How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noonan J, Journal club. An evolutionary geneticist looks at how small genetic changes can have big evolutionary effects, Nature, 465 (7294) 2010 13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson DL & Natland JH, Evidence for mantle plumes?, Nature, 450 (7169) 2007 E15; discussion E16.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers JA, Someya T, & Huang Y, Materials and mechanics for stretchable electronics, Science, 327 (5973) 2010 1603–1607.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Zhu Y, Wang F, Liu L, Xiao S, Yang Y, et al., Cheap glass fiber mats as a matrix of gel polymer electrolytes for lithium ion batteries, Sci Rep, 3 2013 3187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bi J, Sensory Discrimination Tests and Measurements, (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK), 2015.
An edited book
Sano T & Srivatsan TS eds, Advanced Composites for Aerospace, Marine, and Land Applications II, (Springer International Publishing, Cham), 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Staack H, Xetra Active Funds (XAF) — More than “Just” Index Tracking, In: Exchange Traded Funds: Structure, Regulation and Application of a New Fund Class, edited by Hehn E, (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 2005, 61–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.

Blog post
Hale T, Here’s What Scientists Found When They Opened A Cave That Had Been Isolated For More Than Five Million Years, IFLScience, (, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Air Force Can Improve Its Maintenance Information Systems, (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC), 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fuller JB, The Woodsman’s Son, Doctoral dissertation, (University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA), 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner T, Heavier Bullpen Use Unlikely Outside Postseason, New York Times. , November 2, 2016:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Traditional Knowledge
ISSN (print)0972-5938
ISSN (online)0975-1068

Other styles