How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chipman A, Swiss on a roll, Nature, 448 (7153) 2007 525.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suenaga K & Koshino M, Atom-by-atom spectroscopy at graphene edge, Nature, 468 (7327) 2010 1088–1090.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bi X, Corpina RA, & Goldberg J, Structure of the Sec23/24-Sar1 pre-budding complex of the COPII vesicle coat, Nature, 419 (6904) 2002 271–277.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Roos-Serote M, Vasavada AR, Kamp L, Drossart P, Irwin P, et al., Proximate humid and dry regions in Jupiter’s atmosphere indicate complex local meteorology, Nature, 405 (6783) 2000 158–160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari M, Ariff M, & Mohamad S, Sukuk Securities, (John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore), 2014.
An edited book
Eppelbaum L, Geophysical Studies in the Caucasus, (edited by Khesin B), (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Souto WMS, Pinto LC, Mendonça LET, Mourão JS, Vieira WLS, et al., Medicinal Animals in Ethnoveterinary Practices: A World Overview, In: Animals in Traditional Folk Medicine: Implications for Conservation, edited by Alves RRN, Rosa IL, (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 2013, 43–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.

Blog post
Hamilton K, Millions Rely On Cheap Cloth Masks That May Provide Little Protection Against Deadly Air Pollution, IFLScience, (, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Traffic Management: Federal Policies to Encourage Low-Cost Approaches Need to Be Strengthened, (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC), 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pugh AN, Adoption is an option: A personal narrative, Doctoral dissertation, (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA), 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Puerto Rico Begins Choosing Which Payments to Make, New York Times. , December 2, 2015:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Traditional Knowledge
ISSN (print)0972-5938
ISSN (online)0975-1068

Other styles