How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Treutlein, “Physics. A single spin feels the vibrations,” Science, vol. 335, no. 6076, pp. 1584–1585, Mar. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Shapiro and R. Losick, “Retrospective. Francois Jacob (1920-2013),” Science, vol. 340, no. 6135, p. 939, May 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. V. Kovalenko, M. Scheele, and D. V. Talapin, “Colloidal nanocrystals with molecular metal chalcogenide surface ligands,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5933, pp. 1417–1420, Jun. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. K. Bijl, S. Schouten, A. Sluijs, G.-J. Reichart, J. C. Zachos, and H. Brinkhuis, “Early Palaeogene temperature evolution of the southwest Pacific Ocean,” Nature, vol. 461, no. 7265, pp. 776–779, Oct. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Xing, C. D. Vecitis, and N. Senesi, Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment: Biophysicochemical Processes and Toxicity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
R. G. Sultana, Ed., Educators of the Mediterranean… …Up Close and Personal: Critical Voices from South Europe and the MENA region, vol. 9. in Comparative and International Education, A Diversity of Voices, vol. 9. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Lourenço, N. Lourenço, and N. Horta, “Kernel Validation Using CEC2009 Benchmarks,” in AIDA-CMK: Multi-Algorithm Optimization Kernel Applied to Analog IC Sizing, N. Lourenço and N. Horta, Eds., in SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 43–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Rhythm On The Brain, And Why We Can’t Stop Dancing,” IFLScience, May 07, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: VA Actions Needed to Implement Critical Reforms,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-00-226, Aug. 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. K. Kashyap, “Bit Error Rate Performance of 4x2 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Conjugate Cancellation Techniques,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Puerto Rico Utility and Bondholders Agree to Keep Working on a Deal,” New York Times, p. B3, Dec. 19, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II Express Briefs
ISSN (print)1549-7747
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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