How to format your references using the Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.J. Parkes, A case of bacterial immortality?, Nature. 407 (2000) 844–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
I.B. Smith, J.W. Holt, Onset and migration of spiral troughs on Mars revealed by orbital radar, Nature. 465 (2010) 450–453.
A journal article with 3 authors
W.M. Durham, J.O. Kessler, R. Stocker, Disruption of vertical motility by shear triggers formation of thin phytoplankton layers, Science. 323 (2009) 1067–1070.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.A. Chambers, T. Droubay, D.R. Jennison, T.R. Mattsson, Laminar growth of ultrathin metal films on metal oxides: Co on hydroxylated alpha-Al2O3(0001), Science. 297 (2002) 827–831.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Solomon, The Art of Client Service, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
S. Dolev, ed., Distributed Computing: 20th International Symposium, DISC 2006, Stockholm, Sweden, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Shin, A. Abraham, S.Y. Han, Self Organizing Sensor Networks Using Intelligent Clustering, in: M.L. Gavrilova, O. Gervasi, V. Kumar, C.J.K. Tan, D. Taniar, A. Laganá, Y. Mun, H. Choo (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2006: International Conference, Glasgow, UK, May 8-11, 2006, Proceedings, Part IV, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 40–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Life May Develop Even Outside The Habitable Zone, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Increasing Use of Data Telecommunications Calls for Stronger Protection and Improved Economies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Huynhle, High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Increases Resilience against Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection in Drosophila Larvae, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Decade Later, Waltrip Deals With a Crash At Daytona, New York Times. (2011) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering
AbbreviationArch. Civ. Mech. Eng.
ISSN (print)1644-9665
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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