How to format your references using the Coastal Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coastal Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foote, R., 2007. Mathematics and complex systems. Science 318, 410–412.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bechler, M.E., ffrench-Constant, C., 2014. Neuroscience. A new wrap for neuronal activity? Science 344, 480–481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pauluis, O., Czaja, A., Korty, R., 2008. The global atmospheric circulation on moist isentropes. Science 321, 1075–1078.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Arca, F., Tedde, S.F., Sramek, M., Rauh, J., Lugli, P., Hayden, O., 2013. Interface trap states in organic photodiodes. Sci. Rep. 3, 1324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marroni, L., Perdomo, I., 2013. Pricing and Hedging Financial Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Frank, J. (Ed.), 2006. Electron Tomography: Methods for Three-Dimensional Visualization of Structures in the Cell, Second Edition. ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Glas, E., 2009. On the Role of Thought-Experiments in Mathematical Discovery, in: Meheus, J., Nickles, T. (Eds.), Models of Discovery and Creativity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coastal Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. The Pacific’s Floating “Plastic Continents” Will Soon Wash Up On Our Shorelines [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. GAO ADP Data Lines: Issue No. 1 (No. 122631). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lingley-Papadopoulos, C.A., 2008. Image analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography images of the urinary bladder for the recognition of bladder cancer (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blinder, A., 2016. Aimed at Zika Mosquitoes, Spray Kills Millions of Bees. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foote, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bechler and ffrench-Constant, 2014; Foote, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bechler and ffrench-Constant, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Arca et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoastal Engineering
AbbreviationCoast. Eng.
ISSN (print)0378-3839
ScopeOcean Engineering
Environmental Engineering

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