How to format your references using the Coastal Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coastal Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H., 2007. Minimum telomere length defined for healthy cells. Nature 449, 515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedraza, J.M., van Oudenaarden, A., 2005. Noise propagation in gene networks. Science 307, 1965–1969.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alley, R.B., Fahnestock, M., Joughin, I., 2008. Climate change. Understanding glacier flow in changing times. Science 322, 1061–1062.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tinker-Mill, C., Mayes, J., Allsop, D., Kolosov, O.V., 2014. Ultrasonic force microscopy for nanomechanical characterization of early and late-stage amyloid-β peptide aggregation. Sci. Rep. 4, 4004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen, W.R., Friedman, E.A., 2011. Labor and Delivery Care. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Broadhead, A., 2007. English for Personal Assistants: The essential handbook for doing business internationally. Gabler, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferreira, C.A., Müller, F., Amado, F.D.R., 2014. Ionic Membranes, in: Moura Bernardes, A., Siqueira Rodrigues, M.A., Zoppas Ferreira, J. (Eds.), Electrodialysis and Water Reuse: Novel Approaches. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coastal Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Huge Squid Caught Attacking Submarine On Video [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Highway Funding: Alternatives for Distributing Federal Funds (No. RCED-96-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doddick, S., 2012. Noncontact 2D Plethysmography: A non-invasive technique for monitoring dynamic trends in a respiratory system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. AMC and Comcast to Offer A Commercial-Free Option. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ledford, 2007; Pedraza and van Oudenaarden, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pedraza and van Oudenaarden, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Tinker-Mill et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoastal Engineering
AbbreviationCoast. Eng.
ISSN (print)0378-3839
ScopeOcean Engineering
Environmental Engineering

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