How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns MA. Analytic chemistry. Everyone’s a (future) chemist. Science. 2002 Jun 7;296(5574):1818–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Merikangas KR, Risch N. Genomic priorities and public health. Science. 2003 Oct 24;302(5645):599–601.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rikkinen J, Oksanen I, Lohtander K. Lichen guilds share related cyanobacterial symbionts. Science. 2002 Jul 19;297(5580):357.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ge W-P, Yang X-J, Zhang Z, Wang H-K, Shen W, Deng Q-D, et al. Long-term potentiation of neuron-glia synapses mediated by Ca2+-permeable AMPA receptors. Science. 2006 Jun 9;312(5779):1533–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Svensson H. Cable-Stayed Bridges. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Pereyra MC, Marcantognini S, Stokolos AM, Urbina W, editors. Harmonic Analysis, Partial Differential Equations, Complex Analysis, Banach Spaces, and Operator Theory (Volume 1): Celebrating Cora Sadosky’s life. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XVI, 371 p. 43 illus., 17 illus. in color. (Association for Women in Mathematics Series; vol. 4).
A chapter in an edited book
Trujillo M, Romero R, Berjano E. Modelos Teóricos basados en Métodos Numéricos de un Aplicador Cool-tip para Ablación RF de Tumores: Relación entre la Temperatura y la Impedancia. In: Folgueras Méndez J, Aznielle Rodríguez TY, Calderón Marín CF, Llanusa Ruiz SB, Castro Medina J, Vega Vázquez H, et al., editors. V Latin American Congress on Biomedical Engineering CLAIB 2011 May 16-21, 2011, Habana, Cuba: Sustainable Technologies for the Health of All. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 17–20. (IFMBE Proceedings).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Luntz S. 1.7-Million-Year-Old Human Cancer Is The Oldest Ever Found [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Contract Oversight and Performance Provisions for Major Work Packages. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: NSIAD-92-171BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasan SN. Design and optimization of 2012 Formula SAE chassis with finite element analysis for CSULB [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. The President’s Prime Time. New York Times. 2017 Jan 22;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Urology
AbbreviationIndian J. Urol.
ISSN (print)0970-1591
ISSN (online)1998-3824

Other styles