How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnaby W, Do nations go to war over water?, Nature, 458 (7236) 2009 282–283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Song T-RA & Simons M, Large trench-parallel gravity variations predict seismogenic behavior in subduction zones, Science, 301 (5633) 2003 630–633.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gwak G, Ko J, & Ju H, Effects of porous properties on cold-start behavior of polymer electrolyte fuel cells from sub-zero to normal operating temperatures, Sci Rep, 4 2014 5770.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Donnadieu Y, Goddéris Y, Ramstein G, Nédélec A, & Meert J, A “snowball Earth” climate triggered by continental break-up through changes in runoff, Nature, 428 (6980) 2004 303–306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zlokarnik M, Scale-Up in Chemical Engineering, (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG), 2006.
An edited book
Klüver L, Nielsen RØ, & Jørgensen ML eds, Policy-Oriented Technology Assessment Across Europe: Expanding Capacities, (Palgrave Macmillan UK, London), 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin Y, Liu Y, & Wang Y-T, Context-Aware Based Mobile Augmented Reality Browser and its Optimization Design, In: Image and Graphics: 8th International Conference, ICIG 2015, Tianjin, China, August 13-16, 2015, Proceedings, Part II, edited by Zhang Y-J, (Springer International Publishing, Cham), 2015, 34–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J, SpaceX Will Launch Its First Rocket In Five Months This Sunday, IFLScience, (, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Acquisition: A Comprehensive Strategy Is Needed for Cultural Change at FAA, (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC), 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rosenberg EL, Learning to live: The clinical importance of first-person accounts of recovery from anorexia nervosa, Doctoral dissertation, (Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA), 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S, 2 Russian Churches, Split by War, Reuniting, New York Times. , May 17, 2007:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Traditional Knowledge
ISSN (print)0972-5938
ISSN (online)0975-1068

Other styles