvements in Managing Research and Development Could Help Reduce Inefficiencies and Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Torres A. An understanding of the first-generation community college student: A strengths and assets approach. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly S. Op-Art. New York Times 2003:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence In Medicine
AbbreviationArtif. Intell. Med.
ISSN (print)0933-3657
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Medicine (miscellaneous)

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