How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cherry M, Construction starts on largest telescope in the south, Nature, 407 (6800) 2000 4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vance V & Vaucheret H, RNA silencing in plants--defense and counterdefense, Science, 292 (5525) 2001 2277–2280.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanada K-I, Yewdell JW, & Yang JC, Immune recognition of a human renal cancer antigen through post-translational protein splicing, Nature, 427 (6971) 2004 252–256.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Chugunov A, Pyrkova D, Nolde D, Polyansky A, Pentkovsky V, et al., Lipid-II forms potential “landing terrain” for lantibiotics in simulated bacterial membrane, Sci Rep, 3 2013 1678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis TG, Java® and Mac OS® X, (Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA), 2010.
An edited book
Nguyen NT, Iliadis L, Manolopoulos Y, & Trawiński B eds, Computational Collective Intelligence: 8th International Conference, ICCCI 2016, Halkidiki, Greece, September 28-30, 2016. Proceedings, Part II, Volume 9876, (Springer International Publishing, Cham), 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Whitehouse R, Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA), In: Imaging and Technology in Urology: Principles and Clinical Applications, edited by Payne S, Eardley I, O’Flynn K, (Springer, London), 2012, 19–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.

Blog post
Andrew E, Astronomers Reveal Five Hidden “Monster Black Holes,” IFLScience, (, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Financing: Use of Funds for Capital Improvements at Chicago O’Hare International Airport, (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC), 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baumgarten DK, An Examination of the Relationship between Collegiate Student-Athlete’s Leadership Role in the Athletic Setting and Their Academic Success, Doctoral dissertation, (Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ), 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain JR, When a Sound System Can Mean Life or Death, New York Times. , November 10, 2016:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Traditional Knowledge
ISSN (print)0972-5938
ISSN (online)0975-1068

Other styles