How to format your references using the Food and Environmental Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food and Environmental Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huybers, P. (2006). Early Pleistocene glacial cycles and the integrated summer insolation forcing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5786), 508–511.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roxburgh, S. H., & Mokany, K. (2007). Comment on “From plant traits to plant communities: a statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5830), 1425; author reply 1425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayes, D., Griffin, G. B., & Engel, G. S. (2014). Response to Comment on “Engineering coherence among excited states in synthetic heterodimer systems.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1099.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gai, Y.-P., Li, Y.-Q., Guo, F.-Y., Yuan, C.-Z., Mo, Y.-Y., Zhang, H.-L., et al. (2014). Analysis of phytoplasma-responsive sRNAs provide insight into the pathogenic mechanisms of mulberry yellow dwarf disease. Scientific reports, 4, 5378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wempen, F. (2010). Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Benhabib, S., & Kaul, V. (Eds.). (2016). Toward New Democratic Imaginaries - İstanbul Seminars on Islam, Culture and Politics (Vol. 2). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jeffries, N. (2009). A Biography of a Stoneware Ginger Beer Bottle: The Biucchi Brothers and the Ticinese Community in Nineteenth-Century London. In C. White (Ed.), The Materiality of Individuality: Archaeological Studies of Individual Lives (pp. 57–74). New York, NY: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food and Environmental Virology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 7). Earliest Known Case of Down’s Syndrome Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Exiting Program Improvement (No. HRD-93-2R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zohourian, M. (2015). Supply Chain Decision Making Under Demand Uncertainty and the Use of Control Systems: A Correlational Study (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2016, October 23). Mom Started a Job, So Dad Is Nervous About All His New Responsibilities. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huybers 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Huybers 2006; Roxburgh and Mokany 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roxburgh and Mokany 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Gai et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood and Environmental Virology
AbbreviationFood Environ. Virol.
ISSN (print)1867-0334
ISSN (online)1867-0342
ScopeFood Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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