How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hawks J. The Y chromosome and the replacement hypothesis. Science. 2001 Jul 27;293(5530):567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armatas GS, Kanatzidis MG. Hexagonal mesoporous germanium. Science. 2006 Aug 11;313(5788):817–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe Y, Martini JE, Ohmoto H. Geochemical evidence for terrestrial ecosystems 2.6 billion years ago. Nature. 2000 Nov 30;408(6812):574–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Snow DR, Gahegan M, Giles CL, Hirth KG, Milner GR, Mitra P, et al. Information science. Cybertools and archaeology. Science. 2006 Feb 17;311(5763):958–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kappe CO, Stadler A, Dallinger D. Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Guillard V. Food Structure and Moisture Transfer: A Modeling Approach. Bourlieu C, Gontard N, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. VII, 60 p. 13 illus., 6 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Food, Health, and Nutrition; vol. 8).
A chapter in an edited book
Chou CL, Bell J, Chou CM, Chang A. Remediation of Interpersonal and Communication Skills. In: Kalet A, Chou CL, editors. Remediation in Medical Education: A Mid-Course Correction. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. A Planet Is Being Devoured By Its Young Star [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Small Business: Proposed Amendments to the Small Business Innovation Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: RCED-89-173.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez JC. Theoretically tested remediation in response to insect resistance to Bt corn and Bt cotton: A new paradigm [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. A Different View of London. New York Times. 2016 Sep 11;BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Urology
AbbreviationIndian J. Urol.
ISSN (print)0970-1591
ISSN (online)1998-3824

Other styles