How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubery E. A year of opportunity. Nature. 2001 Apr 19;410(6831):867–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li J, Timko MP. Gene-for-gene resistance in Striga-cowpea associations. Science. 2009 Aug 28;325(5944):1094.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg VC, Panthani MG, Korgel BA. Phase transitions, melting dynamics, and solid-state diffusion in a nano test tube. Science. 2009 Oct 16;326(5951):405–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kvist A, Lindström A, Green M, Piersma T, Visser GH. Carrying large fuel loads during sustained bird flight is cheaper than expected. Nature. 2001 Oct 18;413(6857):730–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor R. Handbook of Retinal Screening in Diabetes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Osterholtz AJ, editor. Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIII, 255 p. 65 illus., 40 illus. in color. (Bioarchaeology and Social Theory).
A chapter in an edited book
Li W, Tanaka Y, Okamura H. IL-18. In: Yoshimoto T, Yoshimoto T, editors. Cytokine Frontiers: Regulation of Immune Responses in Health and Disease. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014. p. 103–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Hale T. Green Fireballs Spotted In The Skies Above Poland And Thailand. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Atlanta Region: Welcome to the Now South! Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Jan. Report No.: 115187.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Calderwood A. Improving the singer’s understanding of bebop language: Transcription application [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Bugs. New York Times. 2017 Sep 26;C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Urology
AbbreviationIndian J. Urol.
ISSN (print)0970-1591
ISSN (online)1998-3824

Other styles