How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carmody J. Celebrating science. Nature. 2001 Jul 26;412(6845):383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang P, Beauchamp GK. Evolution. Sensing nectar’s sweetness. Science. 2014 Aug 22;345(6199):878–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich PD, Liaw H-P, Lee AK. Place cells. Large environments reveal the statistical structure governing hippocampal representations. Science. 2014 Aug 15;345(6198):814–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bai H, Li X, Hu C, Zhang X, Li J, Yan Y, et al. Large-scale, three-dimensional, free-standing, and mesoporous metal oxide networks for high-performance photocatalysis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ehrlich E, Fanelli D. The Financial Services Marketing Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Paredes R, Cardoso JS, Pardo XM, editors. Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: 7th Iberian Conference, IbPRIA 2015, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 17-19, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XVI, 753 p. 275 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9117).
A chapter in an edited book
Bernkop-Schnürch A. Low Molecular Mass Permeation Enhancers in Oral Delivery of Macromolecular Drugs. In: Bernkop-Schnürch A, editor. Oral Delivery of Macromolecular Drugs: Barriers, Strategies and Future Trends. New York, NY: Springer US; 2009. p. 85–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Create World’s Thinnest Light Bulb Using Graphene [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Certification: Limited Progress on Developing International Design Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Aug. Report No.: RCED-92-179.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons-Johnson N. The path to graduation: A model interactive Web site design supporting doctoral students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. Testimony By Comey Turns Into Ratings Gold. New York Times. 2017 Jun 10;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Urology
AbbreviationIndian J. Urol.
ISSN (print)0970-1591
ISSN (online)1998-3824

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