How to format your references using the Coastal Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coastal Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J., 2014. Breakdown + Breakdown runners-up. Science 346, 1450–1451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoppler, S., Wheeler, G.N., 2015. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. It’s about time for neural crest. Science 348, 1316–1317.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y.-C., Song, S.-W., Liu, W.-M., 2014. The confinement induced resonance in spin-orbit coupled cold atoms with Raman coupling. Sci. Rep. 4, 4992.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Singh, S.K., Piscitelli, C.L., Yamashita, A., Gouaux, E., 2008. A competitive inhibitor traps LeuT in an open-to-out conformation. Science 322, 1655–1661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Römer, H., 2004. Theoretical Optics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Ding, M., Eliashberg, J., Stremersch, S. (Eds.), 2014. Innovation and Marketing in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Emerging Practices, Research, and Policies, International Series in Quantitative Marketing. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Ivry, A.L., 2008. The Ontological Entailments of Averroes’ Understanding of Perception, in: Knuuttila, S., Kärkkäinen, P. (Eds.), Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy, Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coastal Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Ancient Two-Faced Fish Suggests Our Ancestor Wasn’t Shark-Like [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Space-Based Lasers (No. 117803). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Works, R.F., 2016. Econometric modeling of exchange rate determinants by market classification: An empirical analysis of Japan and South Korea using the sticky-price monetary theory (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L., 2017. Lessons and Interpretations on the Court Nomination Process. New York Times A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen, 2014; Hoppler and Wheeler, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoppler and Wheeler, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Singh et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoastal Engineering
AbbreviationCoast. Eng.
ISSN (print)0378-3839
ScopeOcean Engineering
Environmental Engineering

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