How to format your references using the Food and Environmental Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food and Environmental Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Funk, C. (2011). We thought trouble was coming. Nature, 476(7358), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Auer, S., & Frenkel, D. (2001). Prediction of absolute crystal-nucleation rate in hard-sphere colloids. Nature, 409(6823), 1020–1023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, J., Thompson, B., & Hess, R. F. (2013). A new form of rapid binocular plasticity in adult with amblyopia. Scientific reports, 3, 2638.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
An, S., Kumar, R., Sheets, E. D., & Benkovic, S. J. (2008). Reversible compartmentalization of de novo purine biosynthetic complexes in living cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5872), 103–106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, K. R., Bojkovic, Z. S., & Milovanovic, D. A. (2005). Introduction to Multimedia Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Belkin, S., & Gu, M. B. (Eds.). (2010). Whole Cell Sensing Systems I: Reporter Cells and Devices (Vol. 117). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Girsang, I. P., & Dhupia, J. S. (2015). Machine Tools for Machining. In A. Y. C. Nee (Ed.), Handbook of Manufacturing Engineering and Technology (pp. 811–865). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food and Environmental Virology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 31). Grand Canyon Gray Wolf May Have Been Shot Dead. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Education Grants: Promise Neighborhoods Promotes Collaboration but Needs National Evaluation Plan (No. GAO-14-432). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bladen, L. (2014). Relationship of Embodied Nursing Knowledge and Client Outcomes in Home Health (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, August 2). Future Is Now for Mets Prospect Rosario. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Funk 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Auer and Frenkel 2001; Funk 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Auer and Frenkel 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (An et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood and Environmental Virology
AbbreviationFood Environ. Virol.
ISSN (print)1867-0334
ISSN (online)1867-0342
ScopeFood Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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