How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D, Quantum dots show their true colours, Nature, 432 (7014) 2004 247.
A journal article with 2 authors
De La Cruz EM & Pollard TD, Structural biology. Actin’ up, Science, 293 (5530) 2001 616–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
King MC, Lusk CP, & Blobel G, Karyopherin-mediated import of integral inner nuclear membrane proteins, Nature, 442 (7106) 2006 1003–1007.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Taylor RW, Benz F, Sigle DO, Bowman RW, Bao P, et al., Watching individual molecules flex within lipid membranes using SERS, Sci Rep, 4 2014 5940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stirling E, Valuing Older People, (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK), 2010.
An edited book
Anderluh G & Lakey J eds, Proteins Membrane Binding and Pore Formation, Volume 677, (Springer, New York, NY), 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Turchetti B, Goretti M, Buzzini P, & Margesin R, Cold-Adapted Yeasts in Alpine and Apennine Glaciers, In: Cold-adapted Yeasts: Biodiversity, Adaptation Strategies and Biotechnological Significance, edited by Buzzini P, Margesin R, (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 2014, 99–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.

Blog post
Fang J, First Ebola Case Diagnosed in the U.S. Confirmed, IFLScience, (, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information on the National School Safety Center, (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC), 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Younis KM, The impact of moral values on ethical practices in environmental management, Doctoral dissertation, (University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ), 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J, Kangaroo Rats Outjump Rattlesnakes, New York Times. , October 12, 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Traditional Knowledge
ISSN (print)0972-5938
ISSN (online)0975-1068

Other styles