How to format your references using the Acta Pharmacologica Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Pharmacologica Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. Bridging sectors. Medicon Valley. Nature 420, A24-5 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
Moir, S. & Fauci, A. S. Immunology. Salmonella susceptibility. Science 328, 439–440 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
Krishnamurthy, H., Piscitelli, C. L. & Gouaux, E. Unlocking the molecular secrets of sodium-coupled transporters. Nature 459, 347–355 (2009).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Xiao, X., Yao, Y., Zhou, L.-M. & Wang, X. Distribution of quantum Fisher information in asymmetric cloning machines. Sci. Rep. 4, 7361 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bacon, C. R. Practical Risk-Adjusted Performance Measurement. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2012).
An edited book
Hughes, T. L. Identifying, Assessing, and Treating Conduct Disorder at School. vol. 1 (Springer US, 2008).
A chapter in an edited book
Abdel-Shafy, H. I., Guindi, K. A. & Tawfik, N. S. Groundwater Contamination as Affected by Long-Term Sewage Irrigation in Egypt. in Efficient Management of Wastewater: Its Treatment and Reuse in Water-Scarce Countries (eds. Baz, I. A., Otterpohl, R. & Wendland, C.) 53–63 (Springer, 2008).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Pharmacologica Sinica.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Here’s What It Would Have Been Like To Be Caught In The Great Fire of London. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mission Support Project: User Perceptions on Computer Use and Network Operations. (1992).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin, R. L. Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students. (California State University, Long Beach, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Mets’ Reed Finds Dominance in the Heart of the Plate. New York Times B12 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Pharmacologica Sinica
AbbreviationActa Pharmacol. Sin.
ISSN (print)1671-4083
ISSN (online)1745-7254
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles