How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence In Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence In Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Naldini L. Gene therapy returns to centre stage. Nature 2015;526:351–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lukas D, Clutton-Brock TH. The evolution of social monogamy in mammals. Science 2013;341:526–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Atsumi S, Hanai T, Liao JC. Non-fermentative pathways for synthesis of branched-chain higher alcohols as biofuels. Nature 2008;451:86–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Manzo C, van Zanten TS, Saha S, Torreno-Pina JA, Mayor S, Garcia-Parajo MF. PSF decomposition of nanoscopy images via Bayesian analysis unravels distinct molecular organization of the cell membrane. Sci Rep 2014;4:4354.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Strachman D, Bookbinder R. Fund of Funds Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Kakaç S, Kosoy B, Li D, Pramuanjaroenkij A, editors. Microfluidics Based Microsystems: Fundamentals and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gribble CP. Interactive Particle Visualisation. In: Liere R, Adriaansen T, Zudilova-Seinstra E, editors. Trends in Interactive Visualization: State-of-the-Art Survey, London: Springer; 2009, p. 79–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence In Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. First Taste Of Freedom For 6 Overjoyed Animals Caught On Film. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/first-taste-freedom-6-overjoyed-animals-caught-film/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Certification: Limited Progress on Developing International Design Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Schoettler MR. A Publish-Subscribe Framework for Embedded Systems: Simplifying the Development Process. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Friedland S. THE RUSSIAN STUDENT QUESTION AS SEEN BY A RUSSIAN WOMAN. New York Times 1902:The New York Times MAGAZINE SUPPLEMENTSM13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence In Medicine
AbbreviationArtif. Intell. Med.
ISSN (print)0933-3657
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Medicine (miscellaneous)

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