How to format your references using the Food and Environmental Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food and Environmental Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rishbeth, H. (2002). High above the Earth. Nature, 418(6893), 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gandhi, S. P., & Stevens, C. F. (2003). Three modes of synaptic vesicular recycling revealed by single-vesicle imaging. Nature, 423(6940), 607–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, W., Shang, Y., & Li, W. (2014). gp78 elongates of polyubiquitin chains from the distal end through the cooperation of its G2BR and CUE domains. Scientific reports, 4, 7138.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Burgo, T. A. L., Silva, C. A., Balestrin, L. B. S., & Galembeck, F. (2013). Friction coefficient dependence on electrostatic tribocharging. Scientific reports, 3, 2384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diels, J.-C., & Arissian, L. (2011). Lasers. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Saitô, H. (2006). Solid State NMR Spectroscopy for Biopolymers: Principles and Applications. (I. Ando & A. Naito, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosas-Tellez, L. V., Zanella-Palacios, V., & Martínez-Flores, J. L. (2013). Solution of a Modified Balanced Academic Curriculum Problem Using Evolutionary Strategies. In K. Madani, A. Dourado, A. Rosa, & J. Filipe (Eds.), Computational Intelligence: Revised and Selected Papers of the International Joint Conference, IJCCI 2011, Paris, France, October 24-26, 2011 (pp. 49–58). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food and Environmental Virology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 23). Visualization Of Recent Asteroid Impacts With Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Telecommunications: Preliminary Information on the Federal Communications Commission’s Spectrum Allocation and Assignment Process (No. GAO-06-212R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hudson, K. R. (2012). Student perception of teachers’ National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education and California Commission on Teacher Credentialing dispositions (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, August 9). All-American Match, All-American Ending. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rishbeth 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gandhi and Stevens 2003; Rishbeth 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gandhi and Stevens 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Burgo et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood and Environmental Virology
AbbreviationFood Environ. Virol.
ISSN (print)1867-0334
ISSN (online)1867-0342
ScopeFood Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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