How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G. Gravity experiment sparks spat between physicists. Nature. 2003 Jan 16;421(6920):198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jakse N, Pasturel A. Liquid Aluminum: atomic diffusion and viscosity from ab initio molecular dynamics. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 5;3:3135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyons JR, Lewis RS, Clayton RN. Comment on “Experimental test of self-shielding in vacuum ultraviolet photodissociation of CO.” Science. 2009 Jun 19;324(5934):1516;author reply 1516.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Okamura-Oho Y, Shimokawa K, Nishimura M, Takemoto S, Sato A, Furuichi T, et al. Broad integration of expression maps and co-expression networks compassing novel gene functions in the brain. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 10;4:6969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Römer H. Theoretical Optics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
Lebow RN, editor. Richard Ned Lebow: Key Texts in Political Psychology and International Relations Theory. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIII, 159 p. 15 illus., 10 illus. in color. (Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice; vol. 4).
A chapter in an edited book
Behnke S, Berg D. Transcranial Ultrasonography in Movement Disorders. In: Nahab FB, Hattori N, editors. Neuroimaging of Movement Disorders. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. p. 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Davis J. Most Dinosaurs Were Probably Scaly, Not Feathered [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Broadband: Intended Outcomes and Effectiveness of Efforts to Address Adoption Barriers Are Unclear. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Jun. Report No.: GAO-15-473.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heitz SL. A Mindfulness Approach to Help Teachers And Staff Provide Support to High School Students: A Self-Instructional Curriculum [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Fire Survivor and a Possible Olympian: A Horse Named Neville. New York Times. 2012 Jan 13;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Urology
AbbreviationIndian J. Urol.
ISSN (print)0970-1591
ISSN (online)1998-3824

Other styles