How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H, Chemists’ salaries turn south, Nature, 422 (6933) 2003 650.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mojzsis SJ & Harrison TM, Origin and significance of Archean quartzose rocks at Akilia, Greenland, Science, 298 (5595) 2002 917; discussion 917.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dudley AT, Ros MA, & Tabin CJ, A re-examination of proximodistal patterning during vertebrate limb development, Nature, 418 (6897) 2002 539–544.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Matoba S, Kang J-G, Patino WD, Wragg A, Boehm M, et al., p53 regulates mitochondrial respiration, Science, 312 (5780) 2006 1650–1653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker A, Solar Energy, (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ), 2013.
An edited book
Hatakeyama T, Thermal Properties of Green Polymers and Biocomposites, (edited by Hatakeyama H), Volume 4, (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht), 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Sworder DD & Boyd JE, Classification and Target Tempo, In: Locating, Classifying and Countering Agile Land Vehicles: With Applications to Command Architectures, edited by Boyd JE, (Springer International Publishing, Cham), 2016, 113–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.

Blog post
Andrew D, Astronomers Just Discovered One Of The Most Massive Objects In The Universe Hiding Behind The Milky Way, IFLScience, (, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Survey of Supervisors at U.S. Attorneys’ Offices, an E-supplement to GAO-04-422, (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC), 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denno D, Multiple paths to first grade: A comparison of child, parent, and early education variables associated with multiple year kindergarten experiences, Doctoral dissertation, (University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH), 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kanter J, E.U. Lawmakers Approve Canada Trade Deal, in Message to Trump, New York Times. , February 15, 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Traditional Knowledge
ISSN (print)0972-5938
ISSN (online)0975-1068

Other styles